Expedition of Abu Qatadah ibn Rab'i al-Ansari (Batn Edam)

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Abu Qatadah ibn Rab'i al-Ansari (Batn Edam)
Date November 629 AD, 8AH
Location Edam[disambiguation needed]
Result * Successful caravan raid
Commanders and leaders
Abu Qatadah ibn Rab'i al-Ansari Unknown
Strength
8 Unknown
Casualties and losses
0 Leader of Caravan killed

Expedition of Abu Qatadah ibn Rab'i al-Ansari,[1] to Batn Edam (also spelt Idam) took place in November 629 AD, 8AH, 8th month, of the Islamic Calendar[2]

Expedition[edit]

Muhammad was planning on attacking Mecca, with the view of securing a complete news black-out concerning his military intentions, then Muhammad despatched an 8 man platoon under the leadership of Abu Qatadah bin Rab‘i in the direction of Edam, a short distance from Madinah, in Ramadan 8 A.H, in order to divert the attention of people from his main target of attacking Mecca, with which he was pre-occupied.[3] [4]

According to Ibn Sa'd, Ibn Hisham, and many Sunni hadith collections,[5] a Bedouin caravan passed by and they greeted the Muslims with “Assalamu Alaikum.” But Muhallam bin Juthamah (who was with Abu Qatadah) attacked the caravan anyway and killed the leader. They returned to Muhammad with the flock they captured and told him the story.

Muhammad then revealed the verse 4:94.[6][7]Ibn Kathir interprets this as, God asking Muslims to be more careful when fighting "in the way of Allah", as to reduce the chance of killing Muslims accidentally, as happened in this incident.[8]

Islamic primary sources[edit]

The event is mentioned in the Quran verse 4:94:

The famous Muslim scholar Ibn Kathir's commentary of the verse in his Tafsir is as follows:

The event is also referenced in the Sunni Hadith collection, Sahih Muslim as follows:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Atlas of the Prophet's biography: places, nations, landmarks, By Shawqī Abū Khalīl, Pg218
  2. ^ List of Battles of Muhammad
  3. ^ The sealed nectar, By S.R. Al-Mubarakpuri, Pg250
  4. ^ "Preparations for the Attack on Makkah", Witness-Pioneer.com
  5. ^ Sahih Muslim, 43:7176
  6. ^ Tafsir ibn Kathir Juz, Pg 94, By Ibn Kathir, Translation by Muhammad Saed Abdul-Rahman
  7. ^ Say not to anyone who greets you: "You are not a believer;, Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Text Version
  8. ^ Tafsir ibn Kathir Juz, Pg 94, By Ibn Kathir, Translation by Muhammad Saed Abdul-Rahman
  9. ^ Tafsir ibn Kathir Juz, Pg 94, By Ibn Kathir, Translation by Muhammad Saed Abdul-Rahman
  10. ^ Say not to anyone who greets you: "You are not a believer;, Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Text Version