Expedition of Dahhak al-Kilabi
The Expedition of Dahhak al-Kilabi, against the Banu Kilab tribe, took place in August 630 AD, 9AH, 2nd month, of the Islamic Calendar. When the Muslims arrived, brief fighting took place, and the Banu Kilab fled. Al-Asyad then captured his father, and held him until he could get support from another Muslim, who then killed his father.
Muhammad sent al-Dahak ibn Sufyan to al-Zuji to invite the people of Banu Kilab to call them to embrace Islam. They refused to embrace Islam and fighting took place, they started to fight against the Muslims, but were defeated.
Among the fighters on the Muslim side, was a man named al-Asyad. He met his father named Salamah and called him to embrace Islam. However his father verbally abused Islam. Then al-Asyad hamstrung his fathers horse. When he fell to the ground, he grabbed hold of him, until he could get support from another Muslim, who then killed his father. All the other tribesmen of the Banu Kilab fled the scene after brief fighting.
Islamic primary sources
The event is also mentioned by the Muslim Scholar Ibn Sa'd in his book "Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir", as follows:
THE SARIYYAH OF AL-DAHHAK IBN SUFYAN AL- KILABI AGAINST BANU KILAB.
Then (occurred) the sariyyah of al-Dahhak Ibn Sufyan al-Kilabi...
They (the narrators) said: The Apostle of Allah sent a force under al-Dahhak Ibn Sufyan Ibn ‘Awf Ibn Abu Bakr al-Kilabi, against al-Qurara. Al-Asyad Ibn Salamah Ibn Qart was with him. They encountered them at al-Zujj, the Zujj of Lawah and invited them to embrace Islam. They refused, so they attacked them and forced them to flee. Then al-Asyad met his father Salamah who was on his own horse, in a pond of al-Zujj. He invited his father to embrace Islam promising him amnesty. He (father) abused him and his creed. Consequently al-Asyad hamstrung the horse of his father. When the horse fell on his hoofs Salamah reclined on his spear in water. He (al-Asyad) held him till one of them (Muslims) came there and killed him. His son did not kill him.
[Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir,By Ibn Sa'd,Volume 2, Pg 201]
- Abu Khalil, Shawqi (1 March 2004). Atlas of the Prophet's biography: places, nations, landmarks. Dar-us-Salam. p. 230. ISBN 978-9960-897-71-4.
- Abū Khalīl, Shawqī (2003). Atlas of the Quran. Dar-us-Salam. p. 244. ISBN 978-9960-897-54-7.
- Hawarey, Dr. Mosab (2010). The Journey of Prophecy; Days of Peace and War (Arabic). Islamic Book Trust.Note: Book contains a list of battles of Muhammad in Arabic, English translation available here
- Rahman al-Mubarakpuri, Saifur (2005), The Sealed Nectar, Darussalam Publications, p. 269
- Sa'd, Ibn (1967). Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir,By Ibn Sa'd,Volume 2. Pakistan Historical Society. p. 201. ASIN B0007JAWMK.
- The Sealed Nectar, Text Version, Witness-Pioneer.com