Expedition of Khalid ibn al-Walid (2nd Dumatul Jandal)

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Khalid ibn al-Walid invaded the city of Dumatul Jandal in April 631 AD, to destroy the holy symbol of Wadd and slaughter its inhabitants.[1][2]

This was the 2nd time Khalid was sent on a military invasion to Dumatul Jandal. He was also sent to Dumatul Jandal in March 631 to invade the land of a Christian prince who ruled the area.[3][4][5][6]

Wadd[edit]

Main article: Wadd

Wadd (Arabic: ود‎) meaning the God of Love and Friendship, also known as Ilumquh, ʻAmm and Sīn, was the Minaean moon god. Snakes were held sacred to the believers of Wadd. He is mentioned in the Qur'an (71:23) as a God in the time of the Prophet, Noah.

And they say: By no means leave your gods, nor leave Wadd, nor Suwa'; nor Yaghuth, and Ya'uq and Nasr. (Qur'an 71:23)

Before it razzed by the invasion of Khalid, the holy shrine of Wadd was located at Dumatul Jandal.[2][7]

Expedition[edit]

Muhammad sent Khalid ibn Walid the demolish Wadd after the battle of Tabuk ,[1][2] an idol worshipped by the Banu Kalb tribe.[7]

Khalid went to Dumatul Jandal to destroy it, but the Banu Abd-Wadd and the Banu Amir al Ajdar tribes resisted. Khalid slew all resistance, Ibn Kalbi also mentions that among those slaughtered were Qatan ibn-Shurayb, whose mother wept at his death and fell over to his body and started sobbing until she died. Khalid demolished the deistic symbol and destroyed the entire shrine.[1][2]

Islamic primary sources[edit]

The Muslim historian Hisham Ibn Al-Kalbi, mentions this event as follows:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c William Pickthall, Marmaduke (1967). Islamic culture, Volume 9. Islamic Culture Board. p. 191. ISBN 978-1-142-49174-1.  Original is from the University of Virginia
  2. ^ a b c d e ibn al Kalbi, Hisham (1952). The book of idols: being a translation from the Arabic of the Kitāb al-asnām. Princeton University Press. p. 48. ASIN B002G9N1NQ. 
  3. ^ Abu Khalil, Shawqi (1 March 2004). Atlas of the Prophet's biography: places, nations, landmarks. Dar-us-Salam. p. 239. ISBN 978-9960-897-71-4. 
  4. ^ Abū Khalīl, Shawqī (2003). Atlas of the Quran. Dar-us-Salam. p. 244. ISBN 978-9960-897-54-7. 
  5. ^ Rahman al-Mubarakpuri, Saifur (2005), The Sealed Nectar, Darussalam Publications, p. 277 
  6. ^ Muir, William (10 August 2003). Life of Mahomet. Kessinger Publishing Co. p. 458. ISBN 978-0-7661-7741-3. 
  7. ^ a b Sale, George (12 Jan 2010). The Koran: commonly called the Alcoran of Mohammed, Volume 1. BiblioBazaar, LLC. p. 40. ISBN 978-1-142-49174-1.