List of most expensive paintings

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The Card Players by Paul Cézanne is currently the most expensive painting ever sold.

This is a list of the highest known prices paid for paintings. The earliest sale on the list (Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers by Vincent van Gogh) is from 1987, and more than tripled the previous record price, set only two years before, introducing a new era in top picture prices. The sale was also significant in that for the first time a "modern" painting (in this case from 1888) became the record holder, as opposed to the old master paintings which had always previously held it. Since that time sales of the most valuable paintings have usually been made at auctions, though that had by no means always been the case before, and the list below still shows some "private sales", including the five most expensive. The current record price was paid for The Card Players by Paul Cézanne, which was sold for more than $250 million in 2011.[1][2][3]

Background[edit]

The world's most famous paintings, especially old master works done before 1803, are generally owned or held at museums, for viewing by patrons. The museums very rarely sell them, and as such, they are quite literally priceless. Guinness World Records lists the Mona Lisa as having the highest insurance value for a painting in history. On permanent display at The Louvre museum in Paris, the Mona Lisa was assessed at US$100 million on December 14, 1962. Taking inflation into account, the 1962 value would be around US$780 million today.[4]

The earliest sale on the list below (Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers by Vincent van Gogh) is from March 1987; with a price of £24.75 million ($82 million in current dollars) it tripled the previous record and introduced a new era in top art sales. Before this, the highest absolute price paid for a painting was £8.1 million ($23 million in current dollars) paid by the J. Paul Getty Museum for Mantegna's Adoration of the Magi at Christie's in London on April 18, 1985.[5] In constant dollars, the highest price paid before 1987 was by the National Gallery of Art when in February 1967 they acquired Leonardo da Vinci's Ginevra de' Benci for around $5 million ($35 million in current dollars) from the Princely Family of Liechtenstein. The sale of Van Gogh's Sunflowers was also significant in that for the first time a "modern" (in this case 1888) painting became the record holder, as opposed to the old master paintings which previously had dominated the market. In contrast, there are currently only seven pre-1850 paintings among the top 48 listed.

An exceptional case is graffiti artist David Choe, who accepted payment in shares for painting graffiti art in the headquarters of a fledgling Facebook. While his shares were of limited value when he was awarded them, by the time of Facebook's IPO they were valued at around $200m.[6]

Van Gogh, Picasso, and Warhol[edit]

Vincent van Gogh, Pablo Picasso, and Andy Warhol are by far the best represented artists in the list. Whereas Picasso and Warhol became wealthy men, Van Gogh (supposedly) sold only one painting in his lifetime, The Red Vineyard, for 400 Francs (about $1600 in 2011) to the impressionist painter and heiress Anna Boch.[7] His seven paintings in the list below alone were sold for over 719 million current dollars.

List of highest prices paid at auctions or private sales (inflation adjusted)[edit]

This list is ordered by consumer price index inflation-adjusted value[note 1] (in bold) in millions of September 2014 United States dollars. Where necessary, the price is first converted to dollars using the exchange rate at the time the painting was sold. The inflation adjustment may change as recent inflation rates are often revised. A list in another currency may be in a slightly different order due to exchange rate fluctuations. Paintings are only listed once, i.e. for the highest price sold.

Adjusted price (in millions) Original price (in millions) Painting Image Artist Year Date of sale Rank at sale Seller Buyer Auction house
$274 $259 +[note 2] The Card Players Card Players-Paul Cezanne.jpg Paul Cézanne 1892/93 April 2011 1 George Embiricos State of Qatar Private sale[1][2][3]
$165.4 $140 No. 5, 1948 Jackson Pollock 1948 November 2, 2006 1 David Geffen David Martinez Private sale via Sotheby's[8]
$162.4 $137.5 Woman III Willem de Kooning 1953 November 18, 2006 2 David Geffen Steven A. Cohen Private sale via Larry Gagosian[9]
$158.5 $155 Le Rêve Pablo Picasso 1932 March 26, 2013 4 Steve Wynn Steven A. Cohen Private sale[10]
$158.4 $135 Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I Gustav Klimt 046.jpg Gustav Klimt 1907 June 18, 2006 1 Maria Altmann Ronald Lauder, Neue Galerie Private sale via Christie's[11]
$152.0 $82.5 Portrait of Dr. Gachet Portrait of Dr. Gachet.jpg Vincent van Gogh 1890 May 15, 1990 1 Siegfried Kramarsky family Ryoei Saito.[note 3] Christie's, New York
$145.0 $142.4 Three Studies of Lucian Freud Francis Bacon 1969 November 12, 2013 7 Elaine Wynn, ex-wife of Steve Wynn[14] Christie's, New York[15]
$143.9 $78.1 Bal du moulin de la Galette[note 4] Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Le Moulin de la Galette.jpg Pierre-Auguste Renoir 1876 May 17, 1990 2 Betsey Whitney Ryoei Saito[note 5] Sotheby's, New York
$131.1 $104.2 Garçon à la pipe Garçon à la pipe.jpg Pablo Picasso 1905 May 4, 2004 3 Greentree foundation (Whitney family) Barilla Group?[16] Sotheby's, New York[17]
$124.2 $119.9 The Scream[note 6] The Scream Pastel.jpg Edvard Munch 1895 May 2, 2012 8 Petter Olsen Leon Black[18] Sotheby's, New York
$120.3 $110.0 Flag[note 7] Jasper Johns 1954 March 2010 7 Jean-Christophe Castelli Steven A. Cohen Private sale, estimated price[19]
$116.2 $106.5 Nude, Green Leaves and Bust Pablo Picasso 1932 May 4, 2010 8 Frances Lasker Brody estate Christie's, New York[20]
$113 ++ $58 plus exchange of works[note 8] Portrait of Joseph Roulin Vincent van Gogh - Portrait of Joseph Roulin.jpg Vincent van Gogh 1889 August 1, 1989 1 Private collection, Zürich Museum of Modern Art New York Private sale via Thomas Ammann, Fine Art Zurich[21]
$111.9 $95.2 Dora Maar au Chat Pablo Picasso 1941 May 3, 2006 5 Gidwitz family Boris Ivanishvili[22] Sotheby's, New York[23]
$111.2 $53.9 Irises Irises-Vincent van Gogh.jpg Vincent van Gogh 1889 November 11, 1987 1 son of Joan Whitney Payson Alan Bond[note 9] Sotheby's, New York
$109.9 $100.0 Eight Elvises Andy Warhol 1963 October 2008 10 Annibale Berlingieri Private sale via Philippe Ségalot[24]
$107.7 $105.7
(¥10,300)
Anna's Light Barnett Newman 1968 October 4, 2013 16 DIC Corp. Private sale[25][26][27]
$107.7 $105.4 Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster) Andy Warhol 1963 November 13, 2013 18 Sotheby's, New York[28]
$103.9 $87.9 Adele Bloch-Bauer II Gustav Klimt 047.jpg Gustav Klimt 1912 November 2, 2006 9 Maria Altmann Christie's, New York
$103.8 $71.5 Portrait de l'artiste sans barbe Vincent Willem van Gogh 102.jpg Vincent van Gogh 1889 November 19, 1998 5 Heirs of Jacques Koerfer (de) Christie's, New York
$101.4 $76.7
(£49.5)
Massacre of the Innocents 0 Le Massacre des Innocents d'après P.P. Rubens - Musées royaux des beaux-arts de Belgique (2).JPG Peter Paul Rubens 1611 July 10, 2002 6 an Austrian family Kenneth Thomson[note 10] Sotheby's, London
$94.8 $86.3 Triptych, 1976 Francis Bacon 1976 May 14, 2008 13 Moueix Family, Château Pétrus[30] Roman Abramovich[31] Sotheby's, New York[32]
$94.4 $80.0 False Start Jasper Johns 1959 October 12, 2006 10 David Geffen Kenneth C. Griffin Private sale via Richard Gray[33]
$94.1 $57 A Wheatfield with Cypresses Vincent Willem van Gogh 049.jpg Vincent van Gogh 1889 May 1993 5 son of Emil Georg Bührle Walter H. Annenberg[note 11] Private sale via Steven Mazoh
$93.2 $49.3
(F300)
Les Noces de Pierrette Pablo Picasso 1905 November 30, 1989 3 Fredrik Roos (sv)[34] Tomonori Tsurumaki Binoche et Godeau Paris
$92.0 $47.8 Yo, Picasso Pablo Picasso 1901 May 9, 1989 2 Wendell Cherry (de) Stavros Niarchos Sotheby's, New York
$91.6 $80.0 Turquoise Marilyn Andy Warhol 1964 May 20, 2007 17 Stefan Edlis Steven A. Cohen Private sale via Larry Gagosian[35]
$90.3 $70.0 Portrait of Alfonso d'Avalos, Marquis of Vasto, in Armor with a Page Titian - Marchese del Vasto.jpg Titian 1533 November 2003 10 AXA insurance company Getty Museum Private sale via Hervé Aaron[36][37]
$90.0 $86.9 Orange, Red, Yellow Mark Rothko 1961 May 8, 2012 25 Estate of David Pincus Christie's, New York[38]
$87.6 $80.5
(£40.9)
Le Bassin aux Nymphéas Le bassin aux nymphéas - Claude Monet.jpg Claude Monet 1919 June 24, 2008 20 J. Irwin and Xenia S. Miller Christie's, London[39]
$86.6 $60.5 Rideau, Cruchon et Compotier[note 12] Paulcezanneart.jpg Paul Cézanne 1894 May 10, 1999 9 Whitney Family Sotheby's, New York
$84.2 $39.7
(£24.75)
Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers Vincent Willem van Gogh 127.jpg Vincent van Gogh 1888 March 30, 1987 1 daughter-in-law of Chester Beatty Yasuo Goto, Yasuda Comp. Christie's, London
$84.2 $84.2 Black Fire I Barnett Newman 1961 May 13, 2014 33 Private Collection Anonymous Christie's, New York[41]
$83.4 $72.8 White Center (Yellow, Pink and Lavender on Rose) Mark Rothko 1950 May 15, 2007 20 David Rockefeller, Sr. Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani[42] Sotheby's, New York[43]
$82.1 $71.7 Green Car Crash (Green Burning Car I) Andy Warhol 1963 May 16, 2007 21 Private collection, Zürich Philip Niarchos Christie's, New York[44]
$81.9 $81.9 Triple Elvis [Ferus Type] Andy Warhol 1963 November 12, 2014 36 WestSpiel Casino Company [45] Christie's, New York [46]
$80.9 $80.8 Three Studies for a Portrait of John Edwards Francis Bacon 1984 May 13, 2014 36 Private Collection Anonymous Christie's, New York[41]
$79.2 $70.6
(£50)
Diana and Actaeon

Titian - Diana and Actaeon - 1556-1559.jpg

Titian 1556–1559 February 1, 2009 26 Duke of Sutherland National Galleries of Scotland & National Gallery, London Private sale[47][48][49]
$79.2 $75–$80 Salvator Mundi Leonardo da Vinci or Boltraffio (attrib) Salvator Mundi circa 1500.jpg Attributed to Leonardo Da Vinci 1490-1519 May 2013 33 Robert Simon Anonymous Private sale[50]
$79.0 $75
(€50-60)[note 13]
Darmstadt Madonna Darmstadtmadonna.jpg Hans Holbein 1526 July 12, 2011 30 Donatus, Hereditary Prince of Hesse Reinhold Würth Private sale via Christoph Graf Douglas[51]
$78.3 $68 The Gross Clinic Thomas Eakins, American - Portrait of Dr. Samuel D. Gross (The Gross Clinic) - Google Art Project.jpg Thomas Eakins 1875 April 12, 2007 20 Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia Museum of Art Private sale.[52]
$77.3 $75.1 No 1 (Royal Red and Blue) Mark Rothko 1954 November 13, 2012 34 John and Anne Marion Sotheby's, New York[53]
$76.9 $40.7 Au Lapin Agile Pablo Picasso 1904 November 27, 1989 5 daughter of Joan Whitney Payson Walter H. Annenberg Sotheby's, New York
$76.3 $38.5
(£20.9)
Acrobate et jeune arlequin[note 14] Pablo Picasso 1905 November 28, 1988 3 heir of Roger Janssen?[note 15] Mitsukoshi Christie's, London
$75.2 $55.0 Femme aux Bras Croisés Pablo Picasso, 1901-02, Femme aux Bras Croisés, Woman with Folded Arms (Madchenbildnis), oil on canvas, 81 × 58 cm (32 × 23 in).jpg Pablo Picasso 1902 November 8, 2000 13 McCormick family, Chicago Christie's, New York[54]
$75.0 $69.0 Nude Sitting on a Divan ("La Belle Romaine") Amedeo Modigliani 063.jpg Amedeo Modigliani 1917 November 2, 2010 33 Halit Cıngıllıoglu[55] Sotheby's, New York[56]
$74.9 $63.5 Police Gazette[57] Willem de Kooning 1955 October 12, 2006 19 David Geffen Steven A. Cohen Private sale via Richard Gray[33]
$74.4 $71.7
(£45)
Diana and Callisto TitianDianaCallistoEdinburgh.jpg Titian 1556–1559 March 2, 2012 37 Duke of Sutherland National Galleries of Scotland & National Gallery, London Private sale[58]
$70.4 $47.5 Peasant Woman Against a Background of Wheat Vincent Willem van Gogh 097.jpg Vincent van Gogh 1890 1997 11 Steve Wynn[note 16] Private sale via Acquavella Galleries Inc., New York[60]
$70.0 $49.5 Femme assise dans un jardin Pablo Picasso 1938 November 10, 1999 15 Robert Saidenberg[61] Sotheby's, New York
$69.6 $69.6 Untitled Cy Twombly 1970 November 12, 2014 51 Nicola del Roscio [45] Christie's, New York [62]
$69.6 $69.6 Four Marlons Andy Warhol 1966 November 12, 2014 51 WestSpiel Casino Company [45] Christie's, New York [63]
$69.0 $65.5
(¥425.5)
Eagle Standing on Pine Tree[64] Qi Baishi 1946 May 22, 2011 38 Liu Yiqian Hunan TV & Broadcast Intermediary Co[65] China Guardian Auctions
$68.9 $63.4 Men in Her Life Andy Warhol 1962 November 8, 2010 37 Jose Mugrabi Phillips de Pury & Company[66]
$67.7 $35.2 Portrait of a Halberdier Pontormo (Jacopo Carucci) (Italian, Florentine) - Portrait of a Halberdier (Francesco Guardi?) - Google Art Project.jpg Pontormo 1537 May 31, 1989 5 Chauncey Devereaux Stillman Getty Museum Christie's, New York
$67.2 $60.0 Suprematist Composition Suprematist Composition - Kazimir Malevich.jpg Kazimir Malevich 1916 November 3, 2008 34 Heirs of Kazimir Malevich Sotheby's, New York[67]
$66.3 $66.2 Untitled Mark Rothko 1952 May 13, 2014 54 Private Collection Anonymous Christie's, New York[41]
$65.5 $62.1
(¥402.5)
Zhichuan Resettlement[68] ZhichuanResettlement.jpg Wang Meng 1350 June 4, 2011 42 Beijing Poly Auction
$65.1 $65.1 Spring (Le Printemps) Edouard Manet 023.jpg Édouard Manet 1881 November 5, 2014 56 Getty Museum Christie's, New York[69]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Using the U.S. Department Of Labor's September 2014 historical consumer price index table (Table 24 in the pdf file), representing the U.S. city average for all urban consumers. The average between 1982 and 1984 is set to 100; the CPI-U for September 2014 was 238.031
  2. ^ Exact price (even the currency of sale) is not known, with estimates from $259 million to even $300 million
  3. ^ Reportedly, Gachet's portrait was privately resold to a European buyer in 1997 or 1998 for $65-$90 million through Sotheby’s[12][13]
  4. ^ This is the small version of the painting; the large version is at Musée d'Orsay.
  5. ^ Privately resold for ca. $50 million through Sotheby’s in 1997[13]
  6. ^ One of two pastel versions; another two painted versions (and lithography) exist, all created by Munch
  7. ^ Most expensive painting by a living artist
  8. ^ The paintings transferred to the dealers include a late Monet entitled Corona (Water Lilies) from around 1920; Renoir's Reclining Nude of 1902, Kandinsky's Autumn Landscape, Murnau from 1908, and Picasso's Striped Bodice from September 1943.
  9. ^ Alan Bond could not pay off the painting, and Irises was resold (probably for somewhat less) to the Getty Museum.
  10. ^ Later in 2002, Thomson donated his private collection, including the Rubens, to the Art Gallery of Ontario[29]
  11. ^ Annenberg donated it subsequently to the Metropolitan Museum of Art
  12. ^ Steve Wynn, who bid on the painting at auction, privately acquired the work several months later from the unidentified buyer for an undisclosed, supposedly lower price. Kenneth Griffin acquired it in 2004 from Wynn.[40]
  13. ^ Usually estimated at "over €50 M" or "between 50 and 60 million Euros". $75M would have been €53M on July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ resold for £12m to Stavros Niarchos in 1993
  15. ^ A Belgian banker and collector who bought it in 1939 for $18,000. His was the last name on the 1988 provenance list; painting came from "a private collection in Arizona"
  16. ^ On Oct. 7, 2005, The New York Times reported that Steven Cohen bought van Gogh's "Peasant Woman Against a Background of Wheat" and Gauguin's "Bathers" (1903) from Steve Wynn for approximately $110 million,[59] though guesses range from $100-150 million. One or both of the paintings may thus occur higher on this list.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Art Media Agency (AMA), 250 M$, a new record for a painting?, 4 May 2011
  2. ^ a b Stefan Koldehoff, Welt-online: Das Rätsel vom teuersten Bild aller Zeiten, 31 July 2011 (already mentions Qatar as most likely buyer)
  3. ^ a b Peers, Alexandra (January 2012). "Qatar Purchases Cézanne’s The Card Players for More Than $250 Million, Highest Price Ever for a Work of Art". QuatarSale. Retrieved 2012-02-03. 
  4. ^ "Six Ways to Compute the Relative Value of a U.S. Dollar Amount, 1790 to Present". Measuring Worth. Retrieved 12 November 2014. 
  5. ^ William Wilson, Getty Pays $10.5 Million For Painting, New York Times, April 19, 1985
  6. ^ Nick Bilton, "For Founders to Decorators, Facebook Riches," The New York Times, 1/1/12.
  7. ^ "The Red Vineyard Painting at annaboch.com". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  8. ^ Carol Vogel, A Pollock Is Sold, Possibly for a Record Price, New York Times, November 2, 2006
  9. ^ Carol Vogel, Landmark De Kooning Crowns Collection, New York Times, November 18, 2006
  10. ^ Carol Vogel & Peter Lattman, $616 Million Poorer, Hedge Fund Owner Still Buys Art, New York Times, March 26, 2013
  11. ^ Carol Vogel, Lauder Pays $135 Million, a Record, for a Klimt Portrait, New York Times, June 19, 2006
  12. ^ "ARTnews: The Most Wanted Works of Art". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "artnet: the silent boom". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  14. ^ Carol Vogel, Buyer of $142.4 Million Bacon Triptych Identified as Elaine Wynn, New York Times, January 15, 2014
  15. ^ Vogel, Carol (November 12, 2013). "Bacon's Study of Freud Sells for $142.4 Million". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  16. ^ Claire Foy-Smith, Who buys paintings for $104m?, BBC News Online, 6 May 2004
  17. ^ Lot description and auction details of "Garçon à la pipe" at Sotheby's website.
  18. ^ Kelly Crow, An Art Mystery Solved: Mogul Is 'Scream' Buyer, The Wall Street Journal, July 11, 2012
  19. ^ The New York Times Planting a Johns ‘Flag’ in a Private Collection
  20. ^ Picasso piece sets record for art sold at auction, Reuters, May 5, 2010
  21. ^ Kimmelman, Michael: How the MoMA got the Van Gogh, New York Times, 09 October 1989.
  22. ^ Marc Spiegler, he Hunt for the Red Collector, New York Magazine, 22 August 2006.
  23. ^ Lot description and auction details of "Dora Maar au Chat" at Sotheby's website.
  24. ^ The Pop master's highs and lows, The Economist, 26 November 2009.
  25. ^ DIC Sells 'Anna's Light' Painting For Y10.3bn Gain
  26. ^ Barnett Newman "Anna's Light" (Japanese)
  27. ^ Regarding extraordinary profit associated with the sale of a certain painting owned by the company and revision of its consolidated operating result forecast
  28. ^ Silver Car Crash auction results at Sotheby's
  29. ^ Mr. Kenneth Thomson’s gift to the AGO of his art collection -- the most significant private art collection in Canada – will add 2,000 outstanding works to the Art Gallery of Ontario, archived from the original on 2006-10-08, retrieved 2013-09-02 
  30. ^ Wine Spectator Online: Unfiltered (21 May 2008). "Château Pétrus Makes a Record-Breaking Sale—of Art". 
  31. ^ Cristina Ruiz and Sarah Thornton Roman Abramovich brings home the $86.3m Bacon and the $33.6m Freud, The Art Newspaper, 1 June 2008
  32. ^ Lot description and auction details of "Triptych, 1976" at Sotheby's website.
  33. ^ a b Carol Vogel, Works by Johns and de Kooning Sell for $143.5 Million, The New york Times, October 12, 2006
  34. ^ Judd Tully, Auction; `Blue' Picasso Breaks Record at $51.7 Million, The Washington Post, Dec 1, 1989
  35. ^ Carol Vogel, Inside Art: Buying a Warhol 'Marilyn', New York Times, 25 May 2007
  36. ^ The Getty secures masterpiece portrait by Titian, a November 24, 2003 press release by the Getty Museum
  37. ^ Will Bennett, The $70 million soldier, The Daily Telegraph, 23 February 2004
  38. ^ Mark Rothko painting sets post-war auction record, The Daily Telegraph, 9 May 2012
  39. ^ Lot description and auction details of "Le bassin aux nymphéas" at Christie's website
  40. ^ "ARTnews: Cohen Buys Two Works from Wynn in $120M Deal". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  41. ^ a b c "Post-War and Contemporary Evening Sale - Fine Art Auction - Search Results - Christie's". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  42. ^ Thornton, Sarah; Adam, Georgina (May 4, 2008). "Revealed: $72.8m Rockefeller Rothko has gone to Qatar". The Art Newspaper. 
  43. ^ Lot description and auction details of "White Center" at Sotheby's website.
  44. ^ Lot description and auction details of "Green Car Crash" at Christie's website
  45. ^ a b c Carol Vogel, A Warhol Leads a Night of Soaring Prices at Christie’s, New York Times Nov 13, 2014
  46. ^ Andy Warhol's "Triple Elvis" auction results at Christie's
  47. ^ Farah Nayeri, U.K. Buys Titian Diana Painting for 50 Million Pounds, Bloomberg, February 2, 2009
  48. ^ Mike Wade, Titian deal paves way for next acquisition, The Sunday Times, 2 February 2009
  49. ^ Funds secured for Titian painting, BBC News, 2 February 2009
  50. ^ Reyburn, Scott. Recently Attributed Leonardo Painting Was Sold Privately for Over $75 Million. New York Times. 3 March 2014. [1]
  51. ^ Greatest German Renaissance Madonna sold by prince, The Art Newspaper, July 15, 2011
  52. ^ Salisbury, Stephan (November 14, 2006), A divisive deal, The Philadelphia Inquirer
  53. ^ No. 1 (Royal Red and Blue at Sotheby's
  54. ^ Lot description and auction details of "Femme aux bras croisés" at Christie's website
  55. ^ Kelly Crow, Sotheby's Sells $68.9 Million Modigliani, Wall Street Journal, November 3, 2010
  56. ^ "Nu assis sur un divan auction details at Sotheby's". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  57. ^ "Willem de Kooning". Twcdc.com. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  58. ^ Pauline McLean BBC Scotland arts correspondent. "Titian masterpiece Diana and Callisto saved for nation". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  59. ^ "sGallery: A Gauguin and a van Gogh Change Hands". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  60. ^ Carol Vogel, A Gauguin and a van Gogh Change Hands, New York Times, Oct 7, 2005
  61. ^ Carter B. Horsley, The Collection of Eleanore and Daniel Saidenberg
  62. ^ Cy Twombly's Untitled auction results at Christie's
  63. ^ Andy Warhol's "Four Marlons" auction results at Christie's
  64. ^ "China auction sees Qi Baishi painting sell for $65m". BBC News. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  65. ^ "The buyer of 422.5 Million Qi Baishi painting revealed". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  66. ^ Carol Vogel, Auction Records Fall at Phillips’s Sale of Contemporary Masters, NY Times, November 10, 2010
  67. ^ Lot description and auction details of "Suprematist Composition" at Sotheby's website.
  68. ^ 吴南岚. "Wang Meng painting auction for $62 million". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  69. ^ Craig Nakano, Getty breaks record with $65.1-million purchase of Manet's 'Spring', LA Times, November 5, 2014

External links[edit]