Experience Corps

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AARP Experience Corps is a nonprofit organization that engages adults 50 and older as literacy tutors for struggling students in public schools. Currently, Experience Corps has 2,000 volunteer members working in schools in 20 cities around the country. Experience Corps members work primarily as in-class reading tutors for elementary school students in kindergarten through third grade.

AARP Experience Corps is a network of branches and affiliates, with affiliates being local community organizations which implement the program with the support of the Experience Corps national office. Experience Corps volunteer members serve from 4 to 15 hours per week in the classroom, coaching and encouraging children who are not reading at grade level.

Research[edit]

Research shows that AARP Experience Corps boosts student academic performance, helps schools and youth-serving organizations become more successful, strengthens ties between these institutions and surrounding neighborhoods, and enhances the well-being of the volunteers in the process.[citation needed]

Johns Hopkins University studies have linked the Experience Corps program with improved health among participants. They found that older adults who volunteer in urban schools not only improve the educational experience of children, but realize meaningful improvements in their own mental and physical health. Additionally, surveys of urban principals have shown that they welcome Experience Corps in their schools because the program results in improved student academic achievement.

Beginnings[edit]

Experience Corps had its beginnings in a 1988 concept paper[1] by John W. Gardner, former Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and founder of Common Cause. Gardner's idea was to create a new institution that would mobilize the time, talent, and experience of older Americans to revitalize their communities. He called it Experience Corps and later would become advisory board chair for the program's pilot project.

Gardner's notion became reality some seven years later with the launch of an Experience Corps pilot project. The Experience Corps pilot was designed in 1993–1995 by Dr. Linda Fried and Marc Freedman. In developing the program, they drew upon volunteering best practices and scientific evidence for the effective health promotion for older adults.[2] Public/Private Ventures (P/PV), a nonprofit organization that develops innovative strategies to help disadvantaged children, served as the managing partner for this effort, working in close collaboration with the National Senior Service Corps of the Corporation for National Service (CNS) and researchers from Johns Hopkins University.

After a planning and start-up phase that began in summer 1995, an 18-month pilot was conducted in 12 schools in Philadelphia; the South Bronx; Minneapolis; Portland, Oregon; and Port Arthur, Texas. The first Experience Corps volunteers began participating in early 1996. Each of the five pilot projects were sponsored by a lead agency in those cities, either a Foster Grandparents or RSVP program in every case. The projects agreed to place teams of 15 half-time Experience Corps members in some of the neediest inner-city elementary schools in their communities. In return, each project received $175,000 for the two-year period to plan, develop, and implement Experience Corps in their city.

Expansion[edit]

Beginning in 1997-98, after the two-year pilot, the Corporation for National and Community Service provided additional funding for an expansion of Experience Corps (called the Seniors for Schools initiative). This new round of activity brought with it two key changes from the pilot phase. First, non-stipended opportunities were added for volunteers to serve on a less intensive basis than the 15-hour-a-week positions that were at the core of the program. As a result, an older person interested in becoming part of Experience Corps was provided greater choice in selecting a role within the program. Second, the program moved more significantly toward a focus on improving reading for low-income students in kindergarten through third grade. The Seniors for Schools program included the original five Experience Corps pilot projects and expanded to include projects in Boston; Cleveland; Kansas City, Missouri; and Leesburg, Florida.

Meanwhile, in January 1998 Public/Private Ventures helped spin off Encore.org (known as Civic Ventures at the time) as a new nonprofit organization to focus specifically on developing Experience Corps, and more broadly on creating new civic roles for Americans 50-plus in our society. Encore.org quickly raised funds to further expand Experience Corps, including two ongoing demonstration projects: One initiative adapted the in-school Experience Corps model to the non-school hours, working in YMCAs, Boys and Girls Clubs, and other community youth organizations. The second tested the use of seed grants to expand the elementary school model to new cities, including San Francisco; Washington, D.C.; Indianapolis; Phoenix; and Durham, North Carolina. Since 1999, two additional Experience Corps projects, focused on the in-school model, began operating in Baltimore (through Johns Hopkins Center on Aging and Health) and New York City (through United Neighborhood Houses).

In late 2011, Experience Corps joined forces with AARP. The intergenerational approach to addressing educational challenges makes the program a good fit for motivated boomers and x'ers who are drawn to volunteering for children.

Additional information[edit]

  1. Experience Corps website
  2. Encore.org website
  3. Research on Experience Corps's effectiveness
  4. Website for Generations Incorporated, Boston affiliate of ExperienceCorps

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Garnder's vision statement from Experience Corps website
  2. ^ Experience Corps: Design of an Intergenerational Program to Boost Social Capital and Promote the Health of an Aging Society, Glass et al