Expo 67 pavilions
The Expo 67 International and Universal Exposition featured 90 pavilions representing Man and His World, on a theme derived from Terre des Hommes, written by the famous French pilot Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.
The exposition displayed many nations, corporations, industries, technologies, social themes, religions and designs, including the U.S. pavilion, a geodesic dome designed by Buckminster Fuller. Expo 67 also featured Habitat 67, an urban modular housing complex designed by architect Moshe Safdie, whose units were purchased by private Montrealers after the fair was concluded, and is still occupied today.
The most popular display of the exposition was the soaring Soviet Union pavilion which attracted about 13 million visitors. Rounding out the top five pavilions (by attendance) were: Canada (11 million visitors), the United States (9 million), France (8.5 million), and Czechoslovakia (8 million).
The participating countries were:
- Africa: Algeria, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Morocco, Mauritius, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, and Upper Volta;
- Asia: Burma, Ceylon, China (Taiwan), Korea, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, Thailand and the United Arab Republic;
- Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Monaco, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, the USSR, and Yugoslavia;
- South America & Caribbean: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela;
- North America: Canada, Mexico, and the United States.
Absent countries included the People's Republic of China, Spain, South Africa (banned from BIE-sanctioned events due to its apartheid policy), and many countries of South America.
(From the Official Guide of Expo 67)
- Canadian Pavilion - The distinctive building in the form of a large inverted pyramid called the Katimavik, which is the Inuit word for "Gathering Place". The pavilion was located on a 30,285 sq metre lot and designed by Roderick Robbie, Colin Vaughan, Paul Schoeler and Matt Stankiewicz, with consulting architects Evans St. Gelais and Arthur Erickson. The major attractions in the building included a rotating cinema.
- Africa Place- Countries represented: Cameroon; Chad; Democratic Republic of Congo; Gabon; Ghana; Ivory Coast; Kenya; Madagascar; Niger; Rwanda; Senegal; Tanzania;Uganda.
- Arab Countries - Countries represented: Algeria; Kuwait; Morocco; United Arab Republic(Egypt).
- Australia - Australia's Pavilion featured a large lounge area with prominent Australian oil paintings and seat-activated audio chairs that gave commentary in either French or English on a variety of Australian topics. There was also a static tropical coral display representing the Great Barrier Reef, and a kangaroo enclosure.
- Czechoslovakia - featuring the world's first interactive movie, Kinoautomat, directed by Radúz Činčera.
- European Community
- Guyane - Barbados
- Israel by Arieh Sharon
- Scandinavia- Countries represented: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Norway; Sweden.
- Trinidad and Tobago
- Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Pavilion(USSR) - now stands at the All-Russia Exhibition Centre in Moscow.
- United States of America Pavilion - designed by Buckminster Fuller, the pavilion was one of the most popular with over 5 million visits. The building was distinguished by its large 20 story geodesic dome with an acrylic skin (which caught fire and melted away in 1976). The site minirail train passed through the building. Designed by Cambridge Seven Associates, the six levels of exhibits, connected by escalators, were based on the theme of: "Creative America - the positive use of creative energy". The exhibits included everything from American Folk Art and Elvis Presley's guitar to NASA’s Apollo Space Capsule and Lunar Excursion Module. But not everyone liked the pavilion including U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson who (after a brief visit) was alleged to have said "the homosexuals have had carte blanche!" in reference to the design and content of the displays.
- West Germany (FRG) - Designed by Frei Otto, who also worked on the design of the Japanese Pavilion at Expo 2000
(From the Official Guide of Expo 67)
- Man the explorer - Man and Life; Man his Planet and Space; Man and the Oceans; man and the Polar Regions; Man and his Health.
- Man the producer - Resources for Man; Man in Control.
- Man and the creator - The Gallery of Fine Arts; Contemporary Sculpture; Industrial Design; Photography.
- Man in the community - Seven displays relating Man to the urban life and his interdependence on others.
- Man the provider - Agriculture.
- Labyrinth - A pavilion of functional architecture designed for the presentation of the multi-screen film In the Labyrinth.
- Habitat 67 - A novel construction project related to Man's housing needs.
- Air Canada
- Alcan Aquarium
- Bell Telephone Pavilion, also known as the Telephone Pavilion: The pavilion's feature attraction was the exciting Walt Disney Imagineering Circle-Vision 360° documentary film Canada '67. From the Expo '67 Guide Book: "You're on centre stage for the RCMP Musical Ride... on centre ice for hockey... on the track at the Stampede! CIRCLE-VISION 360° surrounds you with all the fun and excitement of Canada's most thrilling events and its scenic beauty. And then, take your children to the Enchanted Forest... see exciting new communication services for the future... all in the Telephone Pavilion!" The pavilion also offered many of the public their first look at AT&T's state-of-the-art videophone called the Picturephone, the product of US$500 Million of research and development.
- Boy Scouts Pavilion
- Brewers Pavilion
- Canadian Nation Railway Pavilion
- Canadian Pacific - Cominco Pavilion
- Canadian Pulp and Paper Pavilion - 44 stylized tree tops created the unique roof, the tallest tree reaching 8 stories. Out front guests were greeted by a stylized sculpture of a roll of paper being unwound. The sculpture had the attached meaning of: "(paper) the principal tool Man uses to record his thoughts". The trees were constructed with tongue and groove Douglas fir plywood (19 mm) over a steel frame. All of the trees had the same 4.9 m² base, but the height varied from 5 to 18 m. The plywood was coated with various shades of green epoxy paints. Over 9,300 m² of plywood was used to build the roof.
- Chatelaine Magazine House
- Economic Progress Pavilion
- Christian Pavilion
- European Community Pavilion
- Hospitality Pavilion
- Indians of Canada - A pavilion devoted to the aboriginals of Canada. It was one of the most controversial buildings as it included photos and works of art that depicted the difficulties faced by Aboriginals in Canada (such as on reserves, and issues raised with the use of Residential schools). It showcased the plight of natives before and after the arrival of Europeans, and explained at length how European settlers needed the aid of aboriginals in order to survive the harsh winters in Canada.
- Judaism Pavilion
- Kaleidescope Pavilion
- Kodak Pavilion
- OEDC Pavilion
- Olympic House
- Place des Nations
- Polymer Pavilion
- Sermons from Science Pavilion
- United Nations Pavilion
Provincial and state pavilions
- Atlantic Provinces: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland shared the same pavilion building.
- New York State
- Ontario: The fabric-roofed pavilion contained 16 bilingual exhibits, a 570-seat circular theatre with a 66 by 30 feet (20.1 m × 9.1 m) screen which played the 17-minute film A Place to Stand, which premiered the highly influential multi-dynamic image technique, and a large restaurant complex. The movie included the song "A Place to Stand, A Place to Grow", which became the unofficial theme song for the province. It was designed by Macy DuBois, who also worked with landscape architect Dick Strong on pavilion landscaping, featuring massive granite blocks.
- Quebec, designed by Papineau, Gérin-Lajoie, Le Blanc architectes.
- Western Provinces: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan all shared the same building space.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Expo 1967.|
- Expo 67
- Expo 67 (opening week)
- List of world's fairs
- Montreal Expo Express, a mass transit rail system built exclusively to service Expo 67 from Place d'Acceul on la Cité du Havre to Île Notre-Dame.
- A Place to Stand, A Place to Grow
- A Centennial Song
- 1967 in Canada
- 1976 Summer Olympics, also held in Montreal, using part of the Expo 67 site.
- Expo '86, held in Vancouver
- Ontario Place, a Toronto park created in the 1970s to mimic Expo 67.
- Canadian National Exhibition and the Pacific National Exhibition, held annually
- "USSR, Canada, Biggest Attractions". Canadian Press. 1967-10-30.
- Expo guide book, p. 178
- Michael McClelland & Graeme Stewart, ed. (26 October 2007). Concrete Toronto: A Guide to Concrete Architecture from the Fifties to the Seventies. Coach House Books. pp. 107–109. ISBN 978-1-55245-193-9.
- "Papineau Gérin-Lajoie Le Blanc". Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- Berton, Pierre (1997). 1967: The Last Good Year. Toronto: Doubleday Canada Limited. ISBN 0-385-25662-0.
- Brown, Kingsley (November 5, 1963). "Building the World's Fair". Did You Know. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- CBC Digital Archives - Expo 67: Montreal Welcomes the World
- Expo 67 - A Virtual Experience, from the website of Library and Archives Canada
- Historica Minutes TV Commercial Canadian Heritage
- Australia Pavilion at Montreal Expo '67 Multimedia Gallery
- Overview of Expo 67 pavilions by author Jeffrey Stanton
- "THE" site on the Expo 67 A lot of documentation and a slideshow with over 70 photos
- Expo 67 - In pictures, from the website of SORELLARIUM : 13
- Expo 67 in Montreal
- Expo 67 postcard gallery
- Expo 67 in photos - www.worldsfairphotos.com
- Usage of wood at Expo 67
- The Films of Expo 67, from Time magazine
- Canadian Film Encyclopedia: Films at Expo 67
- "Expo 67 saw ‘the world coming to us, in a joyous fashion'". Globe and Mail. 2007-04-26.