Expo Express

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Expo Express
Expo 67 logo.svg
Front of Expo Express train edit.JPG
Front view of Expo Express train at Place d'Accueil terminal.
Overview
Type Rapid Transit
Status Closed
Locale Montreal, Québec
Termini Cité du Havre/Place d’Accueil
La Ronde
Stations 6
Operation
Opening April 1967
Closed October 1972
Owner Expo 67/City of Montreal
Rolling stock Hawker Siddeley H1 variant
Technical
Line length 5.7 km (3.5 mi)
Track gauge 4 ft 10 78 in (1,495 mm)
Electrification Third rail 600 V DC
Route map
Cité du Havre/Place d’Accueil
closed
1968
Habitat 67
closed
1968
Saint Lawrence River
Île Sainte-Hélène
Le Moyne Channel
Île Notre Dame
L’homme et l’agriculture
opened
1968
Le Moyne Channel
La Ronde
Maintenance centre

The Expo Express was a rapid transit system consisting of five stations and a 5.7-kilometre (3.5 mi) route. Built for Montreal’s Expo 67 and costing around CAD$18 million, the trains carried 1,000 passengers each and ran approximately every five minutes.

After Expo 67 closed, the cars were sold to the City of Montreal and remained in service for four more years on a shortened route between Île-Notre-Dame and La Ronde. After the 1972 season the service was withdrawn.

Vehicles[edit]

Interior of Expo Express train looking toward front.
Interior of Expo Express train looking toward rear of car.

Not to be confused with the Minirail monorail which ran within the perimeters of the Expo Site, the Expo Express used standard railway technology, with two running rails and a third electrified rail identical to those of the Toronto subway.

The Expo Express was the first fully automated rapid transit system in North America, utilizing an Automatic Train Operation (ATO) system based on audio frequency track circuits furnished by the Union Switch & Signal division of Westinghouse Air Brake Company (WABCO). This fact, however, was not widely publicized during the fair, as it was felt the public would not readily board a train controlled entirely by a computer. Operators from Montreal's transit union were placed in cabs at the front and given mundane tasks such as opening and closing the doors of the train to reduce boredom.

This actually resulted in a minor incident during the fair, at La Ronde station. The conductor had pressed the button to close the doors and proceed, but his train had already sensed an oncoming express from Ile Notre Dame and automatically delayed the go command to let it roll in. In the meantime, the driver realized he had forgotten his lunch. However, he could not exit though the passenger doors because his train was in a "wait" state and would not allow the doors to open. Instead, he crawled through the small cab window. By the time he had fetched his lunch, however, the oncoming train had pulled in and his train had taken off on its own. It crossed the bridge over the Le Moyne Channel, proceeded along the seaway, and came to a smooth stop at Île-Notre-Dame station where an Expo official was waiting. This person crawled back through the cab window and pressed the button to open the doors and let the passengers disembark.[citation needed]

The Expo Express ran from April 1967 to October 1972 (the last year Man and his World Notre-Dame island was opened to the public) and was then mothballed and stored on Île-Notre-Dame with a few trainsets in a shed adjacent to the LaRonde amusement park until the summer of 1979, when they were moved out to the Port of Montréal by building a temporary track where the line to Cité du Havre used to be.

The trains used were a modified version of the Hawker Siddeley H-series used by the Toronto Transit Commission with one fewer door on each side, and streamlined ends.

In 1968 the New York City Transit Authority looked into the feasibility of modifying the cars for use on the Staten Island Railway, but this plan never came to fruition. [1] After several other abortive schemes to re-use the cars, they were moved from the Port of Montreal to a storage facility in Les Cèdres in the late 1980s, and were finally cut up for scrap in the mid-1990s.

Although the Expo Express used traditional steel-wheeled trains, Montréal's Métro system did not. Rubber-tired trains based on technology developed by the Paris Métro, were selected instead: the Canadian Vickers MR-63 (and later Bombardier Transportation's MR-73) train.

The line[edit]

Model board at Expo Express control center at Place d' Accueil terminal showing line layout.
Control console at Expo Express control center at Place d' Accueil terminal.

The line was double-track throughout, except for a single-track section at Cité du Havre, where people exited on one side of the train and boarded on the other.

When the terminus was cut back to Île Sainte-Hélène in 1968, it was single-tracked as well.

The line was dismantled north of Île-Notre-Dame in 1974 for the construction of the Olympic basin; rolling stock was moved between Île-Notre-Dame and Île-Sainte-Hélène and stored there until 1979.

Maintenance facilities were located northwest of La Ronde station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Klauder, Louis T. (July 1968), Report to the City of New York Transportation Administration on the Feasibility of the Purchase of the Expo Express Transit Cars for use on the Staten Island Rapid Transit Railway (Consulting Engineers' Report), Philadelphia PA, retrieved 22 January 2013 

External links[edit]