Exposition Universelle (1855)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
EXPO Paris 1855
Palaisext2.jpg
Palais d'Industrie
Overview
BIE-class Universal exposition
Category Historical
Name Exposition Universelle des produits de l'Agriculture, de l'Industrie et des Beaux-Arts de Paris 1855
Building Palais de l'Industrie
Area 16 ha
Visitors 5,162,330
Participant(s)
Countries 34
Location
Country France
City Paris
Venue Jardins des Champs Elysees
Coordinates 48°52′0″N 2°18′47″E / 48.86667°N 2.31306°E / 48.86667; 2.31306
Timeline
Opening 15 May 1855 (1855-05-15)
Closure 15 November 1851 (1851-11-15)
Universal expositions
Previous The Great Exhibition in London
Next 1862 International Exhibition in London

The Exposition Universelle of 1855 was an International Exhibition held on the Champs-Elysées in Paris from 15 May to 15 November 1855. Its full official title was the Exposition Universelle des produits de l'Agriculture, de l'Industrie et des Beaux-Arts de Paris 1855.[1] Today the exposition's sole physical remnant is the Théâtre du Rond-Point des Champs-Élysées designed by architect Gabriel Davioud, which originally housed the Panorama National.

History[edit]

The exposition was a major event in France, then newly under the reign of Emperor Napoleon III.[2] It followed London's Great Exhibition of 1851 and attempted to surpass that fair's The Crystal Palace with its own Palais de l'Industrie. The industrial and art exhibits shown on this occasion were considered superior to those of all previous exhibitions.[citation needed]

According to its official report, 5,162,330 visitors attended the exposition, of which about 4.2 million entered the industrial exposition, and 0.9 million entered the Beaux Arts exposition.[citation needed] Expenses amounted to upward of $5,000,000, while receipts were scarcely one-tenth of that amount. The exposition covered 16 hectares (40 acres) with 34 countries participating.

For the exposition, Napoleon III requested a classification system for France's best Bordeaux wines which were to be on display for visitors from around the world. Brokers from the wine industry ranked the wines according to a château's reputation and trading price, which at that time was directly related to quality. The result was the important Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Exposition Universelle. "1855, exposition universelle des produits de l'agriculture, de l'industrie et des beaux-arts.". Exposition Universelle. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Art Nouveau. "L' Exposition Universelle de 1855 à Paris". L'art nouveau. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 

External links[edit]