||The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (November 2009)|
In most postal systems express mail refers to an accelerated delivery service for which the customer pays a surcharge and receives faster delivery. Express mail is a service for domestic and international mail and is in most countries governed by a country's own postal administration. Since 1998 the international accelerated delivery services are governed by the EMS Cooperative.
- 1 Express Mail Service and the EMS Cooperative
- 2 EMS Cooperative members
- 3 Express Mail in the United States and Express Mail International
- 4 Other express mail providers
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Express Mail Service and the EMS Cooperative
Express Mail Service (EMS) is an international express postal service offered by postal-administration members of the Universal Postal Union (UPU). These administrators created the EMS Cooperative in 1998 within the framework of the UPU to promote the harmonization and development of postal services worldwide. As of July 2006, EMS is offered by 154 of the 191 UPU member countries' postal authorities as part of their normal postal services. Seven additional countries have arrangements to deliver EMS items.
An independent auditor measures the express delivery performance of all international EMS operators. EMS Performance Awards are based on postal operator's performance, including service performance and tracking. Gold, Silver, or Bronze certificate are awarded to EMS Cooperative members depending on their yearly performance. These EMS award winners are recorded in the EMS Cooperative's Hall of Fame.
EMS Cooperative members
Since its creation, 169 postal administrations have joined the EMS Cooperative, representing over 82% of EMS operators worldwide.
* Provisional member
Express Mail in the United States and Express Mail International
The United States Postal Service (USPS) provides Express Mail for domestic U.S. delivery, and offers two Express Mail services, although only one of them is part of the EMS standard. One is simply called Express Mail International and the other service is called Global Express Guaranteed(GXG). The latter having no relation whatsoever to "EMS" International service as provided by the EMS Cooperative.
The USPS Global Express Guaranteed (GXG), by which USPS offices act as drop locations for international packages which are then handled by FedEx international delivery network. It should be noted that in some countries, import rules for packages received by courier services have different tax brackets and duties than parcels received on the postal system, and thus  EMS service (Express Mail International) is preferred over FedEx's co-branded Global Express Guaranteed.
These two USPS International Mail terms, Express Mail International and Global Express Guaranteed are often confused with their domestic service called Express Mail, which is a specific classification of mail for domestic accelerated postal delivery within the U.S.
||The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (December 2010)|
Special Delivery, a domestic accelerated delivery service, was introduced on 3 March 1885 initially with a fee of 10¢ paid by a Special Delivery stamp. It has been transformed into Express Mail, which was introduced in 1977 after an experimental period that started in 1970, though Special Delivery was not terminated until June 8, 1997.
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Modern USPS Domestic Delivery Express Mail And International Express Mail Delivery
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Express Mail is an accelerated domestic mail delivery service operated by the United States Postal Service. It is able to provide overnight delivery to most locations within the continental United States and guaranteed delivery within 2 days. Unlike most other USPS delivery options which provide only delivery confirmation, Express Mail provides accurate, up-to-date tracking information, and insurance up to $100. Items shipped using this service can be delivered within the 48 contiguous United States and the Washington, D.C. within 1 to 2 business days. Packages sent to Canada, Mexico, Alaska, and Hawaii frequently require up to 2 additional business days.
Express Mail deliver 365 days a year, including Saturdays, Sundays, and federal holidays. Sunday/Holiday incurs a charge of $12.50 in addition to standard rate. Unlike Priority Mail and First Class Mail, USPS provides real-time tracking information online and by phone for Express Mail shipments.
Global Express Guaranteed(GXG) service is an international expedited delivery service provided through an alliance with FedEx Corporation. It provides reliable, high–speed, guaranteed, and time–definite service from selected Post Office facilities in the United States to a large number of international destinations. (See Countries and Cities Served Section of Publication 141, Global Express Guaranteed Service Guide, for destination service commitments.) Global Express Guaranteed delivery service is guaranteed to meet the specified service standards or the postage paid may be refunded. For almost all network destinations, liability insurance is provided for lost or damaged shipments.
Other private express carriers guarantee overnight or 2-day delivery by as early as 8:30 or 10:30 AM. Express Mail also conveys other benefits under specific circumstances; U.S. patent applications and related documents transmitted to the United States Patent and Trademark Office via USPS Express Mail carry the postmark date as the date of patent priority, so long as each document is mailed along with a signed certificate of mailing bearing the Express Mail tracking number of the mailing label.
Other express mail providers
Many transportation logistics firms offer similar accelerated services. UPS, DHL and FedEx are the most popular alternatives. Those carriers offer even faster delivery with their early morning delivery services.
-  (retrieved March 1, 2010)
- EMS Hall of Fame (retrieved March 1, 2010)
- Members of the EMS Cooperative (retrieved December 16, 2011)
- Express Mail International International Mail Manual – Issue 35 (retrieved April 10, 2008)
- USPS Global Express Guaranteed International Mail Manual – Issue 35 (retrieved April 10, 2008)
-  is a co-branded service, part of an agreement between the USPS and FedEx
- Why can't Amazon.com ship by USPS EMS?>
- "Significant Dates in Postal History". Postal History. USPS. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
- "U.S. Postal Service – Summary statistics – USA Census numbers". allcountries.org. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
- "EM Sunday Holiday Premium". USPS. Retrieved 2012-03-23.
- EMS, Express Mail Service, Cooperative website
- UPU, Universal Postal Union, EMS webpage
- USPS domestic Express Mail service
- What is EMS?
- EMS Track and Trace