Expressways of Beijing

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The Jingcheng Expressway near Gaoliying (July 2004 image)
The Jingha Expressway (July 2004 image)
The Jingshi Expressway (July 2004 image)
The Airport Expressway near the toll gate (July 2004 image)
The Jingkai Expressway near the Southern 4th Ring Road (October 2004 image)

Beijing was first linked to outside areas by the Jingshi Expressway in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Now, nine expressways link Beijing, and more are to come.

History[edit]

When the Airport Expressway and the Jingjintang Expressway opened, Beijing was already been griped by "expressway fever".[citation needed] Out in the far eastern part of town lay a nearly universally neglected Jingha Expressway; only with the construction of the Jingtong Expressway in the mid-1990s did the Jingha Expressway get more recognition. It still is too far out of central Beijing to be recognised as an important express roadway.

By the People's Republic of China's 50th anniversary, however, expressways were closing on into Beijing. One by one, the Badaling Expressway, Jingshen Expressway and (in 2000) the Jingkai Expressway locked in onto central Beijing as a target. Beijing was now encompassed with eight expressways.

In 2001, a new northern gate burst open, forming the Jingcheng Expressway. The northeastern and southeastern parts are ready to accommodate two more expressways (the Jingping/Jingji and Northern Jingji Expressways, respectively).

Development[edit]

Four years before 2008, the municipal government came out with a plan to complete up to 890 km (550 mi) of expressways (277 km (172 mi) alone in 2006). By 2006, the massive 6th Ring Road would be completed. Also in that year, a major batch of expressways would be completed.

The web of expressways around Beijing would amount to as many as 15 expressways (Jingping/Jingji, Northern Jingjin, Southern Jingjin, 2nd Airport Expressway, Northern Airport Expressway and Litian Expressway, plus the nine expressways of today). Of these, 11 would radiate from central Beijing.

Grander plans[edit]

In early January 2005, mainland authorities revealed an even grander plan for seven national expressways originating from Beijing. Amongst those included an expressway bound straight for Taiwan.

The expressways include:

After the "Three Links" come into effect, the projected 85,000 km (53,000 mi) of mainland expressways will have a link, possibly by tunnel, to Taiwan and all expressways on the island.

The nine expressways[edit]

Nine toll expressways link Beijing to its suburbs, outlying regions, and other cities.

Badaling Expressway[edit]

Main article: Badaling Expressway

The Badaling Expressway connects Beijing to the Badaling section of the Great Wall of China. It runs from Madian to Badaling and Yanqing for a total of nearly 70 kilometres. Parts of the expressway run through hilly terrain.

Route: Madian (N. 3rd Ring Road) - Jianxiang (N. 4th Ring Road) - Shangqing (N. 5th Ring Road) - Huilongguan - Beianhe - Shahe - Baige (N. 6th Ring Road) - Changping District - Nankou - Badaling - Yanqing - Jingzhang Expressway
Speed Limit: 100 km/h (62 mph), hilly portion 60 km/h (37 mph)
Tolls: As of 5th Ring Road, heading northwest

Jingcheng Expressway[edit]

Current Status: Completed The S11 Jingcjheng Expressway starts at Taiyanggong Bridge on the 3rd Ring Road.

The Entire expressway opened late 2009/early 2010, With the total length being about 210 km (130 mi) in length.

This expressway is part of the larger Daguang Expressway.

Airport Expressway[edit]

The Airport Expressway to Beijing Capital International Airport runs for under 20 kilometres and is one of the most heavily-used expressways in Beijing. Despite this, traffic jams seem to be incredibly rare. However, Beijing authorities are planning two more expressways to link to the airport.

Route: Sanyuanqiao (N. 3rd Ring Road) - Siyuan Bridge (N. 4th Ring Road) - Dashanzi - N. 5th Ring Road - Beigao - Yanglin Road - Xiaotianzu Road - Beijing Capital International Airport
Speed Limit: Maximum 120 km/h (75 mph) throughout (left lane only, others 100 km/h (62 mph))
Tolls: As of Beigao, heading northeast

Jingtong Expressway[edit]

Main article: Jingtong Expressway

The Jingtong Expressway runs through to Tongzhou District for approximately 15 kilometres. It has no numbered expressway exits (except for one at the very beginning in central Beijing) and functions mainly as a city express route.

Route: Dawang Bridge - E. 4th Ring Road - Gaobeidian - E. 5th Ring Road - Shuangqiao - Huicun - Tongzhou or Ximazhuang and Jingha Expressway
Speed Limit: 100 km/h (62 mph) throughout as of Gaobeidian until Huicun, otherwise 80 km/h (50 mph)
Tolls: As of Shuangqiao, heading east

Jingha Expressway[edit]

Main article: Jingha Expressway

The Jingha Expressway was planned to run to Harbin, but has apparently been abandoned as of Yanjiao, Hebei. It is a short and rather old expressway.

Route: Beiguan Roundabout - E. 6th Ring Road - Baimiao - Yanjiao - China National Highway 102
Speed Limit: 90 km/h (56 mph) throughout
Tolls: As of E. 6th Ring Road, heading east

Jingshen Expressway[edit]

Main article: Jingshen Expressway

The Jingshen Expressway to Shenyang runs for 658 kilometres and is one of the longest expressways to leave Beijing.

Route: Sifang Bridge (E. 4th Ring Road) - Wufang Bridge (E. 5th Ring Road) - Bailu Toll Gate - E. 6th Ring Road - Xianghe (Hebei) - Baodi (Tianjin) - Yutian[disambiguation needed] - Lulong - Beidaihe Area - Shanhaiguan - Shenyang
Speed Limit: 110 km/h (68 mph) throughout (Tianjin section: 120 km/h (75 mph))
Tolls: As of Bailu Toll Gate, heading east

Jingjintang Expressway[edit]

The Jingjintang Expressway (or Jingtang Expressway) heads for Tianjin and Tanggu. However, due to the heavy onslaught of lorry traffic, it can get jammed up at times.

Route: Fenzhongsi (E. 3rd Ring Road) - Shibalidian (E. 4th Ring Road) - Dayangfang (E. 5th Ring Road) - Toll Gate - Majuqiao (E. 6th Ring Road) - Caiyu - Langfang - Yangcun - Yixingbu - Central Tianjin - Tianjin Airport - Tanggu
Speed Limit: 110 km/h (68 mph) throughout (except for the start in Beijing - 70 km/h (43 mph) or 80 km/h (50 mph))
Tolls: As of Dayangfang Toll Gate, heading south-east

Jingkai Expressway[edit]

Main article: Jingkai Expressway

The Jingkai Expressway heads for Kaifeng, but is interrupted as of Yufa, Beijing, where the Beijing section ends. It continues as China National Highway 106.

Route (Beijing section): Yuquanying (E. 3rd Ring Road) - Xinfadi - Majialou (E. 4th Ring Road) - Toll Gate - 5th Ring Road - Daxing - Huangcun (E. 6th Ring Road) - Panggezhuang - Yufa - China National Highway 106
Speed Limit: 80 km/h (50 mph) before the toll gate at Xihongmen, 110 km/h (68 mph) afterwards
Tolls: As of Xihongmen Toll Gate, heading south

Jingshi Expressway[edit]

Main article: Jingshi Expressway

The Jingshi Expressway to Shijiazhuang is one of the oldest expressways in Beijing. In fact, it was China's first completed expressway.

Route: Liuliqiao (W. 3rd Ring Road) - Yuegezhuang (W. 4th Ring Road) - Xidaokou - W. 5th Ring Road - Dujiakan Toll Gate - Zhaoxindian - Daxing - Liangxing (Fangshan) - 6th Ring Road - Doudian - Liulihe - Hebei Toll Gate - Zhuozhou - Dingxing - Baojin Expressway - Baoding - Shijiazhuang
Speed Limit: 110 km/h (68 mph) throughout Beijing section, 120 km/h (75 mph) thereafter
Tolls: As of Dujiakan Toll Gate, heading southwest
Note: Tolls are not networked, and you need to pay again at the toll gate in South Beijing. However, tolls are networked with the 6th Ring Road.

Extended expressways[edit]

The nine expressways also indirectly become portions of other expressways.

The Badaling Expressway connects after Yanqing to Zhangjiakou as the Jingzhang Expressway. Already as of Madian, it forms part of the Jingda Expressway.

The Jinghu Expressway becomes an independent expressway after Tianjin.

The Jingshi Expressway forms part of the very long Jingzhu Expressway.

Alternate names[edit]

The Badaling Expressway is sometimes referred to as the Jingchang Expressway, as the first stage of the expressway runs through Changping District.

Projected expressways[edit]

Jingping Expressway[edit]

Current Status: Not yet constructed; in planning

Beijing's Pinggu District so far is the only district without an expressway link. However, Beijing will soon build the Jingping Expressway to link to Pinggu.

This expressway is will also link to Ji County in Tianjin, which would also link to the Jinji Expressway, ultimately connecting Tianjin City. Thus, this road is also known as the projected Jingji Expressway.

The expressway would start at Yaojiayuan Bridge on Beijing's 5th Ring Road and stretch for 69 kilometres. It would ultimately be connected to the eastern 4th Ring Road.

A tunnel is planned. The expressway would presumably be constructed in 2005, with a section opening in early 2006, and completion scheduled by early 2007.

Jingkai Expressway[edit]

Current Status: Jingkai Expressway from Yuquanying to Yufa open to traffic

In 2004, an additional 7 kilometres of the Jingkai Expressway was announced. Although specific details aren't clear right now, it may be the extension from Yufa into Gu'an in Hebei province, which currently is part of China National Highway 106, but which many maps claim now to be already expressway.

Airport Expressway[edit]

Current Status: Airport Expressway open to traffic

Two further routes, both of them being expressways, will link Beijing Capital International Airport.

The Airport Northern Route from the Jingcheng Expressway will stretch 10.8 km (6.7 mi) to the airport.

A second airport expressway will stretch 23 km (14 mi). This second airport expressway would run between the eastern 5th Ring Road and the eastern 6th Ring Road, starting up north from the airport all the way through to the second Jingjin Expressway (bound for Tianjin).

Jingjintang Expressway[edit]

Current Status: Jingjintang Expressway open to traffic

The current Jingjintang Expressway is not only open to traffic, but also home to a huge load of traffic everyday. Should a traffic accident occur (and they do occur), rescue efforts would take quite a while.

Thus, both Beijing and Tianjin have approved the construction of two more expressways to Tianjin.

The northern route shall leave Beijing at Tongzhou District and pass through Yangcun in Tianjin. A southern route shall also exist.

Both routes will stretch 35 kilometres each (at least in the Beijing sections).

Jingbao Expressway[edit]

Announced only in 2004, the Jingbao Expressway go for 25.9 kilometres in length in the Beijing area, reducing traffic load on the Badaling Expressway. The project, however, is difficult to tackle; its route must not disturb the Ming Tombs.

See also[edit]