Classical guitar with additional strings
A classical guitar with additional strings is a classical guitar with more than six strings.
Its invention is attributed to Andrei Sychra, who also wrote a method for the guitar, as well as over one thousand compositions, seventy-five of which were republished in the 1840s by Stellovsky, then again in the 1880s by Gutheil. Some of these were published again in the Soviet Union in 1926.
Eight-string classical guitars are generally tuned with two extra basses ([BD]EADGBE) that vary in pitch depending on the piece being played. Another common variation is to add an extra bass and treble string. The extra treble is almost always tuned to A, while the added bass string usually falls on A,B, or C.
Paul Galbraith and Alexander Vynograd are two of the most notable 8 string players who use the extra high and low string tuning. Galbraith generally tunes (B)EADGBEA which puts standard 6 string guitar chord voicings and scale shapes within the neck and allows him to read lute tablature directly (a whole step higher). Vynograd chooses to tune AEADGCEA (notice the b string is tuned up a half step) which allows him to play the top 6 strings like a guitar a 4th higher. Vynograd writes his music on a grand staff in a different key and plays as if the guitar was tuned EBEADGBE.
The Brazilian guitarist Raphael Rabello also adopted the 8 string guitar on many of his presentations.
Includes the Decacorde - a historical romantic guitar - which was tuned C-D-E-F-G-A-d-g-b-e' and the modern 10-string guitar, which has various tunings.
The Yepes 10-string guitar adds four strings (resonators) tuned in such a way that they (along with the other three bass strings) can resonate in unison with any of the 12 chromatic notes that can occur on the higher strings; the idea behind this being an attempt at enhancing and balancing sonority.
The tuning of the Yepes ten-string guitar is:
- e' - b - g - d - A - E - C - Bb - Ab - Gb
Or, written enharmonically:
- e' - b - g - d - A - E - C - A# - G# - F#
The eleven-string alto guitar was developed by Swedish luthier Georg Bolin in the 1960s, and Bolin altgitarren (Swedish for the alto guitar, plural altgitarrer) are now rare and valuable. The Bolin alto guitar most often has eleven strings, but a thirteen-string version also exists.
The Godin Glissentar is another type of eleven-string guitar and is fretless.
The 11-string archguitar built by American luthier Walter Stanul is played by guitarists such as Peter Blanchette .
- External links
- altoguitar.com, site dedicated to the Bolin altgitarr.
- Alto Guitar Links.
- Stefan Östersjö web page.
- Godin Glissentar web page.
- User description of their Bolin pattern alto guitar.
- John Francis Web Page (Composer/Guitarist)
Luthier Michael Thames has developed the 13-string "Dresden" designed to function as a baroque lute for guitarists.
Bolin created a thirteen-string version of his eleven-string alto guitar, but the eleven-string version has been the one adopted by other makers.
- External links
- Seven-string guitar
- Eight-string guitar
- Nine-string guitar
- 10-string guitar
- Extended-range bass
- Russian guitar
- Harp guitar
- The State of the 7-String Guitar in 2006 by Stephen Rekas.
- Creating the DeCava Ten-String Classical Guitar by James R. DeCava
- Sind 6 Saiten genug? by Felix Gisler (German)
- La música de laúd en la guitarra: una aproximación práctica by Jose Luis Rojo (2004) (Spanish)
- Cathedralguitar.com, home of the Multi-String Guitar
- The Lacôte Harp Guitars by Gregg Miner