Extensions of Fisher's method
In statistics, extensions of Fisher's method are a group of approaches that allow approximately valid statistical inferences to be made when the assumptions required for the direct application of Fisher's method are not valid. Fisher's method is a way of combining the information in the p-values from different statistical tests so as to form a single overall test: this method requires that the individual test statistics (or, more immediately, their resulting p-values) should be statistically independent.
A principle limitation of Fisher's method is its exclusive design to combine independent p-values, which renders it an unreliable technique to combine dependent p-values. To overcome this limitation, a number of methods were developed to extend its utility.
In the case that these p-values are not independent, Brown proposed the idea of approximating X using a scaled χ2-distribution, cχ2(k’), with k’ degrees of freedom.
The mean and variance of this scaled χ2 variable are:
This approximation is shown to be accurate up to two moments.
Kost's method: t approximation
See reference 2
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