Extreme cold warning
As of April 8, 2014, Environment Canada replaced the Wind Chill Warning with an Extreme Cold Warning. In the older system a wind chill warning for Southern Ontario and Atlantic Canada was issued when the wind chill dropped to -35. Thus a temperature of −37 °C (−35 °F) with no winds would not require a warning be issued. Under the new system the extreme cold warning is issued based on either the temperature or the wind chill being a certain value for at least two hours. The values range from −30 °C (−22 °F) in the south to −55 °C (−67 °F) in parts of the Arctic.
Ranges for issuing an extreme cold warning
- South-Central Ontario and Southwestern Ontario issued at −30 °C (−22 °F)
- Southeastern Ontario, the Southern Interior of British Columbia, the British Columbia Coast and Atlantic Canada (excluding Labrador) issued at −35 °C (−31 °F)
- Quebec (excluding northern Quebec) issued at −38 °C (−36 °F)
- Northern Ontario (excluding the far north), Central Interior of British Columbia and the Prairies (Alberta, southern Manitoba, southern Saskatchewan) issued at −40 °C (−40 °F)
- Far northern Ontario, northern Manitoba (excluding northeastern Manitoba), northern Saskatchewan, Northern Interior of British Columbia and Labrador issued at −45 °C (−49 °F)
- Northern Quebec (excluding Nunavik) issued at −48 °C (−54 °F)
- Yukon, Northwest Territories (excluding Paulatuk, Sachs Harbour, Ulukhaktok), Baffin Island, and northeastern Manitoba issued at −50 °C (−58 °F)
- Nunavik issued at −52 °C (−62 °F)
- Northwest Territories (Paulatuk, Sachs Harbour, Ulukhaktok only) and Nunavut (excluding Baffin Island) issued at −55 °C (−67 °F)
In the United States an extreme cold warning was an experimental weather warning issued by the National Weather Service in North Dakota, South Dakota, and Minnesota. The warning was issued if the temperature fell to −35 °F (−37 °C) or colder with a wind of less than 5 mph (8 km/h; 2 m/s). It was an experimental advisory for when the air temperature was dangerously cold, but the wind was too little to warrant a Wind Chill Watch or Warning.
The Extreme Cold Warning was used from January 10, 2011 to April 15, 2011. It was discontinued beginning with the 2011-12 winter storm season. Only four Extreme Cold Warnings were issued: one for Burleigh County, and three for areas outside of the Bismarck-Mandan metropolitan area.
URGENT - WEATHER MESSAGE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DULUTH MN 324 PM CST THU JAN 20 2011 MNZ010-011-018-019-026-211030- /O.NEW.KDLH.EC.W.0001.110120T2200Z-110121T1600Z/ KOOCHICHING-NORTHERN ST. LOUIS-NORTHERN ITASCA-CENTRAL ST. LOUIS- SOUTHERN ITASCA- INCLUDING THE CITIES OF...INTERNATIONAL FALLS...ELY...BIGFORK... HIBBING...GRAND RAPIDS 324 PM CST THU JAN 20 2011 ...EXTREME COLD WARNING IN EFFECT UNTIL 10 AM CST FRIDAY... THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN DULUTH HAS ISSUED AN EXTREME COLD WARNING...WHICH IS IN EFFECT UNTIL 10 AM CST FRIDAY. * TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURES ARE EXPECTED TO DROP TO AROUND 40 BELOW ACROSS NORTHERN MINNESOTA OVERNIGHT AND THEN GRADUALLY IMPROVE FRIDAY MORNING. WINDS ARE EXPECTED TO BECOME CALM OVERNIGHT. * FROSTBITE TIMES: FROSTBITE AFFECTS EXPOSED SKIN OF A HEALTHY ADULT IN 10 TO 20 MINUTES. THE ELDERLY AND YOUNG CHILDREN ARE ESPECIALLY SUSCEPTIBLE TO THE COLD. * IMPACTS: FROSTBITE CAN LEAD TO HYPOTHERMIA IF PRECAUTIONS ARE NOT TAKEN. PETS AND LIVESTOCK ARE ALSO AFFECTED BY COLD TEMPERATURES. PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... AN EXTREME COLD WARNING MEANS DANGEROUS AND POTENTIALLY LIFE- THREATENING EXTREME COLD TEMPERATURES ARE EXPECTED FOR A PROLONGED PERIOD OF TIME. FROSTBITE AND HYPOTHERMIA ARE LIKELY IN AS SHORT AS 10 TO 20 MINUTES IF YOU ARE EXPOSED TO THESE CONDITIONS WITHOUT PROPER PROTECTION. MAKE SURE YOU DRESS WITH SEVERAL LAYERS OF CLOTHES DESIGNED FOR EXTREME COLD CONDITIONS... AND AVOID SWEATING IF YOU ARE OUTDOORS AS THIS CAN LEAD TO A FASTER ONSET OF HYPOTHERMIA. && $$
- Environment Canada. "Wind Chill Hazzards". Archived from the original on December 17, 2005.
- Extreme Cold Warning
- "National Weather Service Plans to Issue 'Extreme Cold Warnings'".
- "NWS To Experiment With 'Extreme Cold' Warnings".
- "Experimental Cold Warning Feedback Needed".
- "NWS Tests Extreme Cold Warning".
- "National Weather Service ditching 'extreme cold' warnings".