Extreme points of Antarctica

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Other extremes[edit]

  • While animal life such as penguins and seals are found all around the Antarctic coastline, the continent's only flowering plants are found on the northern portion of the Antarctic Peninsula (see Antarctic flora).
  • Highest temperature so far recorded in Antarctica: 14.6°C (58.3°F) at Vanda Station (New Zealand administered station) on 5 January 1974.
  • Lowest temperature so far recorded in Antarctica: -93.2 °C (-135.8 °F) in the interior of the Antarctica on August 2010. The record temperature was found by scientists sifting through decades of climate data taken by Earth-orbiting satellites.[2] However, the previous record was -89.2°C (-128.6°F) at Vostok (Russian administered station) on 21 July 1983 and it is to this day more widely known.
  • The highest non-cyclonic winds ever recorded on the Continent was at Commonwealth Bay (66°54′S 142°40′E / 66.900°S 142.667°E / -66.900; 142.667), which is about 48 km (30 mi) wide and located at the entrance between Point Alden and Cape Gray in the Australian Antarctic Territory. Winds regularly exceed 200 km per hour here. The fastest wind ever recorded was in the base Belgrano II at 351 km/h (218 mph).
  • Antarctica has the world's lowest rainfall average (zero at the Geographic South Pole) and thus is the world's driest continent.
  • Despite its low rainfall average, Antarctica has approximately 70% of the world's fresh water (as 90% of the world's ice).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic Sites & Monuments in Antarctica, International Polar Heritage Committee
  2. ^ "Press Release: Landsat 8 helps unveil the coldest place on Earth". 9 December 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2014.