Geography of Liechtenstein

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Map of the Principality of Liechtenstein
Satellite image of Liechtenstein area, with the border shown in yellow

The principality of Liechtenstein encompasses most of the right (eastern) half of the Rhine Valley, wedged between Austria and Switzerland.

Along with Uzbekistan, Liechtenstein is one of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world; it contains a great variety of microclimates based on elevation.

Data from the CIA Factbook:

47°10′N 9°32′E / 47.167°N 9.533°E / 47.167; 9.533 (Liechtenstein)

  • Area: 160 km² (land, 0 km² water)
  • Land boundaries: total: 76 km; border countries: Austria 35 km, Switzerland 41 km
  • Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
  • Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
  • Climate: continental; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers, great variety of microclimates based on elevation
  • Terrain: mostly mountainous (Alps) with Rhine Valley in western third
  • Natural resources: hydroelectric potential, arable land
  • Lake: The only lake in Liechtenstein is the Gampriner Seele.
  • Land use: arable land: 21.88%, permanent crops: 0%, other: 78.12% (2011)
  • Natural hazards: NA
  • Environment - international agreements:
    • party to:

Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands,

    • signed, but not ratified:

Law of the Sea