This is a list of the
extreme points of : the points that are highest and lowest, and farther north, south, east or west than any other location on the North America continent. Some of these points are debatable, given the varying definitions of North America.
North America and surrounding islands [ edit ]
Northernmost point —
Kaffeklubben Island, Greenland . Although politically part of the 83°40′N 29°50′W / 83.667°N 29.833°W Kingdom of Denmark, Greenland is geologically part of the North American plate. If Greenland is excluded from North America, the northernmost point is Cape Columbia, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada . 83°8′N 74°13′W / 83.133°N 74.217°W Southernmost point —
Cocos Island, Costa Rica 5°31′8″N 87°4′18″W / 5.51889°N 87.07167°W Westernmost point — The westernmost point depends on the definition of "westernmost". If following the
International Date Line, it would be Cape Wrangell on Attu Island, Alaska, United States . However, if the border between east and west is defined by the 52°55′28″N 172°28′22″E / 52.92444°N 172.47278°E 180th meridian, the westernmost point is the West Point of Amatignak Island , as Attu Island is in the 51°17′N 179°9′W / 51.283°N 179.150°W Eastern Hemisphere. Easternmost point —
Nordostrundingen, Greenland . If Greenland is excluded then the easternmost point is 81°26′25″N 11°29′22″W / 81.44028°N 11.48944°W Cape Spear, Newfoundland, Canada . Again, if one uses the technical definition of longitude it is 47°31′25″N 52°37′10″W / 47.52361°N 52.61944°W Pochnoi Point on Semisopochnoi Island, Alaska, since the state stretches into the Eastern Hemisphere. 51°57′N 179°52′E / 51.950°N 179.867°E
Continental North America [ edit ]
Highest points [ edit ]
Mount McKinley ( Denali), [1 ] [2 ] Alaska, United States — highest summit of 63°4′9″N 151°0′23″W / 63.06917°N 151.00639°W North America at 6194 m (20,320 feet)
Pico de Orizaba ( Volcán Citlaltépetl), [3 ] [4 ] Puebla and Veracruz, Mexico — highest volcano summit at 5636 m (18,491 feet) 19°1′50″N 97°16′11″W / 19.03056°N 97.26972°W
Grays Peak, [5 ] [6 ] [7 ] [8 ] Colorado, United States — highest point on the 39°38′2″N 105°49′3″W / 39.63389°N 105.81750°W Continental Divide of North America at 4352 m (14,278 feet)
Volcán Tajumulco, [9 ] [10 ] San Marcos, Guatemala — highest summit of 15°2′40″N 91°54′13″W / 15.04444°N 91.90361°W Central America at 4220 m (13,845 feet)
Gunnbjørn Fjeld, [11 ] [12 ] Sermersooq, Island of Greenland, Greenland — highest island summit 68°55′7″N 29°53′55″W / 68.91861°N 29.89861°W and highest summit of all the [13 ] Arctic at 3694 m (12,118 feet)
Pico Duarte, [14 ] [15 ] Dominican Republic, Hispaniola — highest summit of the 19°1′23″N 70°59′53″W / 19.02306°N 70.99806°W Caribbean at 3098 m (10,164 feet)
Ixchiguán, San Marcos, Guatemala — highest town at 3200m m (10,500 feet)
Leadville, Colorado, United States — highest city at 3094 m (10,152 feet) 39°14′50″N 106°17′30″W / 39.24722°N 106.29167°W
Lake County Airport, Colorado, United States — highest airfield at 3026 m (9,927 feet) 39°13′13″N 106°19′00″W / 39.22028°N 106.31667°W
Lowest points [ edit ]
Badwater Basin, Death Valley, California, United States — lowest surface point at −86 m (−282 feet) 36°14′23″N 116°50′5″W / 36.23972°N 116.83472°W
Salton Sea, California, United States — lowest lake at −69 m (−226 feet) 33°19′59″N 115°50′3″W / 33.33306°N 115.83417°W
Furnace Creek Airport, California, United States — lowest airfield at −64 m (−210 feet) 36°27′50″N 116°52′53″W / 36.46389°N 116.88139°W
Furnace Creek, [16 ] California, United States — lowest settlement at −58 m (−190 feet) 36°27′29″N 116°52′15″W / 36.45806°N 116.87083°W
Calipatria, California, United States — lowest city at −56 m (−184 feet) 33°07′32″N 115°30′51″W / 33.12556°N 115.51417°W
Lago Enriquillo, Dominican Republic, Hispaniola — lowest lake on an island and lowest surface point on an ocean island on Earth at −27 m (−89 feet) 18°30′N 71°35′W / 18.500°N 71.583°W
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States — lowest city over 250,000 population with an average elevation of −0.5 m (−1.5 feet) 29°58′N 90°03′W / 29.967°N 90.050°W
Isthmus of Rivas, Rivas, Nicaragua — lowest pass between 12°1′N 86°27′W / 12.017°N 86.450°W Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean on the Continental Divide of the Americas at 56 m (184 feet)
Great Slave Lake bottom, Northwest Territories, Canada — lowest fresh water point at −458 m (−1,503 feet) 61°40′N 114°00′W / 61.667°N 114.000°W
Other points [ edit ]
Islands [ edit ]
Island of Greenland — most extensive island on Earth at 2,130,800 km 68°55′10″N 29°53′55″W / 68.91944°N 29.89861°W 2 (822,700 square miles) and tallest island of Western Hemisphere at 3694 m (12,119 feet)
Island of Cuba — most extensive island of the 21°30′N 80°0′W / 21.500°N 80.000°W Caribbean at 104,556 km 2 (40,369 square miles)
Hispaniola — tallest island of the 19°1′23″N 70°59′53″W / 19.02306°N 70.99806°W Caribbean at 3175 m (10,417 feet) and second most extensive island of the Caribbean at 76,480 km 2 (29,529 square miles)
Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron, Ontario, Canada — most extensive lake island on Earth at 2,766 km 45°46′N 82°12′W / 45.767°N 82.200°W 2 (1,068 square miles)
Lake Superior, Canada and the United States — most voluminous lake in 47°45′N 87°30′W / 47.750°N 87.500°W Western Hemisphere at 11,600 km 3 (2,800 cubic miles)
Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada — deepest lake in 61°40′N 114°00′W / 61.667°N 114.000°W Western Hemisphere at 614 m (2,014 feet)
Lake Michigan–Huron, Canada and the United States — most extensive lake in 45°49′N 84°45′W / 45.817°N 84.750°W Western Hemisphere and the most extensive fresh water lake on Earth at 117,702 km 2 (45,445 square miles)
Nettilling Lake on Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada — most extensive lake on an island on Earth at 5,066 km 66°30′N 70°50′W / 66.500°N 70.833°W 2 (1,956 square miles)
Great Salt Lake, Utah, United States — most extensive 31°10′N 112°35′W / 31.167°N 112.583°W endorheic lake at 4,400 km 2 (1,700 square miles)
Lake Manitou on Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron, Ontario, Canada — most extensive lake on an island in a lake on Earth at 104 km 45°46′42″N 81°59′30″W / 45.77833°N 81.99167°W 2 (40 square miles)
Mississippi Basin, Canada and the United States — most extensive 29°9′4″N 89°15′12″W / 29.15111°N 89.25333°W river basin at 2,981,076 km 2 (1,151,000 square miles)
Mississippi- Missouri- Jefferson Rivers, United States — longest 29°9′4″N 89°15′12″W / 29.15111°N 89.25333°W river system at 6,275 km (3,902 miles)
Missouri River, United States — longest 38°48′49″N 90°7′11″W / 38.81361°N 90.11972°W main stem river at 3,768 km (2,341 miles)
Mississippi River, United States — longest 29°9′4″N 89°15′12″W / 29.15111°N 89.25333°W Gulf of Mexico main stem river at 3,544 km (2,202 miles)
Yukon River, Canada and the United States — longest 62°35′55″N 164°47′40″W / 62.59861°N 164.79444°W Bering Sea main stem river at 3,185 km (1,979 miles)
Nelson River, Manitoba, Canada — longest 57°5′5″N 92°30′8″W / 57.08472°N 92.50222°W Hudson Bay main stem river at 2,575 km (1,600 miles)
Colorado River, United States and Mexico — longest 31°48′57″N 114°48′22″W / 31.81583°N 114.80611°W Gulf of California main stem river at 2,330 km (1,450 miles)
Columbia River, Canada and the United States — longest 46°14′39″N 124°3′29″W / 46.24417°N 124.05806°W Pacific Ocean main stem river at 2,000 km (1,243 miles)
Mackenzie River, Northwest Territories, Canada — longest 68°56′23″N 136°10′22″W / 68.93972°N 136.17278°W Arctic Ocean main stem river at 1,738 km (1,080 miles)
Saint Lawrence River, United States and Canada — longest 49°40′N 64°30′W / 49.667°N 64.500°W Atlantic Ocean main stem river at 965 km (600 miles)
Extreme points of North American countries [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ The summit of Mount McKinley is the highest point of the Alaska Range, the State of Alaska, the United States of America, and all of greater North America. Mount McKinley is the third most prominent summit on earth.
^ "Mount McKinley". Summits of the World. peakbagger.com . Retrieved September 8, 2012.
^ Pico de Orizaba is the highest point of Estado Libre y Soberano de Puebla, Estado Libre y Soberano de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, and all of México
^ "Pico de Orizaba". Summits of the World. peakbagger.com . Retrieved September 8, 2012.
^ The summit of Grays Peak is the highest point of the Front Range and the Continental Divide of North America.
^ "Grays Peak". NGS Station Datasheet. United States National Geodetic Survey . Retrieved September 8, 2012.
^ "Grays Peak". Summits of the World. peakbagger.com . Retrieved September 8, 2012.
^ The summit elevation of Grays Peak includes an adjustment of +1.881 m (+6.2 ft) from NGVD 29 to NAVD 88.
^ Volcán Tajumulco is the highest point of the Republic of Guatemala and all of Central America. Volcán Tajumulco is the southernmost and easternmost 4000 m (13,123-foot) summit of North America
^ "Volcán Tajumulco". Summits of the World. peakbagger.com . Retrieved January 11, 2010.
^ Gunnbjørn Fjeld is the highest point on the Island of Greenland, Kalaallit Nunaat, the Kingdom of Denmark, and the entire Arctic
^ "Gunnbjørn Fjeld". Summits of the World. peakbagger.com . Retrieved September 8, 2012.
^ North America commonly excludes the Hawaiian Islands which are considered to be part of Polynesia. Mauna Kea on the 19°49′14″N 155°28′5″W / 19.82056°N 155.46806°W Island of Hawai is the highest summit of the Hawaiian Islands and the entire ʻi Pacific Ocean at 4205 m (13,796 feet).
^ Pico Duarte is the highest point on the Island of Hispaniola, the Dominican Republic, and all the islands of the Caribbean Sea
^ "Pico Duarte". Summits of the World. peakbagger.com . Retrieved January 2, 2010.
^ Furnace Creek in Death Valley, California, United States set the world record for the highest reliably reported ambient air temperature of 134°F (56.7°C) on July 10, 1913. This record has been eclipsed only once by a questionable reading of 136°F (57.8°C) recorded in 'Aziziya, Libya, on September 13, 1922.
External links [ edit ]
Coordinates: 48°10′N 100°10′W / 48.167°N 100.167°W