Exuma (musician)

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Exuma
Birth name Macfarlane Gregory Anthony Mackey
Born (1942-02-18)February 18, 1942
Cat Island, Bahamas
Died January 25, 1997(1997-01-25) (aged 54)
Nassau, Bahamas
Genres Freak Folk
Calypso
Reggae
African
Folk
Instruments Vocals
Acoustic guitar, cowbells & whistles
Years active 1962–1997
Labels Mercury Buddah
Kama Sutra
ROIR
Associated acts Tony McKay and the Islanders

Macfarlane Gregory Anthony Mackey, who recorded as Exuma (18 February 1942 – 25 January 1997) was a Bahamian musician, known for his almost unclassifiable music: a strong mixture of carnival, junkanoo, calypso and ballad.[1] In his early days in New York's Greenwich Village, Tony McKay (his self-given name) performed in small clubs and bars. Later, along with his then-partner and lifelong friend, Sally O'Brien, and several musician friends, Tony launched EXUMA - a 7-person group that toured and recorded albums, starting with Exuma: The Obeah Man in 1970 and ending with Rude Boy in 1986. His songs invoke influences from calypso, junkanoo, reggae, African music and folk music with his lyrics dealing heavily with Obeah. His backing band known only as the Junk Band has included names such as Sally O'Brien, Bogie, Lord Wellington, Villy, Mildred Vaney, Frankie Gearing, Diana Claudia Bunea, and his good friend Peppy Castro.

Life and recordings[edit]

After growing up on Cat Island, Tony McKay moved to New York City at age 17 to study architecture. However, he did not complete his studies and soon entered the music industry in a group called Tony McKay and the Islanders. In New York's 1960s Greenwich Village folk scene McKay often found himself performing with such greats as Bob Dylan, Richie Havens, Jimi Hendrix, and Barbra Streisand among others.

He soon gained the attention of Blues Magoos manager Bob Wyld. Wyld brought McKay to Mercury Records and convinced them to sign him. In 1970 McKay, now redubbed Exuma, released the albums Exuma and Exuma II. From those albums he released the singles "Exuma, The Obeah Man", "Junkanoo", "Damn Fool", and "Zandoo". Exuma also garnered recognition for his song "You Don't Know What's Going On", which was featured on the soundtrack to John G. Avilsen's 1970 film Joe starring Peter Boyle, Susan Sarandon, and Dennis Patrick.

Exuma left Mercury in 1971 to sign with the Kama Sutra label, where he released the albums Do Wah Nanny (1971), Snake (1972), Reincarnation (1972), and Life (1973). From these albums he released the singles "Do Wah Nanny", "The Bowery", "Brown Girl", "Rushing Through the Crowd", and a cover of Paul McCartney's "Monkberry Moon Delight". After low sales and seeking the freedom of independence, Exuma was no longer featured on a major record label for the rest of his career. He released Penny Sausage, Going to Cat Island, Universal Exuma and Street Life in the early 1980s, but none of these albums received much exposure.By this time, Exuma was enjoying his greatest recognition. In the Bahamas, he even scored two hit singles, "Shirlene" and "Rose Mary Smith." He had moved to New Orleans and was a regular at the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage festival. He performed regularly at the Old Absinthe Bar. These nights could become jam sessions, as he had a habit of starting songs that were not in the set list and he still attracted great musicians, such as Bill Wyman and Bob Dylan's backing band. In 1986 under the ROIR label, Exuma released Rude Boy, which garnered slightly more attention and featured songs from some of his previous 1980s releases.

Over the years Exuma has played and/or toured with Patti LaBelle, Curtis Mayfield, Rita Marley, Peter Tosh, Toots & the Maytals, Sly and the Family Stone, Steppenwolf, Black Flag and the Neville Brothers. Exuma was even recognised by Queen Elizabeth II in 1978 when she awarded him the British Empire Medal for his contributions to Bahamian culture.

In the late 1980s, Exuma suffered a mild heart attack, and thus devoted much more of his time to painting, his other great talent. His paintings have been exhibited several times and collected by many art lovers. Never abandoning his music however, he still wrote and performed his original music. He continued to perform at the New Orleans Jazz Festival until 1991. The last years of his life saw him splitting his time between Miami, Florida and Nassau, in a house that his mother had left him. He died in his sleep in 1997.

Professor and fellow Bahamian, Alfred M. Sears stated that Exuma was, "A Bahamian visionary, humanistic philosopher and people's poet. Exuma gives expression to the beauty and power of the cultural life of the Bahamas - the people's every day experiences, folklore, myths, stories, junkanoo, rake and scrape, pain, joy, struggle and survival. His life and art reflect the wonderful cultural heritage and personality of Bahamians, drawing on the roots of Africa and the branches of the Amerindians, Europeans and Americans."[2]

Tony McKay had many children including Gavin, Kenyatta, Acklins and Jahleena. His first son, Shaw and his mother, "Sammy" were murdered in the early 1970s in New York's Lower East Side. Both Acklins and Kenyatta Alisha are vocal artists, carrying on the tradition of their father through their individual genres.

Discography[edit]

Exuma
Label: Mercury Records
Released: 1970

Track listing:

  1. Exuma, The Obeah Man (6:20)
  2. Dambala (5:40)
  3. Mama Loi, Papa Loi (4:36)
  4. Junkanoo (3:24)
  5. Seance In The Sixth Fret (7:15)
  6. You Don't Know What's Going On (3:31)
  7. The Vision (7:58)

Exuma II
Label: Mercury Records
Released: 1970

Track listing:

  1. Damn Fool (4:17)
  2. Baal (6:37)
  3. Paul Simon Nontooth (7:02)
  4. Fire In The Hole (7:02)
  5. A Place Called Earth (6:32)
  6. We Got To Go (2:59)
  7. African Rhythm (4:47)
  8. Zandoo (4:49)

Do Wah Nanny
Label: Kama Sutra Records
Released: 1971

Track listing:[3]

  1. Do Wah Nanny (16:39)
  2. Silver City (6:27)
  3. Eyebrows And Beards (2:54)
  4. She Looks So Fine (3:35)
  5. Roweena (4:45)
  6. The Bowery (3:23)
  7. 22nd Century (8:18)
  8. Do Wah Nanny II (2:47)

Snake
Label: Kama Sutra Records
Released: 1972

Track listing:

  1. Obeah, Obeah, Obeah (3:49)
  2. Snake (2:45)
  3. Don't Let Go (2:32)
  4. Attica Part 1 (6:58)
  5. Thirteenth Sunday (3:26)
  6. Subway Bound For Hell (3:39)
  7. Happiness And Sunshine (5:52)
  8. Summertime In New York (3:36)
  9. Andros Is Atlantis Rising (3:37)
  10. Exuma's Reincarnation (3:21)

Reincarnation
Label: Kama Sutra Records
Released: 1972

Track listing:

  1. Brown Girl (2:40)
  2. Monkberry Moon Delight (3:28)
  3. Metastophaliese (2:12)
  4. Obeah Man Come Back (2:27)
  5. Baby, Let Me In (2:18)
  6. Pay Me What You Owe Me (2:21)
  7. Empty Barrels (2:12)
  8. Walking Home (2:50)
  9. Rushing Through The Crowd (2:30)
  10. Ballad For Sammy (2:57)
  11. Exuma's Reincarnation (2:50)

Life
Label: Kama Sutra Records
Released: 1973

Track listing:

  1. If It Feels Good, Do It (2:29)
  2. Paint It Black (2:47)
  3. Love Is Strange (2:49)
  4. The Jumping Dance (2:00)
  5. Iko Iko (1:55)
  6. You Can't Always Get What You Want (4:00)
  7. Night Time People (2:51)
  8. Hayride (2:14)
  9. Oh! Lovey (2:12)
  10. Sodom And Gomorrah (2:22)
  11. 11. Kenyatta Alisha (2:14)
  12. Viva El Matador (2:25)

Penny Sausage
Label: Inagua Records
Released: 1980

Track listing:

  1. Exuma The Obeah Man Returns (4:09)
  2. Penny Sausage (5:05)
  3. Africa (4:28)
  4. Rasta (2:54)
  5. Black Hawk (7:16)
  6. Southern Comfort (4:20)
  7. Soul Conga Line (4:20)
  8. Joanna (3:00)
  9. Pretty Woman (3:33)
  10. Beware (2:57)
  11. Armageddon (7:32)

Universal
Label: Cat Island Records
Released: 1982

Track listing:

  1. Guy Fawkes (4:05)
  2. Fame Is The Name Of The Game (4:12)
  3. Roller Reggae (4:03)
  4. Rose Mary Smith (4:39)
  5. Cat Island Rake & Scrape Band (4:02)
  6. Get It (Good Feeling) (3:59)
  7. Super Star Who Do You Think You Are? (4:06)
  8. Alowis Plant (Aloe Plant) (3:03)
  9. Maasai (3:55)
  10. Praise Jesus Tonight (3:56)

Rude Boy
Label: ROIR Records
Released: 1986

Track listing:

  1. Rude Boy (4:10)
  2. Clean On the Outside, Dirty On The Inside (4:31)
  3. The Coming "Junkanoo" (4:00)
  4. Shirlene (4:33)
  5. Dready (3:56)
  6. Fishing On The Rock (5:13)
  7. Saint James Road Slim (5:50)
  8. Soca 'Bite Me On My Belly (3:37)
  9. Dream (4:14)
  10. Bam Bam (2:43)
  11. Armageddon (7:32)

Street Music
Label: Nassau Records
Released: 1987

Track listing:

  1. 1. Rude Boy (4:01)
  2. Clean On the Outside, Dirty On The Inside (4:26)
  3. The Coming "Junkanoo" (3:56)
  4. Shirlene (4:26)
  5. Dready (3:50)
  6. Fishing On The Rock (5:08)
  7. Saint James Road Slim (5:48)
  8. Soca "Bite Me On My Belly" (3:33)
  9. Dream (4:10)
  10. Bam Bam (2:38)
  • In the early 1980s, Exuma also released several very rare albums entitled Going to Cat Island and Street Life. Tracks from Street Life were later included in ROIR's release of Exuma's Rude Boy Album. Exuma's music appeared on various compilations throughout his career.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Bahamian Artwork Collection: Tony "The Obeah Man" McKay". D'Aguilar Art Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Alfred M. Sears (1995-09-07). "The Nina Simone Web - Exuma". Archived from the original on 2008-03-11. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 
  3. ^ "Exuma - Do Wah Nanny (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 

External links[edit]