Eyalet of the Archipelago

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Eyālet-i Jezāyir-i Baḥr-i Sefīd
Eyalet of Ottoman Empire

 

 

1535–1864
 

 

 

Location of Eyalet of the Archipelago
Eyalet of the Archipelago in 1609
Capital Gallipoli[1]
History
 -  Established 1535
 -  Disestablished 1864
Area
 -  c. 1860[2] 25,458 km2 (9,829 sq mi)
Population
 -  c. 1860[2] 700,000 
Density 27.5 /km2  (71.2 /sq mi)
Today part of  Turkey
 Greece
 Cyprus
 Egypt

The Eyalet of the Archipelago (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت جزایر بحر سفید; Eyālet-i Jezāyir-i Baḥr-i Sefīd;[3] "Eyalet of the Islands of the White Sea")[4] was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire.

The province was formed in 1535 as a beylerbeylik.[5] Its capital was Gallipoli, the principal naval base of the Ottoman fleet. It originally comprised the Gallipoli peninsula and many of the islands of the Aegean Archipelago. Rhodes and Cyprus were included after their annexation by the Ottomans.

Including Crete, its reported area in the 19th century was 9,829 square miles (25,460 km2) and its population around 700,000.[2]

After 1864, it was reformed into the smaller Vilayet of the Archipelago.

Other names[edit]

The eyalet's most common English names are the Province of the Islands[1] or of the Archipelago.[6] Because it was commanded by the Kapudan Pasha, the head of the Ottoman navy, it was also known as the Province of the Kapudan Pasha[7] (Ottoman Turkish: Kapudanlık-ı Derya, "Captaincy of the Sea"; Turkish: Kaptanpaşa Eyaleti).

Other names include the Province of Djezayrs[1] or Dschesair,[2] the Province of the Islands of the Archipelago,[2] the Province of the Islands of the White Sea,[8] and the Eyalet of the Mediterranean Islands.[9]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Sanjaks of the eyalet in the 17th century:[7]
  1. Sanjak of Gelibolu (Gallipoli)
  2. Sanjak of Ağriboz (Negropont)
  3. Sanjak of Karlıeli (Aetolia-Acarnania)
  4. Sanjak of İnebahtı (Naupactus)
  5. Sanjak of Rodos (Rhodes)
  6. Sanjak of Midilli (Mytilene)
  7. Sanjak of Biga (Biga)
  8. Sanjak of Kocaeli
  9. Izmit
  10. Izmir
Between 1688 and 1702:[10]
  1. Sanjak of Gelibolu (Gallipoli)
  2. Sanjak of Rodos (Rhodes)
  3. Sanjak of Değirmenilk ve Mesentûri (Milos)
  4. Sanjak of Andıra (Andros)
  5. Sanjak of Senturin (Santorini)
  6. Sanjak of Nakşa Berre (Naxos)
  7. Sanjak of Limni (Lemnos)
  8. Sanjak of Kavala (Kavala)
  9. Sanjak of Midillü (Lesbos) with Eskerüs (Skyros)
  10. Sanjak of Sakız (Chios)
  11. Sanjak of Mezistre (Mystras)
  12. Sanjak of Karlıeli (Aetolia-Acarnania)
  13. Sanjak of İnebahtı (Naupactus)
  14. Sanjak of İskenderiyye (Alexandria)
  15. Sanjak of Dimyad (Damietta) with Reşîd (Rosetta)
Between 1717 and 1730:[10]
  1. Sanjak of Gelibolu (Gallipoli)
  2. Sanjak of Kavala (Kavala)
  3. Sanjak of Ağriboz (Negropont)
  4. Sanjak of İnebahtı (Naupactus)
  5. Sanjak of Sığla or Suğla (Ayasuluğ, absent)
  6. Sanjak of Kocaeli (İzmit)
  7. Sanjak of Karlıeli (Aetolia-Acarnania)
Between 1731 and 1740:[10]
  1. Sanjak of Gelibolu (Gallipoli)
  2. Sanjak of Değirmenlik ve Mesentûri (Milos, absent)
  3. Sanjak of Sığla or Suğla (Ayasuluğ, absent)
  4. Sanjak of Karlıeli (Aetolia-Acarnania)
  5. Sanjak of Senturin (Santorini, absent)
  6. Sanjak of Nakşa Berre (Naxos, absent)
  7. Sanjak of Kavala (Kavala)
  8. Sanjak of Ağriboz (Negropont)
  9. Sanjak of İnebahtı (Naupactus)
  10. Sanjak of Mora (Nafplion, muhassıllık)
  11. Sanjak of Mezistre (Mystras, absent)
  12. Sanjak of Kocaeli (İzmit)

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Macgregor, John. Commercial Statistics: A Digest of the Productive Resources, Commercial Legislation, Customs Tariffs, Navigation, Port, and Quarantine Laws, and Charges, Shipping, Imports and Exports, and the Monies, Weights, and Measures of All Nations. Including All British Commercial Treaties with Foreign States 2 ed., Vol. II, p. 12. Whittaker and Co. (London), 1850. Accessed 10 September 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d The Popular Encyclopedia; or, Conversations Lexicon. Revised ed. Vol. VI, pp. 698 & 701. Blackie & Son (London), 1862. Accessed 10 September 2011.
  3. ^ "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "White Sea" being the Ottoman Turkish name for the Mediterranean.
  5. ^ Nejat Göyünç, Osmanlı Devleti'nde Taşra Teşkilâtı (Tanzimat'a Kadar), Osmanlı, Cilt 6: Teşkilât, Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, p. 77. (Turkish)
  6. ^ MacKay, Pierre. "Acrocorinth in 1668, a Turkish Account." Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens. 37(4), 386–397. Accessed 10 September 2011.
  7. ^ a b Çelebi, Evliya. Trans. by von Hammer, Joseph. Narrative of travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa in the seventeenth century, Vol. 1, p. 91. Parbury, Allen, & Co. (London), 1834. Accessed 10 September 2011.
  8. ^ Süssheim, K. "AĶ DEŇIZ." Encyclopaedia of Islam: A Dictionary of the Geography, Ethnography, and Biography of the Muhammadan Peoples. E.J. Brill and Luzac & Co. (Leiden), 1938. Accessed 10 September 2011.
  9. ^ Greene, Molly. A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean, p. 22. Princeton University Press (Princeton), 2002. Accessed 10 September 2011.
  10. ^ a b c Orhan Kılıç, XVII. Yüzyılın İlk Yarısında Osmanlı Devleti'nin Eyalet ve Sancak Teşkilatlanması, Osmanlı, Cilt 6: Teşkilât, Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, p. 104. (Ankara) 1999. ISBN 975-6782-09-9. (Turkish)