Eyebrow restoration

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Eyebrow restoration is a surgical procedure intended to permanently restore and/or customize the appearance of the eyebrows. it was originally intended for burn victims and patients of illnesses that prevent hair from growing in the eyebrow region. Eyebrow restoration surgeries - or transplants - have since evolved into a cosmetic procedure favored by people wishing to have perfect eyebrows.

Some traditional hair restoration surgeons offer eyebrow restorations as well. Both procedures should be only performed by certified surgeons who specialize in hair and eyebrow transplantation.

The most popular hair and eyebrow restoration surgery technique is follicular unit transplantation, which involves the removal of donor follicles from the back of the patient's head (where hair tends to be more permanent). Once removed, the "donor area" is then stitched back up with no visible scarring. The donor follicles are then transplanted into the "problem areas" of the patient’s scalp.

Eyebrow transplant[edit]

Eyebrow transplants are designed to restore growing hair to eyebrows that are overly thin, scarred, or completely missing. The absence of hair can be due to genetics, prior electrolysis or laser hair removal, over-plucking, thyroid or other hormonal abnormalities, or trauma due to surgery, burns or other types of accidents.

The donor hairs come from the scalp which, when transplanted into the eyebrows, continue to grow for a lifetime and therefore need to be trimmed typically once a month. To provide a natural appearance, the hairs are transplanted primarily one and occasionally two at a time, the natural way eyebrow hairs grow. This is a very delicate procedure, requiring perfect placement of these hairs into tiny (half-millimeter) incisions that are angled at just the right direction and positioned to mimic natural growth. The use of all-microscopically dissected grafts allows their placement into the smallest possible incisions so as to minimize scarring and damage to already existing hairs.

A procedure typically involves the placement of 50 to as many as 325 hairs into each eyebrow, depending upon the existing amount of hair and the desired size and density. Performed usually under a mild oral sedative, the two-hour procedure is essentially painless, as is the recovery period.

For the first two to four days after the procedure, tiny crusts form around each transplanted hair. By three to five days, other than some occasional mild pinkness which fades out by the first week, patients are able to return to normal activities without any sign of having had a procedure. Sutures that are placed in the donor area are removed at one week. The transplanted hairs fall out at around two weeks, then start to regrow at three months, where they will continue to grow for a lifetime.[1][2]

The New York Daily News reported a rise in the popularity of eyebrow transplants as a result of the prominence of celebrities such as Keira Knightley, Megan Fox, Brooke Shields, Jennifer Connelly and the Olsen twins opting for “the untamed look”.[3]

The British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons noted soaring interest in the procedure due to the high profile of the Duchess of Cambridge and her “natural” look.[4][5]

The BBC also reported the case of dental trainee Claire Culverwell who had “over-plucked” her eyebrows as a teenager.[6] She explained: "It was very fashionable when I was a teenager to pluck your eyebrows. But a hair follicle only has a finite number of cycles of growth and if you pluck too many times, you end up killing it off. I didn’t understand the harm I was doing.” [7]

The Daily Mail told how Claire’s eyebrows were “barely noticeable … a thin line of hair” before they were transformed during a six-hour operation at Manchester’s Crown Clinic. The article explained how transplant surgeon Asim Shahmalak had removed a narrow strip of hair from the back of her head, from an area that was a close match for the colour and texture of the brows. “The strip, which is around an inch long, contained 400 to 500 hairs,” explained Daily Mirror reporter Steve White, “and each was painstakingly separated out under a microscope. The individual hairs were then transplanted into small holes into the patient’s eyebrows.” [8]

The case was widely covered around the world with reports of the operation appearing as far afield as the United States, the United Arab Emirates and even Bulgaria. However, eyebrow transplantation has been an established procedure in the US for some time. The New York Daily News reported on an eyebrow transplant surgeon “with offices across the United States”, who performs three to four of the "painless" surgeries every week.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Would you pay $8,000 for these brows". foundhair.com. FOUNDATION FOR HAIR RESTORATION. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  2. ^ John Staige Davis (1919). "Goyanes' operation". Plastic Surgery; Its Principles and Practice. Philadelphia: Blakiston. p. 384. 
  3. ^ Roberts, Christine (3 September 2012). "British woman undergoes $5,500 eyebrow transplant after years of ‘over-plucking’". New York Daily News (New York). 
  4. ^ Arthurs, Deborah (3 September 2012). "'I plucked my eyebrows until they stopped growing back': Delighted dentist, 30, reveals results of £3,500 transplant op". Daily Mail (London). 
  5. ^ Eye brow, mustache and scar treatments, Sure Hair Transplants, 2014, retrieved March 24, 2014 
  6. ^ Crookes, Del (3 September 2012). "Woman has an eyebrow transplant after over plucking hair". BBC (London). 
  7. ^ Swift, Jacqui (3 September 2012). "Woman has £3.5k eyebrow transplant after 'over-plucking' as a teen". The Sun (London). 
  8. ^ White, Steve (4 September 2012). "Plucky lady: Woman pays £3,500 to have thicker eyebrows like Kate Middleton". The Mirror (London). 
  9. ^ Roberts, Christine (3 September 2012). "British woman undergoes $5,500 eyebrow transplant after years of ‘over-plucking’". New York Daily News (New York).