EyeToy

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For the PlayStation 3 version of the EyeToy, see PlayStation Eye.
EyeToy
Eyetoy logo.svg
EyeToy.png
Developer Sony Computer Entertainment
Manufacturer Logitech, Namtai
Product family PlayStation
Type Gaming webcam
Generation Sixth generation era
Release date October 2003
Camera 320×240 pixels[1]
Connectivity USB 1.1[2] (type-A)
Platform PlayStation 2
Dimensions 44×53×89 mm (1.7×2.1×3.5 in)[2]
Weight 173 g (6.1 oz)[2]
Cable length 2 m (6.6 ft)[2]
Power draw 50 mA[2]
Lenshead Manual focus ring
Sensor OV7648[2]
Chip OV519[2]
Successor PlayStation Eye

The EyeToy is a color digital camera device, similar to a webcam, for the PlayStation 2. The technology uses computer vision and gesture recognition to process images taken by the camera. This allows players to interact with games using motion, color detection and also sound, through its built-in microphone. It was released in October 2003.

The camera is manufactured by Logitech (known as "Logicool" in Japan), although newer EyeToys are manufactured by Namtai. The camera is mainly used for playing EyeToy games developed by Sony and other companies. It is not intended for use as a normal PC camera, although some people have developed unofficial drivers for it.[1] The EyeToy is compatible with the PlayStation 3 and can be used for purposes such as video chatting.[3] As of November 6, 2008, the EyeToy has sold 10.5 million units worldwide.[4]

History[edit]

Marks's idea was to enable natural user interface and mixed reality video game applications using an inexpensive webcam, using the computational power of the PlayStation 2 to implement computer vision and gesture recognition technologies. He joined Sony Computer Entertainment America (SCEA) that year, and worked on the technology as Special Projects Manager for Research and Development.[5][6]

Marks's work drew the attention of Phil Harrison, then Vice President of Third Party Relations and Research and Development at SCEA. Soon after being promoted to Senior Vice President of Product Development at Sony Computer Entertainment Europe (SCEE) in 2000, Harrison brought Marks to the division's headquarters in London to demonstrate the technology to a number of developers. At the demonstration, Marks was joined with Ron Festejo of SCE Camden Studio[6] (which would later merge to become SCE London Studio) to begin developing a software title using the technology, which would later become EyeToy: Play. Originally called the iToy (short for "interactive toy") by the London branch, the webcam was later renamed to the EyeToy by Harrison. It was first demonstrated to the public at the PlayStation Experience event in August 2002 with four minigames.[5]

Already planned for release in Europe, the EyeToy was picked by SCE's Japanese and American branches after the successful showing at the PlayStation Experience. In 2003, EyeToy was released in a bundle with EyeToy: Play: in Europe on July 4, and North America on November 4. By the end of the year, the EyeToy sold over 2 million units in Europe and 400,000 units in the United States.[5] On February 11, 2004, the EyeToy was released in Japan.

Design[edit]

The camera is mounted on a pivot, allowing for positioning. Focusing the camera is performed by rotating a ring around the lens. It comes with two LED lights on the front. A blue light turns on when the PS2 is on, indicating that it is ready to be used, while the red light flashes when there is insufficient light in the room. There is also a microphone built in. A second, newer model of the EyeToy provides similar features, but sports a smaller size and silver casing.[7]

Use with personal computers[edit]

Since the EyeToy is essentially a webcam inside a casing designed to match the PlayStation 2 and it uses a USB 1.1 protocol and USB plug, it is possible to make it work on other systems relatively easily. Drivers have been created to make it work with many computer operating systems, however, Linux is the only OS which has drivers installed yet no official drivers have been offered by Namtai, Logitech or Sony for Microsoft Windows, Mac OS or Linux. The type of driver required depends on the model of EyeToy camera. There are three different models:

  • SLEH-00030
  • SLEH-00031
  • SCEH-0004

The model information is included in a label on the bottom of the camera.

In these custom drivers, the red LED that normally signals inadequate lighting is used as the active recording indicator. The blue LED is lit when the EyeToy is plugged into the computer.

Technical limitations[edit]

Due to the camera's need to "see" the player as they play, it needs to be used in a well-lit room. A red LED found on the front of the camera will flash to indicate to the player if the light is too low. Certain games utilize this feature, requiring players to place their hand in front of the camera to quit a certain mode. An example of this can be seen in the EyeToy: Play 'Minigames'. If the player wishes to quit a 'Minigame', they simply cover the lens with their hand.[citation needed]

Games[edit]

Designed for EyeToy[edit]

These games require the EyeToy to be played. All produced by Sony unless noted.

Enhanced with EyeToy[edit]

These games may be used with the EyeToy optionally. They typically have an "Enhanced with EyeToy" or "EyeToy Enhanced" label on the box.

Cameo[edit]

EyeToy: Cameo is a system for allowing players to include their own images as avatars in other games. Games that support the feature include a head scanning program that can be used to generate a 3D model of the player's head. Once stored on a memory card, this file is then available in games that support the Cameo feature. EyeToy: Cameo licenses the head creation technology Digimask.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marks, Richard (2010-11-03). "EyeToy, Innovation and Beyond". Sony Computer Entertainment America. Retrieved 2010-12-01. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g EyeToy specifications, published by Sony with EyeToy instruction manual.
  3. ^ "PlayStation.com - PLAYSTATION®3 - Network - friends". 2008-11-09. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  4. ^ Kim, Tom (2008-11-06). "In-Depth: Eye To Eye - The History Of EyeToy". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  5. ^ a b c Pham, Alex (2004). "EyeToy Springs From One Man's Vision". Los Angeles Times (2004-01-18). pp. C1. ISSN 0458-3035. OCLC 3638237. Retrieved 2009-06-10. 
  6. ^ a b Richard Marks (2004-01-21). EyeToy: A New Interface for Interactive Entertainment (Windows Media v7). Stanford University. Event occurs at 08:22. Retrieved 2009-06-20. 
  7. ^ Drivers for Windows and Linux free and with support from: http://eyetoy8057.sourceforge.net/cms/[dead link]

External links[edit]