Eynsford

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Coordinates: 51°21′54″N 0°12′40″E / 51.365°N 0.211°E / 51.365; 0.211

Eynsford
Footpath to Eynsford - geograph.org.uk - 1314950.jpg
Darent Valley Path, Eynsford
High Street, Eynsford, Kent - geograph.org.uk - 1224721.jpg
Central view of the curved High Street
Eynsford is located in Kent
Eynsford
Eynsford
 Eynsford shown within Kent
Area  14.54 km2 (5.61 sq mi)
Population 1,814 (2011 census)[1]
    - Density  125 /km2 (320 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ5365
Civil parish Eynsford
District Sevenoaks
Shire county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Dartford
Postcode district DA4
Dialling code 01322
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Sevenoaks (UK Parliament constituency)
List of places
UK
England
Kent

Eynsford (/ˈnsfəd/ or /ˈnzfəd/) is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. It is located south east of Swanley.

The village including its farmland and woods occupies the northernmost half of the triangle formed by three motorways in west Kent barring its very northernmost part which is Farningham. This area is undulating, has a large minority of woodland and its closest motorway junction with local access is at the north-east of Farningham, with the M25 London Orbital Motorway. The south of the parish is considered Lullingstone, much of which was owned for many centuries by the large, late medieval Lullingstone Castle, whereas other parts of the village were owned by charity-run Eynsford Castle, which is older. Well before the founding of the Kingdom of England, Lullingstone Roman villa was founded in this part of the parish, which is open today. The Darent Valley Path takes in a cross-section of the area.

The village[edit]

Eynsford is first mentioned in writing in 864, as "Egenes homme". The derivation is unclear, but one possibility is that it represents "Ægen's river-meadow", from the Old English hamm "river-meadow, enclosure".[2] In 1801 the village had the highest population in the Dartford area, at 841 persons.

Village sign
The ford through the Darent

In the centre of the village, which is six miles (10 km) south of Dartford, is a ford over the river, with a picturesque hump-back bridge alongside. There are many old buildings including the 16th-century Plough Inn and the Old Mill. The church is dedicated to St Martin. In about 1163, Thomas Becket is reputed to have excommunicated William de Eynsford, the owner of Eynsford castle. The excommunication was cancelled by King Henry II and the issue became part of the quarrel that led to Becket's murder in 1170.

John Wesley is thought to have preached here: he was a friend of the then vicar of Shoreham, the next village along the valley. The Wesley Stone by the bridge commemorates the spot.

It was near Eynsford village (at Austin Lodge) that Percy Pilcher constructed and successfully flew lightweight gliders. On 30 September 1899, having completed his triplane, he had intended to demonstrate it to a group of onlookers and potential sponsors in a field near Stanford Hall. However, days before, the engine crankshaft had broken and, so as not to disappoint his guests, he decided to fly the Hawk instead. The weather was stormy and rainy, but by 4 pm Pilcher decided the weather was good enough to fly. Whilst flying, the tail snapped and Pilcher plunged 10 metres (30 ft) to the ground: he died two days later from his injuries with his triplane having never been publicly flown.

Another famous resident was Arthur Mee who built and lived in Eynsford Hill, a grand house overlooking the village. Mee edited both the weekly Children's Newspaper and the Children's Encyclopaedia, in which the design and construction of Eynsford Hill was chronicled. Whether the name of Eliza Doolittle's husband Freddy Eynsford-Hill in George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion is connected to the house is a matter of conjecture.

The village was scandalised in the 1920s by the antics of composers E.J. Moeran and Peter Warlock who rented a house there; Warlock's habit of riding his motorbike round the village naked was matched by his housemate's singing sea shanties on a Sunday morning to try and drown out the congregation in the Baptist chapel next door. Although the time spent in Eynsford was productive for Warlock, Moeran never really recovered.

Graham Sutherland lived for many years in the 17th century Willow Cottage opposite the old village school.

Around the village are three impressive sites: Eynsford Castle, Lullingstone Castle and the Roman villa.

The parish was part of Axstane Hundred and later Dartford Rural District.

Eynsford Castle[edit]

(51°22′14″N 0°12′48″E / 51.37056°N 0.21333°E / 51.37056; 0.21333 (Eynsford Castle))

Dating from 1088, Eynsford Castle is one of the most complete Norman castles in England. Ransacked in the 14th century, it fell into decay. For years it was used as dog kennels by the Hart-Dyke family of nearby Lullingstone Castle. It is now in the care of English Heritage and open to the public

Lullingstone Castle[edit]

(51°21′28.87″N 0°11′45.21″E / 51.3580194°N 0.1958917°E / 51.3580194; 0.1958917 (Lullingstone Castle))

Lullingstone Manor

Not a true castle, but a manor house, built in the 15th century and substantially rebuilt in the 18th century by Sir Percyvall Hart in honour of Queen Anne, who often stayed there. In 1875 Sir William Hart-Dyke and two of his friends framed the rules of lawn tennis at Lullingstone and first played the game there, using a ladder supported on two barrels for a net. The silk farm that supplied Queen Elizabeth II with silk for her wedding dress was situated here, though by the time the Lullingstone Silk Farm provided Lady Diana Spencer with silk for hers, it had moved to Dorset.

In 2004 the current heir to the estate, Tom Hart Dyke, created the World Garden of Plants in the grounds from a design made in 2000 while he was held captive by rebels in Colombia.[3] The 2-acre (8,100 m2) walled garden is laid out like a map of the world,[4] containing some 10 000 species planted to create the shapes of their areas of origin. Both house and garden are open to the public, and the garden in 2005 won the British Guild of Travel Writers' 'Best UK Tourism Project' award.[5]

Also in the grounds is the parish church of Saint Botolph, recently restored and containing some of the oldest stained glass in England.

Lullingstone Roman Villa[edit]

(51°21′51″N 0°11′47″E / 51.36417°N 0.19639°E / 51.36417; 0.19639 (Lullingstone Roman Villa))

Lullingstone Roman villa was discovered in 1939, and contains some of the finest excavated remains of a Roman villa in Britain, including a Romano-Christian chapel.

Awards[edit]

2006 – Kent Village of the Year.

2008 - The Fox and Hounds Public House wins the prestigious Destination Pub of the year award

Sports[edit]

Eynsford Football Club play their home games at Harrow Meadow in the heart of the village. They have a first team a reserve team and a youth team. The two senior teams compete in the Premier Division and Division 1 of the Sevenoaks & District Football League respectively. More details can be found on their website www.clubwebsite.co.uk/eynsfordfootballclub.

Eynsford Cricket Club play on Common Meadow, Riverside. They have two men's teams and a colts' set-up. They won Division 5 of the Kent County Village League in 2012.

Mountainbike Trials

Team M.A.D the largest Mountainbike Stunt Team in Europe were formed in Eynsford in 1996. Giles Wolfe Team Director currently lives in the village.

'Beach Volley Ball'

Jake Sheaf, British Champion and International athlete. No 1 hopeful for the 2012 Olympics lives in Eynsford and trains in and around the local area.

Eynsford on television[edit]

20 Miles from Piccadilly Circus featuring Alex Kennedy(Smithy) consisted of six half-hour episodes about various aspects of life in the village. The show was released in 1994 and initially aired only in the Carlton Television region, although the first three episodes were later repeated on Channel 4.

Save Lullingstone Castle was a six-part series by Keo Films, aired between April 4 and May 9, 2006, on BBC2. It followed the fortunes of Tom Hart Dyke as he developed the World Map of Plants and attempted to thereby turn the fortunes of the estate. A second series, Return to Lullingstone Castle aired between March 19 and April 23, 2007.

In the movie Love Actually, the vicar at Eynsford church at the time played the vicar that married Juliet and Peter.

Eynsford Baptist Church[edit]

In 1775, A Baptist preacher, Mr J. Morris, opened his house in Eynsford for the preaching of the Gospel. This was the beginning of a Baptist community, which grew despite opposition from the established church. In 1802, it is recorded in the history of the Church that when Mr Rogers came to be Pastor "great difficulty was experienced in obtaining lodgings for the young Minister, that at one time the prejudice against a Baptist Minister was so strong that the people with whom he lodged had notice to quit their house unless he left, and it was with the greatest difficulty he secured a house when he married."

The first building was completed in 1806, giving way to the present enlarged building in 1906. The church has continued to flourish, and still supports its own full time minister, even since the local established church has had a minister who is shared by three parishes.

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Civil Parish Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboats Shared between households[1]
Eynsford 330 237 134 97 1 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Households
Civil Parish Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
Eynsford 1,814 799 46.6 34.3 1,454

The proportion of households who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Transport[edit]

Eynsford station serves the village with services to Kentish Town station (London Victoria on Sundays) via Catford, and to Sevenoaks. Eynsford is served by Arriva Kent Bus routes 403 to Bluewater via Dartford and Swanley and to Sevenoaks, 421 to Swanley and to Sevenoaks, 478 to Swanley and to West Kingsdown, and Go Coach also operates a 429 Sunday service to Bluewater Via Dartford and Swanley.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 20 December 2013
  2. ^ "Kent place names" Spelling of placenames in Kent from BBC website.
  3. ^ "Jungle captive's garden designs". BBC News. 2004-10-12. Retrieved 2006-10-04. 
  4. ^ World Garden Aerial Views
  5. ^ "Award for jungle captive's garden". BBC News. 2005-11-14. Retrieved 2006-10-04. 
  • Lullingstone Castle
  • Eynsford – A Story Through The Ages, by W.I. Curnow. First published by the Eynsford Village Society in 1953.

Further reading[edit]

Various publications are available from the Farningham & Eynsford Local History Society.

External links[edit]