Eyre Peninsula is a triangular peninsula in South Australia. It is bounded on the east by Spencer Gulf, the west by the Great Australian Bight, and the north by the Gawler Ranges. It is named after explorer Edward John Eyre who explored some of it in 1839-1841. The coastline was first explored by Matthew Flinders in 1801-1802. The west coast was also visited by Nicolas Baudin at around the same time.
The peninsula was explored by a party led by John Charles Darke in 1844, who was killed by local aborigines on the return to Port Lincoln.
The main towns are Port Lincoln on the southern point, Whyalla and Port Augusta at the north east, and Ceduna at the northwest. They are connected by the Eyre Highway across the inland edge, and the Flinders Highway and Lincoln Highway along the west and east coasts.
The major industry is farming - cereal crops, sheep, and cattle in the drier north and more water-intensive activities such as dairy farming and a growing wine industry in the south. Many coastal towns have commercial fishing, in particular Port Lincoln, had a large tuna-fishing fleet, which is gradually being converted to fish farming in bays along the coast. Oyster production was established in the 1980s and occurs in several bays around the peninsula. The Eyre Peninsula has a growing population of around 55,390 people.
National Parks located on the Eyre peninsula include Lincoln National Park, Coffin Bay National Park, Gawler Ranges National Park, and several conservation parks and reserves like Acraman Creek Conservation Park.
In January 2005, the Eyre Peninsula was the site of bushfires killing 9 people.
The peninsula is served by the isolated narrow-gauge Eyre Peninsula Railway. This line is separated from the main system by desert country, and there has therefore never been any need for a connecting link.
The area is also known as the Eyre Coastal Plain, is part of the Eyre Yorke Block bioregion, and is a distinct physiographic section of the larger Eucla Basin province, which in turn is part of the larger West Australian Shield division.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Eyre Peninsula|
- Eyre Peninsula – Australia's Seafood Frontier - Official Tourism Website
- Terraserver.com navigable satellite map of the Eyre Peninsula.
- Eyre Peninsula travel guide from Wikivoyage
- SouthAustralia.com Eyre Peninsula - Travel Guides, Accommodation, Online Booking