Ezhimala Hill

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Ezhimala
Ezhimala1.png
Ezhimala - A view from the train
Elevation 286 m (938 ft)
Translation ഏഴിമല (Malayalam)
Location
Location Kerala, India
Range Independent, adjacent to the Arabian Sea
Climbing
Easiest route Hike
Ezhimala
ഏഴിമല
town
Ezhimala is located in Kerala
Ezhimala
Ezhimala
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 12°0′40″N 75°13′8″E / 12.01111°N 75.21889°E / 12.01111; 75.21889Coordinates: 12°0′40″N 75°13′8″E / 12.01111°N 75.21889°E / 12.01111; 75.21889
Country  India
State Kerala
District Kannur
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration KL-
Nearest city Payyanur
Literacy 90%

Ezhimala (also known as Ezhimalai), a hill reaching a height of 286 metres, is located near Payyanur in Kannur District of Kerala, South India. As the former capital of the ancient Mushika Kingdom, it is considered to be an important historical site. It is a conspicuous, isolated cluster of hills, forming a promontory 38 km north of Kannur Town. A flourishing seaport and center of trade around the beginning of the Common Era, it was also one of the major battlefields of the Chola-Chera Wars of the 11th century. It is believed by some that Lord Buddha had visited Ezhimala. The hill was once known as Mount Delly by the English or Monte D'Ely by the Portuguese.[1]

Other names for Ezhimala[edit]

This region is also known as Elimala, Mooshika Sailam (മൂഷിക ശൈലം) and Sapta Sailam.

History[edit]

Ezhimala, which is part of Ramanthali panchayath, is one of the most important places in the recorded history of North Kerala. Mooshika Vamsham, written by Athulan in the 10th century, throws light on the history of the Mushika Royal Family in particular and of North Kerala in general.[2][3][4] The first recorded king of Mooshika Vamsham (the Mooshika Dynasty) was Ramaghata Mooshika, and his capital was Ezhimala.

Athulan describes the later kings of this dynasty, who are now better known as the Kolathiri Dynasty. King Ramaghata Mooshika's successors shifted their capital to Pazhi (the present-day village of Pazhayangadi), Valabhapattanam (Valapattanam), and other nearby places over the centuries.

Indian Naval Academy[edit]

The Prime Minister, inaugurated the Indian Naval Academy in Ezhimala, on 8 January 2009. The academy trains officer candidates of the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard.[5]

How to reach there[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]