Yanglan Lake in central Ezhou
Location in Hubei and the PRC
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Prefecture-level city||1,504 km2 (581 sq mi)|
|• Urban||520 km2 (200 sq mi)|
|• Metro||873.2 km2 (337.1 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||1,048,672|
|• Density||700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Ezhou (Chinese: 鄂州; pinyin: Èzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Hubei Province, China. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 1,048,672, of which 603,412 lived in the urban Echeng District. The Ezhou - Huanggang built up area is home to 900,272 inhabitants from the Echeng and Huangzhou, Huanggang Districts.
Ezhou lies on the southern bank of the Yangtze River east of the southern section of Wuchang, across the river from the city of Huanggang via the Ehuang Bridge. Sandwiched between the cities of Wuhan and Huangshi, Ezhou has a relatively small area of 1,504 square kilometres (581 sq mi).
There are many lakes in Ezhou, including the Liangzihu and Yanglan Hu along with more than 133 lakes and pools. The city is the origin of Wuchang Bream and as a result is nicknamed "City of one hundred lakes" and "The land of fish and rice".
The name "Ezhou" dates to the Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE) and derives from the nearby ancient Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BCE) vassal State of E. Although the administrative seat of the city changed several times, the name remained unchanged until the Three Kingdoms era (220−280) at which time it became the capital of the state of Eastern Wu ruled by Sun Quan and was renamed "Wuchang". This name remained in use as late as 1915, which proved confusing to travellers as it was also applied to the much larger city of Wuchang, itself shortly to become part of Wuhan.
Throughout China's history Ezhou has remained an important city politically, economically, and militarily with its strategic position along the middle part of the Yangtze River. It is also an important location in the history of the Pure Land Sect of Buddhism.
Ezhou has three districts.
Ezhou has six ports on the Yangtze including one than can handle up to 10,000-tonne (9,800-long-ton; 11,000-short-ton) vessels. Many important rail lines and national highways cross the area. This infrastructure make it a major logistics and distribution center. Important industries include metallurgy, construction materials, textiles, chemicals, and machinery.
The passenger train station, located southwest of downtown, is served by a large number of long-distance passenger trains that pass Ezhou on their way from Wuhan to cities in the east. In Hubei, there are no commuter trains per se, but it takes only about one hour (usually, with a stop at Huarong) to reach Wuhan's Wuchang District train station from Ezhou using any of those trains. The distance from the Ezhou station to Wuchang by rail is 82 kilometres (51 mi).
Ezhou has several sites noted for their natural beauty. The West Hill is in the heart of the city and Lotus Hill nearby. There are also three lakes, Liangzhi, Yanglang, and Honglian.
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