Fédération Aéronautique Internationale

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Fédération Aéronautique Internationale
FederationAeronautiqueInternationaleLogo.jpg
Abbreviation FAI
Formation 1905
Type Sports organisation
Location
President Dr. John Grubbström[1]
Secretary General Susanne Schödel[2]
Website www.fai.org

The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, FAI – The World Air Sports Federation, is the world governing body for air sports, aeronautics and astronautics world records. Its head office is in Lausanne, Switzerland.[3] This includes man-carrying aerospace vehicles from balloons to spacecraft, and unmanned aerial vehicles (such as model aircraft and UAVs). It was founded on 14 October 1905.

History[edit]

The FAI was founded at a conference held in Paris 12–14 October 1905, which was organised following a resolution passed by the Olympic Congress held in Brussels on 10 June 1905 calling for the creation of an Association "to regulate the sport of flying, ... the various aviation meetings and advance the science and sport of Aeronautics."[4] The conference was attended by representatives from 8 countries: Belgium (Aero Club Royal de Belgique, founded 1901), France (Aéro-Club de France, 1898), Germany (Deutscher Aero Club e.V.), Great Britain (Royal Aero Club, 1901), Italy (Aero Club d'Italia, 1904), Spain (Real Aero Club de España, 1905), Switzerland (Aero-Club der Schweiz, 1900) and the United States (Aero Club of America, 1905).

Activities[edit]

The FAI is the international governing body for the following activities:

The FAI establishes the standards for records in the activities. Where these are air sports, the FAI also oversees international competitions at world and continental levels, and also organizes the World Air Games and FAI World Grand Prix.

Records[edit]

1971 USSR commemorative stamp depicting Yuri A. Gagarin Gold Medal established by FAI

Among the FAI's responsibilities are the verification of record-breaking flights. For a flight to be registered as a "World Record," it has to comply with the FAI's strict rules, which include a proviso that the record must exceed the previous record by a certain percentage. Since the late 1930s, military aircraft have dominated some classes of record for powered aircraft such as speed, distance, payload, and height, though other classes are regularly claimed by civilians.

Some records are claimed by countries as their own, even though their achievements fail to meet FAI standards. These claims are not typically granted the status of official records. For example, Yuri Gagarin earned recognition for the first manned spaceflight, despite failing to meet FAI requirements. The FAI initially did not recognize the achievement because he did not land in his Vostok spacecraft (he ejected from it), but later it recognized that Gagarin was the first human to fly into space. The FAI then established "The Yuri A. Gagarin Gold Medal", which has been awarded since 1968.[17]

Classes[edit]

The following types of craft have records:

Some of the records[edit]

Date Measurement Person Aircraft Type
Class A: Free balloons
31 March 1999 40.814 km.[18] Bertrand Piccard and
Brian Jones
Breitling Orbiter Distance
4 May 1961 34,668 meters Malcolm Ross and Victor Prather
Winzen Absolute altitude
Class C: Aeroplanes
11 February 2006 41,467.53 km Steve Fossett Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer Flight distance record (without refueling)
28 July 1976 3,529.56 km/h Eldon W. Joersz Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird Flight airspeed record
31 August 1977 37,650 m Alexandr Fedotov MiG E-266M Flight altitude record
22 October 1938 17,083 m Mario Pezzi Caproni Ca.161 Flight altitude record (piston engine without payload)
Class CS: Solar-Powered Aeroplanes
7 July 2010 9,235 m
26 h 10 m 19 s
André Borschberg Solar Impulse (Prototype) Solar powered Duration and Flight altitude record[19]
25 May 2012 1116 km André Borschberg Solar Impulse (Prototype) Solar powered Distance
Class D: Gliders & Motorgliders
29 August 2006 15,460 m Steve Fossett and
Einar Enevoldson
Glaser-Dirks DG-505M (modified) Gliding Altitude[20]
21 January 2003 3,008.8 km Klaus Ohlmann and
Karl Rabeder
Schempp-Hirth Nimbus-4 Gliding Distance
Class E-1: Helicopters
11 August 1986 400.87 km/h John Trevor Egginton Westland Lynx G-LYNX (modified) Speed over a straight 15/25 km course[21]
Class G-2: Parachuting Performance Records
14 October 2012 1357.6 km/h[22] Felix Baumgartner Red Bull Stratos Vertical speed
Class I-C: Manpowered aeroplane
23 April 1988 115.11 km
3h 54mn 59s
Kanellos Kanellopoulos (GR) MIT Daedalus 88 Human powered Distance and Duration
Class O: Hang Gliding & Paragliding
12 December 2008 501.1 km Nevil Hullett Mac Para Magus Straight distance with a paraglider
Class R: Microlights
14 February 2002 187 km/h Julian Harris and
Bob Sharp
Jabiru Aircraft UL 3 axis flight airspeed record.[23]
17 August 2011 130.3 km Edina Sz. KOLESZÁR Dudek Nucleon 23 Distance in a closed circuit with limited fuel

Awards[edit]

The FAI has awarded the Paul Tissandier Diploma since 1952 to those who have served the cause of aviation in general and sporting aviation in particular.[24] The FAI also makes awards for each of the following air sports.

  • Awards for Ballooning:
  • Awards for General Aviation:
  • Awards for Gliding:
  • Awards for Rotorcraft:
    • The FAI Gold Rotorcraft Medal
  • Awards for Parachuting:
    • The FAI Gold Parachuting Medal
    • The Leonardo da Vinci Parachuting Diploma
    • The Faust Vrancic Medal
  • Awards for Aeromodelling:
    • The FAI Aeromodelling Gold Medal
    • The Andrei Tupolev Aeromodelling Medal
    • The Alphonse Penaud Aeromodelling Diploma
    • The Antonov Aeromodelling Diploma
    • The Andrei Tupolev Aeromodelling Diploma
    • The Frank Ehling Diploma
  • Awards for Aerobatics:
    • The Leon Biancotto Aerobatics Diploma
  • Awards for Astronautics:
    • The Yuri A. Gagarin Gold Medal
    • The V.M. Komarov Diploma
    • The Korolev Diploma
    • The Odyssey Diploma
  • Awards for Hang Gliding:
    • The Pepe Lopes Medal
    • The FAI Hang Gliding Diploma
  • Awards for Microlight Aviation:
  • Awards for Aviation and Space Education:
    • The Nile Gold Medal
  • Awards for Amateur-Built Aircraft:

FAI Young Artists Contest[edit]

The FAI Young Artists Contest[26] is an international painting competition for youngsters between the ages of 6 and 17. Each FAI Member Country organises the contest in their country, and the national winners are submitted to the International Jury each year.

Members[edit]

Active members[edit]

Country Member name
Albania Federata Shqiptare E Aeronautikes
Argentina Confederacion Argentina De Entidades Aerodeportivas
Australia Australian Sport Aviation Confederation
Austria Österreichischer Aero Club
Azerbaijan Azarbaycan Hava Va Ekstremal Idman Növlaci Federasiyasi
Belarus Belarusian Federation of Air Sports
Belgium Royal Belgian Aero Club
Bosnia and Herzegovina Vazduhoplovni Savez Bosne I Hercegovine
Brazil Comissão de Aerodesporto Brasileira
Bulgaria Bulgarski Natsionalen Aeroklub
Canada Aero Club of Canada
Chile Federacion Aerea De Chile
People's Republic of China Aero Sports Federation of China
Chinese Taipei Chinese Taipei Aerosports Federation
Colombia Federacion Colombiana De Deportes Aereos "Federaeros"
Croatia Hrvatski Zrakoplovni Savez
Cuba Aviation Club of Cuba
Cyprus Kypriaki Aerathlitiki Omospondia
Czech Republic Aeroklub Ceské Republiky
Denmark Kongelig Dansk Aeroklub
Ecuador Club De Aeromodelismo Quito
Egypt Aero Club of Egypt
Estonia Eesti Lennuspordi Föderatsioon
Finland Suomen Ilmailuliitto Ry
Macedonia Vozduhoplovna Federacija Na Makedonija
France Aero Club de France
Germany Deutscher Aero Club e.V.
Greece Elliniki Aerathlitiki Omospondia
Guatemala Asociacion Guatemalteca De Deportes Aereos
Hong Kong Hong Kong Aviation Club Ltd
Hungary Magyar Repülö Szövetség
Iceland Flugmálafélag Íslands
India Aero Club of India
Indonesia Federasi Aero Sport Indonesia
Iran Kanoone Havanavardiye Iran
Ireland National Aero Club of Ireland
Israel Aero Club of Israel
Italy Aero Club D'Italia
Japan Nippon Koku Kyokai
Jordan Royal Aerosports Club of Jordan
Kazakhstan Association of Light Aviation of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Korea Daehanmingook Hang Gong Hwe
North Korea Central Aeronautic Association OF D.P.R. Korea
Kuwait Kuwait Science Club
Latvia Latvijas Aeroklubs
Libya Libyan Airsports Federation
Lithuania Lietuvos Aeroklubas
Luxembourg Federation Aeronautique Luxembourgeoise
Malaysia Persekutuan Sukan Udara Malaysia
Mexico Federacion Mexicana De Aeronautica, A.C.
Republic of Moldova Federatia De Parapantism Din Republica Moldova
Monaco Aero Club De Monaco
Mongolia Mongolian Air Sports Federation
Montenegro Vazduhoplovni Savez Crne Gore
Morocco Federation Royale Marocaine De L'Aviation Legere Et Sportive
Mozambique Aeroclube De Mocambique
Nepal Nepal Airsports Association
Netherlands Koninklijke Nederlandse Vereniging Voor Luchtvaart
New Zealand Royal New Zealand Aero Club Inc.
Norway Norges Luftsportforbund
Pakistan All Pakistan Aero Modelling & Ultralight Asoociation
Peru Federacion Peruana Aerodeportiva
Philippines 3D Air Sports And Hobbies Asoociation, Incorporated
Poland Aeroklub Polski
Portugal Aero Club De Portugal
Qatar Qatar Air Sports Committee
Romania Federatia Aeronautica Romana
Russia Federatsia Avtsionnogo Sporta Rossii
San Marino Federazione Aeronautica Sammarinese
Saudi Arabia Saudi Aviation Club
Serbia Vazduhoplovni Savez Srbije
Singapore Air Sports Federation of Singapore
Slovakia Slovensky Narodny Aeroklub Generala M.R. Stefanika
Slovenia Letalska Zveza Slovenija
South Africa Aero Club of South Africa
Spain Real FederacIón Aeroáutica Española
Sweden Svenska Flygsportförbundet
Switzerland Aero Club Der Schweiz
Thailand Royal Aeronautics Sports Association of Thailand
Turkey Türk Hava Kurumu
Ukraine Federation of Aeronautical Sports of Ukraine
United Arab Emirates Emirates Aviation Association
United Kingdom Royal Aero Club of the United Kingdom
United States National Aeronautic Association Of The USA
Uzbekistan Texnik Va Amaliy Sport Turlari Markazi
Venezuela Asociacion Venezolana De Los Deportes Aeronauticos (A.V.D.A.)

Associate members[edit]

Country Member Name
Bahrain Royal Bahrain Parachuting Committee
Brazil Confederacão Brasileira de Aeromodelismo
Egypt Egyptian Sport Parachuting And Aeronautics Federation in Parachuting only
Liechtenstein Modellfluggruppe Liechtenstein
Liechtensteinischer Hängegleiter Verband
Oman Oman National Free Fall Team
Panama Asociacion De Paracaidismo Deportivo De Panama
Portugal Federaçâo Portuguesa De Aeromodelismo
Qatar Qatar Aeromodelling Racing Team
Romania Federatia Romana De Modelism
Saint Kitts and Nevis St Kitts And Nevis National Parachute Associating
Tunisia Association Tunisienne Des Sports Aeriens
Uruguay Centro Uruguayo De Planeadores

Temporary members[edit]

Country Member name
Armenia National Committee of Aeromodelling And Spacemodelling Sports
El Salvador Federacion Salvadoreña De Paracaidismo Y Aerodeportes
Iraq Al- Sokoor Aero Club
Laos Lao Airsports Club
Paraguay Asociacion Paraguaya Paracaidismo Deportivo
Syria Syrian Parachute Federation
Vietnam Hanoi Air Sports Association

Suspended members[edit]

Country Member Name
Lebanon Aero Club Du Liban
Mali Federation Malienne De Sports Air
Trinidad and Tobago Savannah Aero Concepts

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]