Félix Leclerc

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Félix Leclerc
Félix Leclerc.jpg
Félix Leclerc (July 1957)
Background information
Born (1914-08-02)August 2, 1914
La Tuque, Québec
Origin Quebec City
Died August 8, 1988(1988-08-08) (aged 74)
Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada
Labels Polydor, Philips

Félix Leclerc, OC GOQ (August 2, 1914 – August 8, 1988) was a French-Canadian singer-songwriter, poet, writer, actor and Québécois political activist.[1] He was made an Officer of the Order of Canada on December 20, 1968.[2] Leclerc was posthumously inducted into the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame for his songs "Moi mes souliers" (Me My Shoes), "Le petit bonheur" ( the Little Happiness) and "Le tour de l'Île" in 2006.[3]

History[edit]

He was born in La Tuque, Quebec, Canada from a family of pioneers in 1914, sixth in a family of eleven children. He began his studies at the University of Ottawa but was forced to stop due to the Great Depression.

Leclerc worked at several jobs before taking jobs as a radio announcer in Quebec City and Trois-Rivières from 1934 to 1937. In 1939, he began working as a writer at Radio-Canada in Montreal, developing scripts for radio dramas, including Je me souviens. He performed some of his earliest songs there. He also acted in various dramas, including Un Homme et son péché. He published a number of his scripts and founded a performing company which presented his plays through Quebec.

In 1950, he was discovered by Paris impresario, Jacques Canetti, and performed his songs in France to great success. He signed a recording contract with Polydor Records. He returned to Quebec in 1953. In 1958, he received the top award of the Académie Charles Cros in France for his second album. He was invested into the Order of Canada in 1971,[2] the National Order of Quebec in 1985 and became a Chevalier of the French Légion d'honneur in 1986.

He was the father of three children: the photographer and caméraman Martin Leclerc, the réalisateur Francis Leclerc and Nathalie Leclerc, general and artistic director of l’Espace Félix-Leclerc and vice-president of the Fondation Félix-Leclerc.

He died in his sleep in Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Quebec, on Île d'Orléans in 1988. A monument in his memory was constructed there in 1989.

Leclerc played a major role in revitalising the Quebec folk song ("chanson") tradition. He also was a strong voice for Quebec nationalism.

Multiple parks, roads and schools in Quebec have been named in his honour. The Félix Awards, given to Quebec recording artists, are named after him. In 2000, the Government of Canada honored him with his image on a postage stamp.

Recordings[edit]

  • Chante ses derniers succès sur disques (1951)
  • Félix Leclerc chante (1957)
  • Félix Leclerc et sa guitare (1958)
  • Félix Leclerc et sa guitare Vol. 2 (1959)
  • Félix Leclerc et sa guitare Vol. 3 (1959)
  • Le roi heureux (1962)
  • Félix Leclerc (1964)
  • Mes premières chansons (1964)
  • Moi mes chansons (1966)
  • La vie (1967)
  • L'héritage (1968)
  • Félix Leclerc dit pieds nus dans l'aube (1969)
  • J'inviterai l'enfance (1969)
  • L'alouette en colère (1972)
  • Le tour de l'île (1975)
  • Mon fils (1978)
  • Le bal (1979)
  • Mouillures (1979)
  • Prière bohémienne (1979)
  • La légende du petit ours gris (1979)

Writings[edit]

  • Adagio (tales, 1943)
  • Allegro (fables, 1944)
  • Andante (poems, 1944)
  • Pieds nus dans l'aube (novel, 1946)
  • Dialogue d'hommes et de bêtes (theater, 1949)
  • Le hamac dans les voiles (anthology, 1952)
  • Moi, mes souliers (autobiography, 1955)
  • Le fou de l'île (novel, 1958)
  • Le calepin d'un flâneur (short texts, 1961)
  • L'auberge des morts subites (theater, 1963)
  • Chansons pour tes yeux (poems, 1968)
  • Cent chansons (songs, 1970)
  • Carcajou ou le diable des bois (novel, 1973)
  • Qui est le père? (theater, 1977)
  • Le petit livre bleu de Félix ou Le nouveau calepin du même flâneur (short texts, 1978)
  • Rêves à vendre (poems, 1978)
  • Le dernier calepin (short texts, 1988)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Denise Ménard, Christian Rioux, Luc Bellemare. "Leclerc, Félix Biography". www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b The Right Honourable Roland Michener. "Félix Leclerc, O.C., G.O.Q.". www.gg.ca. Governor General of Canada. Retrieved 14 February 2011. 
  3. ^ "The 2006 CSHF Songwriter and Song Inductees" (PDF). www.cansong.ca. Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame. 15 November 2005. Retrieved 14 February 2011. 

External links[edit]