Fürstenau, Switzerland

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For other places with the same name, see Fürstenau (disambiguation).
Fürstenau
Fürstenau.jpg
Fürstenau is located in Switzerland
Fürstenau
Fürstenau
Coordinates: 46°43′N 9°26′E / 46.717°N 9.433°E / 46.717; 9.433Coordinates: 46°43′N 9°26′E / 46.717°N 9.433°E / 46.717; 9.433
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Hinterrhein
Area[1]
 • Total 1.32 km2 (0.51 sq mi)
Elevation 650 m (2,130 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 364
 • Density 280/km2 (710/sq mi)
Postal code 7414
SFOS number 3633
Surrounded by Almens, Cazis, Pratval, Scharans, Sils im Domleschg, Thusis
Website www.fuerstenau.ch
SFSO statistics

Fürstenau (Romansh: Farschno) is a municipality in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden and the smallest town to hold city rights with a market right received from Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor in 1354.

History[edit]

Fürstenau is first mentioned in 1257 as Fúrstenowo and Furstinowe. Originally there were two medieval tower houses or guard towers and a bishop's house in the area that became Fürstenau.[3] The Bishop's summer residence is of course the reason for the city right.

Geography[edit]

Fürstenau village and surrounding valley

Fürstenau has an area, as of 2006, of 1.3 km2 (0.50 sq mi). Of this area, 52.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 32.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 9.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (6.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Domleschg sub-district of the Hinterrhein district. It consists of the village of Fürstenau and Fürstenaubruck, on the right side of the valley.

Demographics[edit]

Fürstenau has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 364.[2] As of 2008, 8.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 12.5%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Fürstenau is; 29 people or 9.3% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 16 people or 5.1% are 10 to 14, and 13 people or 4.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 27 people or 8.7% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 51 people or 16.4% are 30 to 39, 36 people or 11.6% are 40 to 49, and 44 people or 14.1% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 25 people or 8.0% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 28 people or 9.0% are 70 to 79, there are 33 people or 10.6% who are 80 to 89, and there are 9 people or 2.9% who are 90 to 99.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SPS which received 32.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (30.4%), the FDP (27.2%) and the CVP (9.5%).[4]

In Fürstenau about 81% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Fürstenau has an unemployment rate of 1.85%. As of 2005, there were 11 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 4 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 133 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 15 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1803 107
1850 304
1900 235
1950 253
1980 198
2000 311

Sights[edit]

Fürstenau has three Swiss Heritage Sites of National Significance.

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Haus Stoffel, Oberes Schloss (Upper Castle) and Unteres Schloss (Lower Castle, also known as the Bishop's Castle) are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[7] As of 2014, the Oberes Schloss is an inn with a Michelin 3-star restaurant.

Languages[edit]

The municipality is predominantly German-speaking, with a small Romansh-speaking minority. As of 2000, 92.3% speaks German, with Romansh being second most common ( 3.2%) and Italian being third ( 1.9%).[4]

Languages in Fürstenau
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 170 85.86% 243 89.66% 287 92.28%
Romanish 13 6.57% 15 5.54% 10 3.22%
Italian 10 5.05% 4 1.48% 6 1.93%
Population 198 100% 271 100% 311 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Fürstenau in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 02-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 02-Oct-2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]