|Fūma Kotarō (Fifth)
|Commands held||Rappa of the Hōjō clan|
The clan was based in Kanagawa Prefecture, specializing in horseback guerrilla warfare and naval espionage. According to some sources, the family has roots in the 10th century when they served Taira no Masakado in his revolt against the Kyoto government. The use of the name started with the first leader (jonin) of the clan: originally surnamed "風間" (Fūma), with a different kanji, it was later changed to homophone 風魔. Each subsequent leader of the school adopted the same name as its founder, making it difficult to identify them individually. This school was in the service of the Hōjō clan of Odawara.
Fūma Kotarō was the fifth and the best known of the Fūma clan leaders. Born in Sagami Province (modern Kanagawa Prefecture) on an unknown date, he became notorious as the leader of a band of 200 Rappa "battle disrupters", divided into four groups: brigands, pirates, burglars and thieves. Kotarō served under Hōjō Ujimasa and Hōjō Ujinao. His biggest achievement came in 1580, when the Fūma ninja covertly infiltrated and attacked a camp of the Takeda clan forces under Takeda Katsuyori at night, succeeding in causing severe chaos in the camp, which resulted in mass fratricide among the disoriented enemies. In 1590, Toyotomi Hideyoshi laid siege to Odawara Castle, which eventually fell, and the Hōjō clan was forced to surrender.
When the Tokugawa shogunate came to power, the remnants of Fūma-ryū were reduced to a band of brigands operating in and around Edo. A popular story says that in 1596 he was responsible for the death of Hattori Hanzō, a famous ninja in the service of Tokugawa Ieyasu, who had tracked him down in the Inland Sea, but Kotarō has succeeded in luring him into a small channel, where a tide trapped the Tokugawa gunboats and his men then set fire to the channel with oil. Kotarō was eventually caught by the shogunate's special law-enforcement force, guided by his rival and a former Takeda ninja Kosaka Jinnai (高坂甚内), and executed through beheading by an order of Ieyasu in 1603.
In popular culture
In various works of fiction, Fūma Kotarō is often depicted as Hattori Hanzō's arch-rival. As the name Fūma literally means "wind demon", Fūma Kotarō's depiction is frequently more flamboyant, fantastical, and sometimes even demonic; in contrast is Hanzō, who is usually rendered with a relatively subdued appearance.
He is featured in the manga Hana no Keiji: Kumo no Kanata ni. In the Super Famicom video game of the same title, Fūma Kotarō is the final opponent that Keiji Maeda has to fight against.
He is a main character in the World Heroes fighting game series (as "Fuuma", also featured in Neo Geo Battle Coliseum together with his main rival Hanzo) and in Getsu Fūma Den, and is a player character in the video games Onimusha 2: Samurai's Destiny (as a young ninja in the service of the Hōjō clan, also returning in Onimusha Tactics) and Samurai Warriors 2 along with its spin-off Warriors Orochi (as Hanzō's foe, who, despite serving the Hōjō clan, prefers chaos and continually makes trouble for many factions). He is also featured in the video games Nobunaga's Ambition II, Taikō Risshiden V (an unlockable player character), Sengoku Basara 2 (initially as an NPC, he became playable in the Heroes edition), Sengoku Basara 3, Kessen III (an optional bonus character), Persona 2: Eternal Punishment (summonable as a persona), Pokémon Conquest (playable character in a sidequest) and Shall We Date?: Ninja Love (a romance option or the player character).
He is featured in the manga series Nabari no Ou (where he appears as the shape-shifting leader of the Fūma ninja village and an ally of the protagonist), and also makes an appearance in the light novel series Mirage of Blaze (during the story arc involving the Hōjō clan), the manga series Yaiba (revived by Onimaru), the manga and anime series Samurai Deeper Kyo (as Sarutobi Sasuke's childhood friend and rival) and Karasu Tengu Kabuto. The anime series Sengoku Collection features a female interpretation of Kotarō, being a servant to the female version of Imagawa Yoshimoto.
His 18th century descendant Fūma Kotarō Kaneyoshi is the hero's nemesis through most of the TV series The Samurai, while a modern one is a player character in the video game Ninja Commando. The Fūma clan is also featured in the TV series Shogun Iemitsu Shinobi Tabi and the video games Yakuza 2, Inindo: Way of the Ninja and in the Soul series (represented there by a runaway ninja Taki; Soul's and Tekken's Yoshimitsu also used the Fumaken sword since Tekken 6).
Characters who are modern-day descendants of the Fūma clan include title characters in the manga series Fūma no Kojirō and the anime film The Plot of the Fuma Clan, as well as two of the main characters in the manga X. In the manga and anime series Naruto, the character Pain was revealed to have a body that originated from the Fūma clan when he kills his rival Hanzō; there is also another Fūma clan. A very large shuriken is often called "Fuma Shuriken".
- Stephen K. Hayes, Ninja: Legacy of the Night Warrior, p.16
- Donn F. Draeger, Ninjutsu: The Art of Invisibility, p.129-130
- Stephen K. Hayes, The Mystic Arts of the Ninja: Hypnotism, Invisibility, and Weaponry, p.4
- Joel Levy, Ninja: The Shadow Warrior, p.165-166
- "Shall We Date?: Ninja Love".
- Fuuma Shuriken - Television Tropes & Idioms