Fūrinkazan

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Fūrinkazan

Fūrinkazan (風林火山?), literally "Wind, Forest, Fire, Mountain", was the battle standard used by the Sengoku period daimyo Takeda Shingen, quoting chapter 7 of Sun Tzu's The Art of War: "as swift as wind, as orderly as forest, as fierce as fire, as unshakeable as mountain."

The original Chinese appears separated in two consecutive passages:

Chapter 7, passage 17: “故其疾如風,其徐如林“ Let your rapidity be that of the wind, your compactness that of the forest.

Chapter 7, passage 18: “侵掠如火,不動如山“ In raiding and plundering be like fire, be immovable like a mountain.

The complete verse (chapter 7 passages 17-19) is "故其疾如風、其徐如林、侵掠如火、難知如陰、不動如山、動如雷霆", and as such it is notable that fūrinkazan omits "難知如陰" Be as hard to know as the shadow and "動如雷霆" Move as fast as lightning.

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