Fédération Internationale d'Escrime

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Fédération Internationale d'Escrime
Fédération Internationale d'Escrime.svg
Sport Fencing
Founded November 29, 1913; 100 years ago (1913-11-29)
President  Russia Alisher Usmanov
Official website www.fie.ch
Headquarters of the FIE at the Maison du Sport International in Lausanne

The Fédération Internationale d'Escrime (FIE) (English: International Fencing Federation) is the international governing body of Olympic fencing. Today, its head office is at the Maison du Sport International in Lausanne, Switzerland. The FIE is composed of 145 national federations, each of which is recognized by its country's Olympic Committee as the sole representative of Olympic-style fencing in that country.

Since its inception in 1913, there have been fourteen different presidents. The current president of the federation is Alisher Usmanov.

History[edit]

Allegory of fencing by Václav Česák, presented to the Olympic Museum by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime in celebration of its centenary

The Fédération Internationale d'Escrime is the heir of the Société d'encouragement de l'escrime founded in France in 1882, which took part in the global movement of structuring sport.[1] The first international fencing congress was held in Brussels, Belgium in 1897 at the instigation of the Fédération belge des cercles d'escrime, followed by another one in Paris in 1900.[2] At this occasion the Société organised one of the first international fencing events; French, Italian, Spanish, and Belgian fencers attended the competition.[3] Dissensions rapidly arose between epeists and foilists, which held the majority at the Société. The third congress held in Brussels in 1905 voted the creation of an international fencing committee whose mission would be of fostering friendship amongst all fencers, establishing national rules, and supporting the organization of fencing competitions.[4] The 3rd congress also adopted the French rules as the basis for upcoming international competitions. New tensions appeared, this time between France and Italy, about the regulatory weapon grip. They led to the boycott by France of the fencing events of the 1912 Olympic Games.[5] A new international congress was called together in Ghent, Belgium, in July 1913. The main matter was the adoption of international regulations for each of the three weapons. The French rules were adopted in épée and foil; the Hungarian rules were chosen for sabre.[6] Frenchman René Lacroix also campaigned for the creation of an international fencing federation.

The Fédération Internationale d'Escrime was founded on November 29, 1913, in the conference rooms of the Automobile Club de France in Paris.[7] The nine founding nations were Belgium, Bohemia (now the Czech Republic), France, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, and Norway. Albert Feyerick, president of the Federation of fencing clubs of Belgium, was elected as the first president. The FIE held its first congress on June 23, 1914 and accepted the adhesion of seven new countries: Austria, Denmark, Monaco, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, and the United States.[8]

Events[edit]

World Championships[edit]

Competitions organized by FIE include the Fencing World Championships and the Fencing World Cup.

Olympics[edit]

People[edit]

Presidents of the FIE[edit]

A list of FIE Presidents from 1913 to the present:[9]

Athletes[edit]

National Federations[edit]

As of 2012, the FIE recognizes 145 affiliated national federations.[10]

Africa (CAE) America (CPE) Asia (AFC) Europe (CEE) Oceania (OFC)

 Algeria
 Benin
 Botswana
 Burkina Faso
 Ivory Coast
 Republic of the Congo
 Cameroon
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Egypt
 Gabon
 Equatorial Guinea
 Guinea
 Libya
 Madagascar
 Mali
 Morocco
 Mauritania
 Mauritius
 Namibia
 Niger
 Nigeria
 Senegal
 Sierra Leone
 Somalia
 South Africa
 Togo
 Tunisia

 Antigua and Barbuda
 Argentina
 Aruba
 Bahamas
 Barbados
 Belize
 Bermuda
 Bolivia
 Brazil
 Canada
 Chile
 Colombia
 Costa Rica
 Cuba
 Dominica
 Dominican Republic
 Ecuador
 El Salvador
 Guatemala
 Guyana
 Honduras
 Jamaica
 Mexico
 Nicaragua
 Panama
 Paraguay
 Peru
 Puerto Rico
 United States
 United States Virgin Islands
 Uruguay
 Venezuela

 Afghanistan
 Saudi Arabia
 Bangladesh
 Bahrain
 Brunei
 Cambodia
 China
 South Korea
 North Korea
 United Arab Emirates
 Philippines
 Guam
 Hong Kong
 India
 Indonesia
 Iran
 Iraq
 Japan
 Jordan
 Kazakhstan
 Kyrgyzstan
 Kuwait
 Lebanon
 Macau
 Burma
 Malaysia
 Mongolia
   Nepal
 Palestine
 Qatar
 Singapore
 Sri Lanka
 Syria
 Thailand
 Chinese Taipei
 Tajikistan
 Turkmenistan
 Uzbekistan
 Vietnam
 Yemen

 Albania
 Armenia
 Austria
 Azerbaijan
 Belgium
 Belarus
 Bulgaria
 Cyprus
 Croatia
 Denmark
 Slovakia
 Slovenia
 Spain
 Estonia
 Finland
 France
 Georgia
 Germany
 Greece
 Hungary
 Ireland
 Iceland
 Israel
 Italy
 Latvia
 Lithuania
 Luxembourg
 Macedonia
 Malta
 Moldova
 Monaco
 Norway
 Netherlands
 Poland
 Portugal
 Czech Republic
 United Kingdom
 Romania
 Russia
 San Marino
 Serbia
 Sweden
  Switzerland
 Turkey
 Ukraine

 Australia
 New Zealand


Note: As of 7 July 2012, the Netherlands Antilles is still listed as an FIE Member nation and 146 member nations are listed on the FIE's membership page. However, after the country was dissolved, it lost its National Olympic Committee status in 2011. At the 2012 Olympics, athletes from the former Netherlands Antilles were eligible to participate as independent athletes under the Olympic flag (no fencers competed).

References[edit]

  • Ottogalli, Cécile; Six, Gérard; Terret, Thierry (2013). L'Histoire de l'escrime. 1913–2013, un siècle de Fédération internationale d'escrime. Biarritz: Atlantica. ISBN 978-2-7588-0485-7. FIE100. 

External links[edit]