|11th Premier of Quebec|
May 24, 1897 – September 25, 1900
|Lieutenant Governor||Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau
|Preceded by||Edmund James Flynn|
|Succeeded by||Simon-Napoléon Parent|
|Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Saint-Jean|
|Succeeded by||Philippe-Honoré Roy|
January 9, 1832|
Dorchester (Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu), Lower Canada
|Died||September 25, 1900
Quebec City, Quebec
Félix-Gabriel Marchand (January 9, 1832 – September 25, 1900) was a journalist, author, notary and politician in Quebec, Canada. He was the 11th Premier of Quebec from May 24, 1897 to September 25, 1900.
Born in what is Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec today, he was the son of Lt.-Colonel Gabriel Marchand (1780–1852) J.P., and Mary MacNider, a woman of the Anglican faith, daughter of the pioneering John MacNider, 2nd Seigneur of Metis, Quebec. As a child, Marchand attended English schools and was taught in French at the age of 11. Fluently bilingual, Marchand became a journalist and writer. He became a notary and practised this profession for 45 years, but continued journalism and writing as well.
He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec in the 1867 Quebec provincial election for the district of Saint-Jean and retained his seat for 33 years until his death. He was Leader of the Opposition from 1892 to 1897, and then won the 1897 election as leader of the Liberal Party.
As premier, Marchand attempted to create a Ministry of Education in 1898. At the time, education was entirely in the hands of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church in the province. His legislation was passed by the Legislative Assembly (the lower chamber of Quebec's legislature), but was defeated in the Legislative Council (the upper house). It was not until 1964 that a Ministry of Education was finally created in Quebec.
He won the 1897 election and died in office in 1900.
- Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
- "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.
|Legislative Assembly of Quebec|
Jonathan Saxton Campbell Würtele
|Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec
1887-01-27 – 1892-04-26
|Professional and academic associations|
|President of the Royal Society of Canada
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