Führer Directives

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The Führer Directives were instructions and strategic plans issued by Adolf Hitler himself. They covered a wide range of subjects from detailed direction of military units in World War II to the governance of occupied territories and their populations. Under the Nazi system, they were binding, to be followed to the letter and superseded any other law.

They should not be confused with the Führer Orders, issued late in the war, which were more precise and low-level and could be written or oral. They were as binding as the more general directives.[1]

The Directives[edit]

Directive No Date issued Subject
1 August 31, 1939 Plan of Attack on Poland German Invasion of Poland; text of Directive
2 September 3, 1939 Hostilities in the West
3 September 9, 1939 Transfer of Forces from Poland to the West
4 September 25, 1939 Finishing the War in Poland
5 September 30, 1939 Partition of Poland
6 October 9, 1939 Plans for Offensive in the West
7 October 18, 1939 Preparations for Attack in the West
8 November 20, 1939 Further Preparations for Attack in the West
9 November 29, 1939 Instructions for Warfare against the Economy of the Enemy
10 January 19-February 18, 1940 Concentration of Forces for "Undertaking Yellow"
10a March, 1940 Case "Weser Exercise" against Denmark and Norway Operation Weserübung
11 May 14, 1940 The Offensive in the West
12 May 18, 1940 Prosecution of the Attack in the West
13 May 24, 1940 Next Object in the West
14 June 8, 1940 Continuation of the Offensive in France
15 June 14, 1940 Advance on the Loire
16 July 16, 1940 Operation Sea Lion text of Directive
17 August 1, 1940 Battle of Britain text of Directive
18 November 12, 1940 Seizure of Gibraltar Operation Felix; text of Directive
19 December 10, 1940 German occupation of Vichy France Operation Attila; text of Directive
20 December 13, 1940 German invasion of Greece Operation Marita; text of Directive
21 December 18, 1940 Invasion of the Soviet Union Operation Barbarossa; text of Directive; alternative text of Directive
22 January 11, 1941 German Support for Battles in the Mediterranean Area
23 February 6, 1941 Directions for Operations against the English War Economy
24 March 5, 1941 Co-operation with Japan
25 March 27, 1941 Plan of Attack on Yugoslavia Operation 25
26 April 3, 1941 Co-operation with our Allies in the Balkans
27 April 4, 1941 Plan of Attack on Greece
28 April 25, 1941 Invasion of Crete Operation Mercury; text of Directive
29 May 17, 1941 Proposed Military Government of Greece text of Directive
30 May 23, 1941 Support of anti-British forces in Iraq (see Führer Directive No. 30)
31 June 9, 1941 German Military Organisation in the Balkans
32 July 11, 1941 Plans following defeat of the Soviet Union Operation Orient; text of Directive
32 supplement July 14, 1941 Use of Resources following defeat of the Soviet Union text of Directive
33 July 19, 1941 Continuation of the War in the East Two Panzer Groups were removed from Army Group Centre, depriving it of the armour needed to attack Moscow.[2]
34 July 30, 1941 Strengthening Soviet resistance
34 supplement August 12, 1941
35 September 6, 1941 Moscow Offensive Operation Typhoon
36 September 22, 1941 Instructions for Winter operations in Norway Instructions to the Army High Command, Norway, the navy and the air force for winter operations in and around Norway
37
38
39 December 8, 1941 Abandoning the Offensive
40 March 23, 1942 Competence of Commanders in Coastal Areas Command Organization of the Coasts Atlantic Wall;[3] text of Directive
41 April 5, 1942 Summer Campaign in the Soviet Union Operation Blue
42 May 29, 1942 Instructions for operations against unoccupied France and the Iberian Peninsula Operation Attila replaced by Case Anton; Operation Isabella cancelled; text of Directive
43 July 11, 1942 Continuation of Operations from the Crimea
44 July 21, 1942 Operations in Northern Finland
45 July 23, 1942 Continuation of Operation Brunswick
46 August 18, 1942 Instructions for Intensified Action Against Banditry in the East
47
48
49
50 September 28, 1943 Concerning the preparations for the withdrawal of 20th Mountain Army to Northern Finland and Northern Norway
51 November 3, 1943 Preparations for a two-front war text of Directive
52

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wade, Michael S (2002). Leadership's adversary: winning the war between leadership and management. Nova Science Publishing. p. 15. ISBN 1-59033-211-3. 
  2. ^ Peter Antill, Peter Dennis (2007). Stalingrad 1942. Osprey Publishing. p. 9. ISBN: 1-84603-028-5. 
  3. ^ Zaloga, Steven J. (2007). The Atlantic Wall. Osprey Publishing. p. 9. ISBN: 9781846031298.