|Some or all of this article's listed sources may not be reliable. (December 2014)|
|Origin||Seoul, South Korea|
|Associated acts||SM Town|
f(x) (/ /; Korean: 에프엑스) is a five-member multi-national K-pop girl group formed by S.M. Entertainment in 2009. The group consists of Victoria, Amber, Luna, Sulli, and Krystal. They are renowned for their experimental fashion and their eclectic, electropop sound. Each member has also participated in other forms of entertainment, such as acting and television hosting.
f(x) is one of the few K-pop groups to receive international recognition, as they were the first K-pop act to perform at SXSW and their widely acclaimed second album, Pink Tape, was the only K-pop album chosen by the American music channel Fuse to be among the "The 41 Best Albums" of 2013.
Casting and pre-debut
Krystal was first spotted by S.M. Entertainment in 2000 on a family visit to Korea, which earned her a small role in Shinhwa's "Wedding March (Neoui Gyeoteseo 2)" (너의 곁에서 2) music video. Sulli debuted as a child actress in 2005 when she was selected to play young Princess Seonhwa of Silla in the SBS television drama, Ballad of Seo Dong. In 2006, the agency recruited Luna after seeing her perform on the television program Truth Game. Victoria was spotted by one of S.M. Entertainment's agents at a Beijing dance competition in September 2007, and later joined the company. Two months later, Amber was cast through S.M. Global Auditions in Los Angeles, California, where she signed a contract to become one of two trainees.
2009–2011: NU ABO and Pinocchio
f(x) was introduced, as the "Asia's Pop Dance Group", through a video teaser released on August 24, 2009. Their debut single, "La Cha Ta", was released on September 1. On September 2, the group performed for the first time at a showcase held at the Samseong-dong Fashion Center. Then on September 5, they also had their first broadcast performance on the MBC's music show Music Core. In October, f(x) promoted the LG Chocolate cellphone alongside label mates Girls' Generation. Both groups released their own rendition of the song "Chocolate Love", with f(x)'s being an electro-pop version on October 8. Their first physical single, "Chu~♥", was released on November 9. A month later, the group appeared as special guests at Girls' Generation's Into the New World concert held at the Olympic Fencing Gymnasium on December 19 and 20.
In January 2010, f(x) collaborated with Chinese boy band M.I.C. to promote the LG Cyon cellphone. They released a Chinese cover of "Lollipop", written by Julius Dixson and Beverly Ross, on January 2. Subsequently, their first extended play, Nu ABO, was released on May 4. Consisting of six tracks, the lead single "Nu ABO" topped various online music portal charts in Korea, and also become one of the Gaon Chart's weekly number-one singles. The group held their first performance of the song on KBS's Music Bank on May 7. Amber went on hiatus in June due to an ankle injury, with remaining group activities of the year carried out without her. The group began performing "Mr. Boogie", from Nu ABO, on music shows starting on July 17. f(x) participated in the SMTown Live '10 World Tour on August 21 at the Seoul Jamsil Olympic Stadium. They also performed in Tokyo, Shanghai, Los Angeles, and Paris on later dates. This marks the first time f(x) and their fellow label mates have performed outside of Asia. f(x) was later announced to have been signed to Japan's Avex Entertainment, and their albums will be released under the label in Japan, Taiwan, China, and Hong Kong.
In early 2011, member Amber returned to the group from her hiatus. Their full-length studio album Pinocchio, along with its lead single, "Pinocchio (Danger)", was released on April 20. The group held their first performance of the single on KBS's Music Bank on April 22 and achieved eight wins with "Pinocchio (Danger)" on various music shows. They subsequently re-released their first full-length album on June 14 under the title Hot Summer. The album came with eleven original songs including, "Hot Summer", a remake of a Monrose song written by Thomas Troelsen and Remee, as well as three previous digital singles "La Cha Ta", "Chu~♥" and "Is It Ok?". In August 2011, f(x) released an OST song called "Garagabana" for the online game Bust-a-Move, and in December, they released an English song entitled "1, 2, 3" as part of the 2011 Winter SMTown – The Warmest Gift album.
2012–2013: Electric Shock, Japanese debut, and Pink Tape
f(x) released their second EP titled Electric Shock on June 10, 2012. The album reached the number one spot on both the US and Canadian iTunes electronic albums chart soon after its release. On Jun 14, the group began promotions for the album, starting on Mnet's M! Countdown. They performed both the title track "Electric Shock" and another song "Jet" as a part of their special comeback stage. The group eventually achieved 9 wins on various music shows. Subsequently, f(x) debuted in Japan by releasing a Japanese remake of "Hot Summer" in mid-August. The song was also selected as the commercial background song for Uminoie Resort. On November 30, f(x) received the "Best Dance Performance - Female Group" award for "Electric Shock" at the 2012 Mnet Asian Music Awards in Hong Kong. Upon its release, the EP received widespread acclaim from South Korean critics, many commending its cohesive production and f(x)'s newfound sonic direction.
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In January 2013, the songs "Electric Shock" and "Jet" were both nominated for "Best Dance" and "Electronic Song" at the 10th Annual Korean Music Awards. In regards to the two songs being nominated in the same category, a representative of the KMAs stated, "This is due to the corresponding songs having excellent music reviews and rather than disregarding them because it is from the same artist, we chose to recognize their excellence".
In March, f(x) became the first K-pop artist to perform at the SXSW, a festival held annually in Austin, Texas. The group were being listed by Fuse as one of the "30 Must-See Acts" at the event." During this trip to the U.S., they also filmed a Funny or Die sketch with Anna Kendrick. These events were documented and shown in the variety show Go f(x). Later in the year, f(x) performed at the Hong Kong Dome Festival on July 1. On July 29, the group's second full-length album Pink Tape was released. Their showcase, f(x) Music Spoiler - Play! Pink Tape, was held through Naver Music on the same day. The album consisted of twelve tracks, with "Rum Pum Pum Pum" as the lead single. It peaked at number one on multiple music charts internationally, including Billboard's World Albums, Gaon. It also received critical acclaim, most notably being described as "experimental, steeped in quirky, boundary-pushing electronic sounds with woozy harmonies", and became the only Kpop album released in 2013 to be ranked as "The 41 Best Albums of 2013", by Fuse. f(x) began promotions for the album starting with M! Countdown on July 25. Besides the lead single, f(x) also performed "Airplane" as a special stage on M! Countdown and Show Champion. "Rum Pum Pum Pum" achieved four wins on various music shows, The song also ranked #3 on billboard's "20 Best K-Pop Songs of 2013".
At the end of the year, f(x) and EXO held two joint concerts together, titled SMTOWN WEEK f(x) & EXO Christmas Wonderland, at KINTEX and Ilsan on December 24 and 25. f(x) showcased the group's previous hit songs and new tracks from the 2nd album "Pink Tape", including "Step" and "No More" as well as several other special performances with EXO. During various Chinese variety shows, f(x) has covered a popular classic Chinese song by Teresa Teng "Tian Mi Mi", singing their version in three different languages, Korean, Chinese, and English.
2014: Red Light
Earlier in the year, f(x) grabbed home "The Group Artist" award at 20th Korean Entertainment Arts Awards, "Disk Bonsang" at 28th Golden Disk Awards, as well as "Best Overseas Artist Performance" at Yin Yue Feng Yun Bang Awards held in China. During the Golden Disk Awards ceremony, Krystal, Luna and Amber did a cover of Girls' Generation's "The Boys".
f(x)'s third studio album Red Light was released on July 7. Since its release, the album and lead single "Red Light" has topped all 9 music charts in South Korea. Besides the lead single, other tracks such as “Milk”, “All Night”, “Butterfly”, “Paper Heart” and “Rainbow” also took up spots in the top 10 on Genie, Olleh and Bugs charts. Red Light is of the electronic house genre with the meaningful message of if one stops for a bit, then one can enjoy the precious things in life. The album experiments with different sounds and has a total of eleven tracks.
In regard to some mixed reviews regarding the album's dark and eerie concept, f(x) discussed that they themselves like new challenges and don’t think of this comeback as “tough.” Krystal further added that she likes this current concept because a lot of times she’s given roles that make her look pretty, but just this once she wanted something that would make her look darker and different.
Fuse TV described the group as the K-Pop's top hipsters, having their "Red Light" music video reaching more than 2 million views on YouTube on first day. The music video was also ranked as the most viewed K-pop videos in America and around the world during the month of July.
On July 17, f(x) performed on MNet's M!Countdown without Sulli, with SM Entertainment saying that Sulli was sick and thus was unable to perform. However, when Sulli did not appear in the next few Red Light promotions and f(x)'s Korean promotion schedule was abruptly cleared for the rest of the month, it led to speculation that Sulli would be leaving the group (or that the group itself would be disbanding).
On July 24, SM Entertainment posted an official statement on the group's homepage, stating that due to Sulli becoming "mentally and physically exhausted from the continuous, malicious comments and false rumors" that has been spread about her in the past year, she is now taking a temporary hiatus from the entertainment industry, though she still remains a member of the group. The remaining members would now focus on their solo activities and continue any group activities without Sulli for the time being. During August, Pitchfork listed "Shadow", "Rum Pum Pum Pum", and "Red Light" as part of the best 20 essential K-pop songs in recent years.
- SM Town Live '10 World Tour (2010-2011)
- SM Town Live World Tour III (2012-2013)
- SM Town Week: "Christmas Wonderland" (with EXO) (2013)
- SM Town Live World Tour IV (2014–present)
- Girls' Generation The 1st Asia Tour: Into the New World
- Super Junior The 3rd Asia Tour: Super Show 3
- Shinee The 1st Concert: Shinee World
- Super Junior The World Tour: Super Show 4
- 2013 SXSW South By Southwest
|2012||"I AM."||Documentary of SMTown Live '11 World Tour in New York||As themselves|
|2010||Hello f(x)||f(x) travel to Africa, Thailand, and Japan.|
|2010–11||f(x)'s Koala||Amber didn't participate in the series due to an ankle injury.|
|2010–present||Star King||Members have recurring roles on the show.|
|2013||Amazing f(x)||f(x) travel to New Zealand to complete their bucket lists.|
|2013||Go! f(x)||The show highlights f(x)'s trip to Austin, LA, and Hollywood.|
- f(x)’s ‘Red Light’ video surpasses 2m hits on first day Koreaherald.com (July 4, 2014). Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- Studarus, Laura (June–July 2014). "Seoul Sisters". NYLON magazine.
- Girls’ Generation’s Jessica & f(x)’s Krystal got scouted on the street by SM Entertainment (in Korean) Newsen.com (September 12, 2009). Retrieved on June 9, 2014.
- Ryu Seung-yoon (March 30, 2010). "Korean-Chinese girl group to debut next week". The Korea Herald. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- May Myong Won Cho (August 12, 2012). "[Happy Birthday] f(x)’s Luna Turns 19". enewsWorld (Mwave). Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- f(x) Introductory Teaser on SM Entertainment Official Youtube Channel Youtube.com (July 6, 2011). Retrieved on May 22, 2014
- New albums & Singles Review for September 2009 Soompi.com (September 6, 2009). Retrieved on May 22, 2014.
- "La Cha Ta" on SM Entertainment Official Youtube Channel Youtube.com (July 6, 2011). Retrieved on May 22, 2014.
- f(x)'s debut performance on MBC MusicCore Allkpop.com (September 5, 2009). Retrieved on May 22, 2014.
- LG "Chocolate Love" CF (in Korean) ibtimes.co.kr (October 9, 2009). Retrieved on November 16, 2010.
- SNSD & f(x)'s Chocolate Love are released Allkpop.com (October 8, 2009). Retrieved on May 22, 2014.
- f(x) to release 1st album Allkpop.com (November 3, 2009). Retrieved on May 22, 2014.
- Girls’ Generation Impresses Fans With First Concert Koreatimes.co.kr (December 21, 2009). Retrieved on May 27, 2014
- f(x)’s NU ABO is already No. 1 on the charts Allkpop.com (May 5, 2010). Retrieved on September 7, 2011.
- f(x) Nu ABO MV to be released on May 6th! Community.livejournal.com (May 4, 2010). Retrieved on June 20, 2010.
- SM Entertainment to launch world tour Koreatimes.co.kr (July 2, 2010). Retrieved on July 5, 2010.
- Avex promises full-fleged support of SM Entertainment artists Hancinema.net (November 25, 2010). Retrieved on June 14, 2014.
- f(x) Amber to return and info on new releases (in Korean) News.mk.co.kr (January 15, 2011). Retrieved on January 19, 2011.
- f(x)’s "Hot Summer" will be a remake. Bad idea? Probably. Seoulbeats.com (June 12, 2011). Retrieved on July 12, 2011.
- f(x)'s repackaged album and ‘Hot Summer’ (in Korean) News.naver.com (June 8, 2011). Retrieved on July 12, 2011.
- f(x) reveals OST for ‘Puzzle Bubble’ online game Allkpop.com (August 14, 2011). Retrieved on September 11, 2011.
- 2011 SMTOWN Winter [The Warmest Gift] will be Released on the 13th! Facebook.com (December 6, 2011). Retrieved on May 27, 2014.
- "Electric Shock" f(x)'s surprise comeback (in Korean) News.nate.com (June 4, 2012). Retrieved on June 4, 2012.
- f(x) releases ‘Electric Shock’ Allkpop.com (June 9, 2012). Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- f(x) 'Electric Shock' on iTunes Electronic Album Chart (Korean) News.naver.com (June 12, 2012). Retrieved on August 6, 2013.
- f(x) #1 on U.S. and Canada’s Electronic Album iTunes Chart; All-Kill in Korea My.entertainment.yahoo.com (June 12, 2012) Retrieved on August 6, 2013.
- f(x) to Make It a ‘Hot Summer’ in Japan. Ph.omg.yahoo.com (July 19, 2012). Retrieved May 27, 2014
- f(x) - Electric Shock | :: 음악웹진 스캐터브레인 ::. scatterbrain.co.kr (July 2, 2012). Retrieved March 2, 2015
- Nominees for the 10th Korean Music Awards Announced Koreanindie.com (January 29, 2013). Retrieved on August 6, 2013.
- 한국대중음악상 (In Korean) Koreanmusicawards.com (2013). Retrieved on August 6, 2013.
- f(x) Talks About Performing as First K-Pop Act at SXSW Billboard.com (March 26, 2013). Retrieved on May 27, 2014.
- 30 Must-See Acts at SXSW 2013 Fuse.tv (February 28, 2013). Retrieved on August 6, 2013.
- US Media Fuse Thinks f(x) Is A Must-See at SXSW 2013 in Austin KpopStarz.com (August 2, 2013). Retrieved on August 6, 2013.
- Anna Kendrick goes K-Pop with f(x) YouTube.com (April 10, 2013). Retrieved on August 6, 2013.
- Go f(x) on MnetAmerica's official Youtube page Youtube.com (July 24, 2013). Retrieved on May 21, 2014.
- Q&A: f(x) Reacts to Topping K-Pop Hot 100 & World Albums Chart (Exclusive) Billboard.com (September 11, 2013). Retrieved on May 27, 2014.
- Gaon Album Chart August 2013 Gaon.co.kr (August 2013). Retrieved on May 30, 2014.
- f(x)′s Album Listed as Fuse TV’s ‘The 41 Best Albums of 2013’ M.enewsworld.interest.me (December 20, 2013). Retrieved on January 1, 2014.
- f(x) win #1 + Performances from August 9th 'Music Bank'! Allkpop.com (August 9, 2013). Retrieved on May 27, 2014.
- f(x) wins #1 + Performances from the August 11th episode of SBS' 'Inkigayo' Allkpop.com (August 11, 2013). Retrieved on May 27, 2014.
- f(x) sweeps the music charts with Rum Pum Pum Pum Sg.entertainment.yahoo.com (July 31, 2013). Retrieved on January 1, 2014.
- 20 Best K-Pop Songs of 2013 - K Town Picks Billboard.com (December 23, 2013). Retrieved on May 27, 2014
- More details about f(x) and EXO's concert 'Christmas Wonderland' Allkpop.com (December 24, 2013). Retrieved on May 27, 2014.
- f(x) sing 'Tian Mi Mi' & 'Rum Pum Pum Pum' at Hunan TV Dkpopnews.net (January 1, 2014). Retrieved on May 27, 2014.
- EXO, f(x), A Pink and more win awards at the '20th Korean Entertainment Arts Awards' Allkpop.com (February 8, 2014). Retrieved on May 27, 2014
- Winners from the '28th Golden Disk Awards' Allkpop.com (January 16, 2014). Retrieved on May 27, 2014
- f(x) and Super Junior-M pick up awards at China's 'Yin Yue Feng Yun Bang Awards' Allkpop.com (April 15, 2014). Retrieved on May 27, 2014.
- EXO & f(x) cover TVXQ, Super Junior, and Girls' Generation at '28th Golden Disk Awards' Allkpop.com (January 16, 2014). Retrieved on May 27, 2014
- f(x) Krystal's intense teaser image for new album News.nate.com (June 26, 2014). Retrieved on June 26, 2014.
- f(x)’s Red Light Achieves All-kills on all 9 Music Charts Koreaboo.com (July 7, 2014). Retrieved on July 7, 2014.
- f(x) Tops Eight Music Charts with “Red Light” Soompi.com (July 6, 2014). Retrieved on July 7, 2014.
- Krystal clarifies the dark transformation of f(x) "Even if we are not pretty..." (in Korean) Mydaily.co.kr (July 4, 2014). Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- f(x) Are K-Pop's Top Hipsters With New Single "Red Light" Fuse.tv (July 3, 2014). Retrieved on July 3, 2014.
- Most Viewed K-Pop Videos in America & Around the World: July 2014 Billboard (August 7, 2014). Retrieved on August 7, 2014.
- "f(x) Grabbed the First Place While Sulli Absent from the Show". Koreabizwire.com. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
- "F(x) Sulli Disband". Kpopstarz.com. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
- "Rumors Force Sulli To Take A Break From Performing". KDramaStars. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
- f(x)'s Sulli to take a temporary hiatus from her activities + 'Red Light' promotions revealed to have come to an end Allkpop.com (July 24, 2014). Retrieved on July 27, 2014.
- SM Releases Official Statement Announcing f(x) Sulli Will Stop All Promotional Activities Mwave.interest.me (July 25, 2014). Retrieved on July 25, 2014.
- Breaking: f(x) Sulli to take break from entertainment industry, f(x) to end all promotions Blog.koreaboo.com (July 2014). Retrieved on July 27, 2014.
- Pitchfork - Top 20 Essential K-pop songs (Page 1) Pitchfork.com (August 2014). Retrieved on August 7, 2014.
- Pitchfork - Top 20 Essential K-pop songs (Page 3) Pitchfork.com (August 2014). Retrieved on August 7, 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to F(x) (band).|
- Official website (Korean)
|Awards and achievements|
|Korean Music Awards: Group Musician of the Year
|14th Mnet Asian Music Awards - Best Female Dance Performance