F.C. Porto

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Porto
FC Porto.svg
Full name Futebol Clube do Porto
Nickname(s) Dragões (team)
Portistas (supporters)
Azuis e Brancos (team and supporters)
Short name Porto
Founded 28 September 1893 (120 years ago)
as Foot-Ball Club do Porto
Ground Estádio do Dragão
Porto, Portugal
Ground Capacity 50,431[1]
President Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa
Manager Luís Castro
League Primeira Liga
2013–14 Primeira Liga, 3rd
Website Club home page
Home colours
Away colours
Third colours
Current season

Futebol Clube do Porto MH IH MH OM[2] (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˌfuteˈbɔɫ ˈklube du ˈpoɾtu]) (EuronextFCP), commonly known as F.C. Porto or simply Porto, is a Portuguese sports club based in Porto, which is mostly known for its professional association football team. Founded in 28 September 1893,[3][4][5][6] it is one of the "Big Three" (Portuguese: Três Grandes) teams in Portugal, together with Benfica and Sporting CP, who have never been relegated from the top flight of Portuguese football since the Primeira Liga was created in 1933. The team is nicknamed Dragões (Dragons), for the mythological creature standing atop the club's crest, or Azuis e brancos (Blue and white), for their kit colours; their supporters are called Portistas.

As of 2014, Porto are the most successful Portuguese club, having won a total of 74 senior titles. Domestically, they have 67 titles (one less than Benfica), including 27 Primeira Liga titles. Porto are the only team to have won a record five consecutive league titles, between 1994–95 and 1998–99. Other national honours won by the club include the Portuguese Cup (16 times), the defunct Championship of Portugal (four times, record holder with Sporting CP) and the Portuguese Super Cup (20 times, record holder, together with the record of five consecutive wins). Porto became the second team in Portuguese league history (after Benfica) to twice complete a full 30-game season without defeats, namely in the 2010–11 and 2012–13 seasons. In the former season, Porto achieved the largest difference ever between champion and runners-up (21 points) in a 3 points-per-win system.

Porto is an internationally successful team, having won the European Cup/UEFA Champions League in 1987 and 2004, the UEFA Cup/Europa League in 2003 and 2011, the UEFA Super Cup in 1987, and the Intercontinental Cup in 1987 and 2004, for a total of seven titles. They are the only Portuguese team to have won any of the last three competitions and one of few teams in the world to have won three international titles in the same season (1987). In addition, Porto were runners-up in the 1983–84 European Cup Winners' Cup and the 2003, 2004 and 2011 editions of the UEFA Super Cup.

History[edit]

The club was founded in 1893 by a wine merchant, António Nicolau de Almeida.[7] The original stadium still exists (the field of constitution), currently serving the formation of the club, under the name Dragon Force.

Dragon, Porto's mascot

FC Porto's nickname, "Dragões" (Dragons), as well as the name of their stadium, Estádio do Dragão (Dragon's Stadium), is related to the club's coat of arms. Until 1922 the club's emblem was a blue football with the letters FCP in white. That year, one of the club's players thought of combining that emblem with the city of Porto's coat of arms at the time. These arms, given by Queen Maria II in 1837 (subsequently altered in 1940), had a quartered shield, showing in the first and fourth quarter the arms of Portugal, and in the second and third quarter the Virgin Mary holding the Child Jesus. The crest of the Royal House of Portugal was a dragon holding the motto "Invicta" (undefeated), surrounded by the collar of the Order of the Tower and Sword, Portugal's highest honour, bestowed on the city by the queen after the undefeated siege of July 1832 – August 1833. Still today the official titles of the city of Porto are: "Antiga, Mui Nobre, Sempre Leal e Invicta" (ancient, very noble, always loyal and undefeated), and to this date, the city is often referred to in Portugal as "a (cidade) Invicta" (the undefeated [city]). The colours of the club may likewise be inspired by the historical colours of Portugal: until the overthrow of the Monarchy in 1910, the Portuguese flag was blue and white (instead of the modern green and red) with the coat of arms of Portugal in the centre, crowned by a royal crown.

The Dragon The traditional symbol and crest of the House of Braganza is a green dragon,[3][4][5] representing Saint George,[6] patron saint of Portugal. Because of the use of the dragon in heraldry by the Braganza and Pedro IV's link with Porto, a dragon was added to the old coat of arms of the municipality of Porto[9] and is still a part of F.C. Porto's coat of arms, who are nicknamed "the dragons".

1984 European Cup Winners' Cup[edit]

When Pinto da Costa joined as president, FC Porto was the only club from the "Três Grandes" without European honours, but that quickly changed. Its first final in an international competition was played against Juventus for the 1983–84 European Cup Winners' Cup.

Stage Opponent Home Away
1st Round Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dinamo Zagreb 1–0 1–2
2nd Round Scotland Rangers 1–0 1–2
1/4 Soviet Union Shakhtar Donetsk 3–2 1–1
1/2 Scotland Aberdeen 1–0 1–0
Final Italy Juventus 1–2

First time champions of Europe in 1987[edit]

Three years later, the team led by Artur Jorge, the name hand-picked by José Maria Pedroto, won its first European honour in a thrilling 2–1 victory over Bayern Munich in the 1986-1987 European Champion Clubs' Cup.

Stage Opponent Home Away
1/16 Malta Rabat Ajax 9–0 1–0
1/8 Czechoslovakia Vítkovice 3–0 0–1
1/4 Denmark Brøndby 1–0 1–1
1/2 Soviet Union Dynamo Kyiv 2–1 2–1
Final West Germany Bayern Munich 2–1

European Super Cup and Toyota Cup winners[edit]

The following season, Porto won the European Super Cup against AFC Ajax, and the Toyota Cup against Peñarol, making it the first Portuguese winner of either cup. The coach was Tomislav Ivić.

1988–2002[edit]

The following 16 years saw FC Porto as an average team – often in the final 16, but not progressing much further. The exception was in 1994, when Porto reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Champions League. The semi-final, decided on a single game, resulted in a heavy loss (3–0) at the hands of Johann Cruyff's FC Barcelona at the Nou Camp.

2003 UEFA Cup winners and first Treble[edit]

In 2003, under the guidance of José Mourinho, FC Porto made a UEFA Cup run, concluding with a victory in the final against Celtic in Seville, Spain. It was FC Porto's first Treble (consisting in the Portuguese Liga, in the Portuguese Cup and in the UEFA Cup titles).

In this year, FC Porto lost the UEFA Super Cup against A.C. Milan.

Stage Opponent Home Away
1/64 Poland Polonia Warszawa 6–0 0–2
1/32 Austria Austria Wien 2–0 1–0
1/16 France Lens 3–0 0–1
1/8 Turkey Denizlispor 6–1 2–2
1/4 Greece Panathinaikos 0–1 2–0
1/2 Italy Lazio 4–1 0–0
Final Scotland Celtic 3–2

2004 – Champions of Europe for the second time[edit]

FC Porto celebrate winning the 2008–09 league title
FC Porto supporters at the Gelsenkirchen Arena of Schalke.

The following season set a greater challenge, but despite a slow start which included a 1–3 loss against Real Madrid, FC Porto never lost again in the UEFA Champions League, relegating Olympique de Marseille to the UEFA Cup (where they reached the final), drawing with Manchester United at Old Trafford in the dying minutes of play to go through on aggregate, and beating Olympique Lyonnais and Deportivo La Coruña. FC Porto beat AS Monaco 3–0 in the Final, played in Arena AufSchalke in Germany. FC Porto's UEFA Champions League winning line-up for their spectacular cup-run was: Vítor Baía, Nuno Valente, Ricardo Carvalho, Jorge Costa(c), Paulo Ferreira, Costinha, Maniche, Pedro Mendes, Deco (Pedro Emanuel), Derlei (Benni McCarthy), and Carlos Alberto (Dmitri Alenichev).

In this year, FC Porto lost the UEFA Super Cup against Valencia.

Stage Opponent Home Away
Group stage Serbia Partizan Belgrade 2–1 1–1
Group stage Spain Real Madrid 1–3 1–1
Group stage France Marseille 1–0 3–2
1/8 England Manchester United 2–1 1–1
1/4 France Lyon 2–0 2–2
1/2 Spain Deportivo La Coruña 0–0 1–0
Final France AS Monaco 3–0

Second Toyota Cup triumph[edit]

Even after the departure of José Mourinho to Chelsea, the club kept winning at the international level. On 12 December 2004, FC Porto won the last-held Toyota Cup, by beating Once Caldas from Colombia 8–7 in a penalty shoot-out. The coach was Víctor Fernández.

2011 UEFA Europa League winners and second Treble[edit]

Falcão playing for FC Porto in 2011

2011 saw the club winning a second Treble (consisting of the Portuguese Liga, Portuguese Cup (their third consecutive triumph) and UEFA Europa League titles). Under the guidance of André Villas-Boas (who became at 33 years old the youngest coach ever to win a European competition), FC Porto won the 2010–11 UEFA Europa League ensuring its second UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League title. It was the first European final ever between two Portuguese clubs (FC Porto and Braga). Radamel Falcao also set a new goalscoring record of 17 goals in 14 matches during the campaign (Play-off round excluded), surpassing Jürgen Klinsmann's previous record. FC Porto however lost the UEFA Super Cup against F.C. Barcelona.

Stage Opponent Home Away
Play-off round Belgium Genk 4–2 3–0
Group stage Austria Rapid Wien 3–0 3–1
Group stage Bulgaria CSKA Sofia 3–1 1–0
Group stage Turkey Beşiktaş 1–1 3–1
1/16 Spain Sevilla 0–1 2–1
1/8 Russia CSKA Moscow 2–1 1–0
1/4 Russia Spartak Moscow 5–1 5–2
1/2 Spain Villarreal 5–1 2–3
Final Portugal Braga 1–0

The following year, FC Porto won the Portuguese SuperCup for the third successive year and retained the Primeira Liga, for their 26th title.

Recent seasons[edit]

Season League Cup League Cup Europe Other competitions Top scorer1
Division Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA Pts Name Goals
2002–03 Primeira Liga 1st 34 27 5 2 73 26 86 W Not held UEFA Cup W Portugal Hélder Postiga 13
2003–04 Primeira Liga 1st 34 25 7 2 63 19 82 RU Champions League W Portuguese SuperCup W South Africa Benni McCarthy 20
UEFA Super Cup RU
2004–05 Primeira Liga 2nd 34 17 11 6 39 26 62 Last 32 Champions League Last 16 Portuguese SuperCup W South Africa Benni McCarthy

Portugal Ricardo Quaresma

11
UEFA Super Cup RU
Toyota Cup W
2005–06 Primeira Liga 1st 34 24 7 3 54 16 79 W Champions League GS Portugal Ricardo Quaresma 10
2006–07 Primeira Liga 1st 30 22 3 5 65 20 69 Last 64 Champions League Last 16 Portuguese SuperCup W Argentina Lisandro López 11
2007–08 Primeira Liga 1st 30 24 3 3 60 13 692 RU Last 16 Champions League Last 16 Portuguese SuperCup RU Argentina Lisandro López 24
2008–09 Primeira Liga 1st 30 21 7 2 61 18 70 W SF Champions League QF Portuguese SuperCup RU Argentina Ernesto Farías
Argentina Lisandro López
10
2009–10 Primeira Liga 3rd 30 21 5 4 70 26 68 W RU Champions League Last 16 Portuguese SuperCup W Colombia Radamel Falcao 25
2010–11 Primeira Liga 1st 30 27 3 0 73 16 84 W Last 16 Europa League W Portuguese SuperCup W Brazil Hulk 23
2011–12 Primeira Liga 1st 30 23 6 1 69 19 75 Last 32 SF Champions League GS Portuguese SuperCup W Brazil Hulk 16
Europa League Last 32 UEFA Super Cup RU
2012–13 Primeira Liga 1st 30 24 6 0 70 14 78 Last 16 RU Champions League Last 16 Portuguese SuperCup W Colombia Jackson Martínez 28

1Includes all goals scored in Portuguese Liga.

2Porto were deducted six points due to suspicion on attempted bribery of referees in the 2003–04 season (Pinto da Costa denied it and after the trial the club was absolved).[8]

  • Last updated: 10 March 2013
  • Pos. = Position; Pl = Match played; W = Win; D = Draw; L = Lost; GS = Goal Scored; GA = Goal Against; Pts = Points

Honours[edit]

Domestic[edit]

International[edit]

Team Awards[edit]

Award winners[edit]

African Footballer of the Year

The following players have won the African Footballer of the Year whilst playing for Porto:

European Golden Boot

The following players have won the European Golden Shoe whilst playing for Porto:

Ballon D'Or

The following players have been nominated for the Ballon D'Or whilst playing for Porto:

Statistics[edit]

Stadium[edit]

Porto's home kit 2007-08

Porto's home games are played at Estádio do Dragão (English: Dragon's Stadium) in Porto. Built in 2003 as a replacement for FC Porto's old ground, Estádio das Antas, and as a venue for UEFA Euro 2004, Estádio do Dragão has an all-seated capacity of 50,399. The stadium's name is derived from the presence of a dragon on the crest of the city of Porto during the Monarchy, which is also the nickname of Porto fans.

Designed by Manuel Salgado and built by the Grupo Amorim, it cost €97,755,318, of which €18,430,956 was supported by the Portuguese taxpayers. To support costs, each stand carries one or two sponsor names: EDP for the south end, TMN and SAPO ADSL in the east stands, PT and meo for the west stands, and finally Coca-Cola in the north stands. Away fans are placed in the left corner of the North stand, while Porto supporter groups ("SuperDragões" and "Colectivo Ultras 95") are at each end, although initially both groups were in the South stand.

A new multi-sport arena near the stadium was recently completed to harbour F.C. Porto's other sports such as the handball and basketball teams, which are regular contenders for the national titles and the roller hockey section, amongst the best in the sport worldwide. Supporters and players of the club are nicknamed Portistas or Dragões.

Museum[edit]

FC Porto has more than 20 cups and trophies in exhibition by its museum situated in the Dragão Stadium. The Museum is already opened. Commercially, the club has several stores called Loja Azul (Blue Store) scattered around the city, including two used with official supplier Nike. Since 1994, a merchandising goods fair called Portomania is organized during the pre-season. F.C. Porto publishes one of the older club-related publications in Europe: a monthly 60-page full-colour magazine called Dragões (Dragons) that has existed since the early 1980s.

Players[edit]

Current first squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Helton (captain)
2 Brazil DF Danilo
4 Brazil DF Maicon
7 Portugal FW Ricardo Quaresma
8 Portugal MF Josué
9 Colombia FW Jackson Martínez
10 Colombia MF Juan Quintero
11 Algeria FW Nabil Ghilas
13 Mexico DF Diego Reyes
16 Mexico MF Héctor Herrera
17 Portugal FW Silvestre Varela
No. Position Player
19 Portugal FW Licá
20 Brazil MF Carlos Eduardo
21 Portugal DF Ricardo
22 France DF Eliaquim Mangala
23 Senegal DF Abdoulaye Ba
24 Brazil GK Fabiano
25 Brazil MF Fernando
26 Brazil DF Alex Sandro
28 Brazil FW Kelvin
35 Belgium MF Steven Defour
41 Angola GK Kadú

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Turkey GK Sinan Bolat (at Turkey Kayserispor until June 2014)
Portugal DF Rolando (at Italy Internazionale until June 2014)
Russia MF Marat Izmailov (at Azerbaijan Gabala until June 2014)
No. Position Player
Angola FW Djalma Campos (at Turkey Torku Konyaspor until June 2014)
Argentina FW Juan Iturbe (at Italy Hellas Verona until June 2014)

Notable players[edit]

For a list of notable former and present players see List of F.C. Porto players

Top goalscorers[edit]

Top goalscorers in Portuguese League matches.

Rank Nat Name Goals
1 Portugal Fernando Gomes 289
2 Brazil Mário Jardel 129
3 Portugal Hernâni Silva 127
4 Portugal Domingos Paciência 105
5 Portugal Custódio Pinto 79
6 Colombia Radamel Falcao 73
7 Portugal António Oliveira 71
8 Portugal Abel Miglietti 61
9 Brazil Hulk 54
10 Algeria Rabah Madjer 49
10 Argentina Lisandro Lopez 49

The Public Company[edit]

After going public in 1998, FC Porto created several satellite companies around the club to improve its efficiency.

  • FCPorto – youth football, handball, ring hockey, athletics, club's magazine, etc.
  • FCPorto – Futebol SAD and FCPorto – Basquetebol SAD (professional football and basketball companies); SAD stands for Sociedade Anónima Desportiva
  • PortoEstádio (Estádio do Dragão stadium)
  • PortoMultimédia (official site and multimedia products)
  • PortoComercial (Merchandising)
  • PortoSeguro (Insurance)

The FCPorto SAD is listed in the Euronext Lisbon stock exchange.

Management[edit]

Below is listed a part of the club's governing bodies, along with its presidents.

Position Staff
Board of Directors Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa
General Assembly Fernando Arnaldo Sardoeira Pinto
Statutory Audit Board José Paulo Sá Fernandes Nunes de Almeida
Cultural Council Álvaro Jose Pereira Pinto Júnior

Last updated: 8 January 2012
Source: Governing Bodies

Managers[edit]

Superleague Formula[edit]

F.C. Porto participated 2 seasons in the Superleague Formula race car series where football teams lend their name to cars. Alan Docking Racing and Hitech Racing have operated the car. Ex-Champ Car World Series driver Tristan Gommendy drove the Porto car for most races, winning two of them. Álvaro Parente drove the F.C. Porto car for one round at the Estoril Circuit, winning the race.

Other sports[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Estádio do Dragão – História" (in Portuguese). F.C. Porto. 
  2. ^ "Cidadãos nacionais agraciados com Ordens Portuguesas" (in Portuguese). Presidency of the Portuguese Republic. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  3. ^ Rab MacWilliam; Tom Macdonald (October 2001). The World Encyclopedia of Soccer: A Complete Guide to the Beautiful Game. Lorenz Books. ISBN 978-0-7548-0828-2. 
  4. ^ Keir Radnedge (2001). The illustrated encyclopedia of soccer. Universe Pub. ISBN 978-0-7893-0670-8. 
  5. ^ Gustavo Poli; Lédio Carmona (2006). Almanaque do futebol. ISBN 978-85-7734-002-6. 
  6. ^ CELSO UNZELTE. LIVRO DE OURO DO FUTEBOL. Sinergia. ISBN 978-85-62540-39-4. 
  7. ^ Tom Dunmore (2011). Historical Dictionary of Soccer. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-7188-5. 
  8. ^ "Porto docked points, Boavista demoted". uefa.com. 9 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  9. ^ Before the 1938–39 season, the Portuguese Cup was called the Campeonato de Portugal (Championship of Portugal) and the winner was considered the Portuguese national champion.
  10. ^ "Champions League history". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). 
  11. ^ "Europa League history". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). 
  12. ^ "Super Cup history". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). 

External links[edit]

Official websites