F.C. Porto

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This article is about the football team. For other uses, see F.C. Porto (disambiguation).
Porto
FC Porto.svg
Full name Futebol Clube do Porto
Nickname(s) Dragões (Dragons)
Azuis e Brancos (Blue and White)
Short name FCP
Founded 28 September 1893 (121 years ago)
as Foot-Ball Club do Porto
Ground Estádio do Dragão
Ground Capacity 50,431[1]
President Pinto da Costa
Head coach Julen Lopetegui
League Primeira Liga
2013–14 Primeira Liga, 3rd
Website Club home page
Current season

Futebol Clube do Porto MH IH MH OM[2][3] (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˌfuteˈbɔɫ ˈklube du ˈpoɾtu]; also known as F.C. Porto or simply Porto) is a Portuguese sports club based in Porto. It is mostly known for its professional football team, which plays in the Primeira Liga, the top tier of the Portuguese football league system.

Founded on 28 September 1893, it is one of the "Big Three" (Portuguese: Três Grandes) teams in Portugal, together with Lisbon-based rivals Benfica and Sporting CP, who have never been relegated from the Primeira Liga since its establishment in 1933. The team is nicknamed Dragões (Dragons), for the mythological creature standing atop the club's crest, or Azuis e brancos (Blue and white), for the kit colours; their supporters are called Portistas. Since 2003, Porto have played its home games at the Estádio do Dragão, which replaced the previous 52-year-old ground, the Estádio das Antas.

Porto is the most successful Portuguese club in terms of overall titles, having won a total of 74 official titles. Domestically, Porto has won 27 Primeira Liga titles, five of which in consecutive seasons (between 1994–95 and 1998–99), a record in Portuguese football. Other national honours achieved by the club include the Taça de Portugal (16 times), the defunct Campeonato de Portugal (a record four times, along with Sporting CP) and the Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira (a record 20 times). Porto became the second team in Portuguese league history, after Benfica, to complete two 30-game seasons without defeats, namely in the 2010–11 and 2012–13 seasons. In the former, Porto achieved the largest difference of points ever between champion and runner-up (21 points) in a three-points-per-win system, on its way to a second quadruple.

Internationally, Porto won seven major titles: the European Cup/UEFA Champions League in 1987 and 2004, the UEFA Cup/Europa League in 2003 and 2011, the UEFA Super Cup in 1987, and the Intercontinental Cup in 1987 and 2004. It is the only Portuguese club to have won any of the last three competitions, and to have achieved a continental treble of domestic league, cup and European titles (2002–03 and 2010–11). In addition, Porto finished as runners-up at the 1983–84 European Cup Winners' Cup and the 2003, 2004 and 2011 editions of the UEFA Super Cup.

History[edit]

Early years (1893–1921)[edit]

António Nicolau de Almeida, club founder

The club was founded on 28 September 1893 as Foot-Ball Club do Porto by António Nicolau de Almeida, a local port wine merchant and avid sportsman, who became fascinated with football during his trips to England.[4][5][6] Porto played its first matches with other Portuguese clubs, including one against Lisbon's Foot-Ball Club Lisbonense on 2 March 1894. This match had the patronage of King Carlos I and Queen Amélie of Orléans, who traveled to Porto to witness the event and present a trophy to the winners.[4][7]

Almeida's enthusiasm and involvement with the club waned due to family pressure, and by the turn of the century, Porto had entered a period of inactivity.[4] In 1906, José Monteiro da Costa returned to Porto after finishing his studies in England. Like Almeida, thirteen years before, he was also captivated by the English game, and together with some associates, decided to reintroduce the practice of football in the city, outside of the British circles. On 2 August 1906, Porto was revived and Monteiro da Costa appointed its president. Although football was the driving force, the club also promoted other sports, including gymnastics, weightlifting and wrestling, athletics and swimming.[8] Shortly after, Porto rented its first ground and recruited a French coach named Adolphe Cassaigne,[9] who would stay in the club until 1925.[10]

On 15 December 1907, Porto played its first match against a foreign team, hosting Spain's Real Fortuna.[11] In the following month, Porto returned the visit and played its first match abroad.[12] Four years later, the club won the inaugural staging of the Taça José Monteiro da Costa,[13] securing its first-ever official title.[14] In 1912, Porto joined efforts with Leixões to establish the Porto Football Association, which began organising the regional championship in the following year.[15] Porto finished the first season as runners-up, behind local rivals Boavista, but in the following season the club won its first championship. By the end of the 1920–21 season, Porto had been regional champions six times in seven years,[16] and outright winners of the Taça José Monteiro da Costa, after claiming a third consecutive victory in 1916.[13]

First national titles and drought years (1921–1976)[edit]

The 1921–22 season was marked by the creation of the first nationwide football competition – the Campeonato de Portugal.[17] Organised by the national federation, this knockout tournament gathered the winners of the different regional championships to determine the "Portuguese champions".[18] After clinching its fourth consecutive regional title, Porto defeated Sporting CP in the inaugural edition and became the first national champions.[17][19] While a dominant regional force,[a] the club faced stronger opposition in the national championship, winning it three other times in a span of sixteen years (1925, 1932 and 1937).[19] In 1933–34, Porto was denied participation in the Campeonato de Portugal by its football association for refusing to release players for a match between the Porto and Lisbon regional teams.[20]

In the following season, a second national competition named Campeonato da Primeira Liga (Premier League Championship), or simply Primeira Liga, was provisionally established by the national federation to increase the number of matches per season and improve the competitiveness of Portuguese football.[21] As the regional champion, Porto qualified for the first edition of the new round-robin competition, winning it with 10 victories in 14 matches.[22][23] Due to the success of its format, the Primeira Liga was made an official championship competition for the 1938–39 season, taking the place of the Campeonato de Portugal, which in turn was converted into the Taça de Portugal, the main cup competition.[18][19] Porto won the inaugural edition of the new league championship and successfully defended the title in the next season, despite almost failing to take part.[b] The club failed to secure a third consecutive title and would only return to a top-three finish in the 1946–47 season, after winning its 30th and last regional championship.[19][25] In 1948, Porto defeated English champions Arsenal 3–2 in a friendly match. To commemorate this victory, the associates offered the club a massive trophy made of 250 kg (550 lb) of silver and wood – the Taça Arsenal.[26]

Having endured a 16-year title drought period, Porto returned to winning ways by taking the 1955–56 Primeira Liga on head-to-head advantage over runners-up Benfica. Later that season, Porto beat Torreense to win its first Taça de Portugal and achieve its first double.[27][28] As the Portuguese league winner, Porto made its debut in European competitions by qualifying for the 1956–57 European Cup. The club's first participation was short-lived, ending in the preliminary round with two defeats against Spanish champions Athletic Bilbao.[29][30] A year later, Porto lifted its second Taça de Portugal by beating Benfica 1–0 in the final.[28] The two clubs met again in the following season's final, but this time Benfica took the trophy and denied a second double for Porto, who had won the 1958–59 Primeira Liga three months before.[31]

Shortly after, the club entered another lacklustre period of its history, the highest point of which was a victory in the 1968 Taça de Portugal final. During this time, Porto achieved its worst-ever league classification, a ninth place in 1969–70,[32] while its best league record consisted of six runner-up finishes (four consecutive between 1961–62 and 1964–65).[33] In European competitions, the club participated for the first time in the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (and its successor, the UEFA Cup) and in the Cup Winners' Cup, without getting past the third round.[34] One of the club's most tragic moments occurred on 16 December 1973, when during a league match against Vitória de Setúbal, 26-year-old captain Pavão fell unconscious on the pitch and died later at the hospital.[35][36] The following month, Porto presented Peruvian international Teófilo Cubillas, who became one of the club's most successful players, scoring 65 goals in 108 games.[37]

International affirmation (1977–1988)[edit]

Rabah Madjer (pictured in 1982) was a key figure in Porto's 1987 European Cup Final victory.

The return of José Maria Pedroto – a former Porto player and head coach in the late 1960s – in the 1976–77 season started a new chapter in the club's history. Responsible for the previous cup triumph in 1968, Pedroto guided Porto to its fourth title in the competition.[38] In the following season, he put an end to Porto's league title drought, winning the championship 19 years after having played in the team that took the last title.[39] Internationally, Porto reached the quarter-finals of the 1977–78 Cup Winners' Cup, beating Manchester United along the way,[40] but suffered its heaviest defeat (6–1) against AEK Athens in the subsequent season's European Cup.[5] A poor run of performances in the latter part of the season – resulting in the loss of the league and cup titles – sparked a conflict between the technical staff and president Américo de Sá, which ended with the resignation of Pedroto and his replacement by Hermann Stessl.[41] In December 1981, Porto overcame Benfica to win the inaugural staging of the Portuguese Super Cup, the Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira.[42]

Pedroto returned in April 1982 by the hand of the club's newly elected president Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa, who had resigned as director of football, two years before, in solidarity with the coach.[43] The previous month, Porto fell again in the Cup Winners' Cup quarter-finals against one of the eventual finalists,[44] but needed only two years to finally reach the competition's final. On 16 May 1984, Porto played its first major European final in Basel's St. Jakob Stadium, losing 2–1 to Michel Platini's Juventus.[45] Already without Pedroto, who stepped down due to illness, Porto won that season's Taça and Supertaça but lost the championship to Benfica.[46] Under the steering of Pedroto's apprentice, Artur Jorge, the following season brought the Primeira Liga title back to the club and crowned homegrown striker Fernando Gomes as Europe's top goalscorer for the second time, after first taking the award in 1983.[47][48]

Porto retained the league title in 1986, securing an entry to the 1986–87 European Cup. In the first game, the club recorded its biggest win in European competitions: 9–0 against Maltese side Rabat Ajax.[5] Vítkovice of Czechoslovakia, Brøndby of Denmark, and Dynamo Kyiv of the Soviet Union were successively eliminated as Porto advanced to its first European Cup final, against Bayern Munich. Trailing the Germans 1–0 until the 79th minute, Porto scored twice in two minutes – the first goal through a famous backheel from former Algerian international Rabah Madjer,[49] who assisted Juary for the second – to secure a surprising win and the European Cup title.[50] The club completed a treble of international trophies by beating Ajax for the 1987 European Super Cup and Uruguay's Peñarol for the 1987 Intercontinental Cup.[51][52] The 1987–88 season was one of the most successful for the club, who also won the Taça de Portugal and an expanded 20-team Primeira Liga with a record number of goals scored (88) and distance in points to the runners-up (15).[c][53]

Tri, Tetra, Penta (1988–2001)[edit]

In contrast to the previous season, Porto failed to win a trophy in 1988–89, with many of its players struck down with injuries, such as Madjer and Gomes.[54] Fifteen years after his first-team debut, Gomes made his last season for Porto, where he became the all-time top goalscorer with 352 goals in 455 matches.[55] The club brought back Artur Jorge, who recovered the Primeira Liga title in the following season and added the Taça and Supertaça trophies in 1991.[56] His successor, Brazilian Carlos Alberto Silva, won back-to-back league titles in two seasons and qualified Porto for the first UEFA Champions League.[57][58]

Bobby Robson won the first two of Porto's record five consecutive league titles.

Midway through the 1993–94 season, Porto hired former England manager Bobby Robson, who had been sacked by Sporting CP. The club closed the gap to league winners Benfica, reached the 1993–94 UEFA Champions League semi-finals and ended the season with a victory over Sporting CP in the Taça de Portugal final.[59] In Robson's first full season, Porto claimed the 1994–95 Primeira Liga title with a win at Sporting CP's ground and played Benfica four times to secure both the 1993 and 1994 stagings of the Supertaça.[60][42] The beginning of the season had been clouded by the death of 26-year-old midfielder Rui Filipe, who had scored the club's first league goal.[60] Robson's increasing health problems barred him from leading Porto in the first months of the 1995–96 season, but he returned in time to revalidate the league title. Striker Domingos Paciência became the club's top goalscorer for the second consecutive time and won that season's Bola de Prata, the last win by a Portuguese player.[61]

To fill the void left by the departure of Robson for Barcelona, Porto hired former club captain and Portugal national team manager António Oliveira. Under his command, Porto made history by winning a third consecutive league title (the Tri) for the first time, leaving the runners-up at distance of 13 points. The club's eighth Supertaça win over Benfica was achieved with a solid performance at the Estádio da Luz that resulted in a 5–0 scoreline.[42][62] The arrival of Brazilian players Artur and Mário Jardel proved highly productive in the 1996–97 UEFA Champions League, as their goals helped Porto beat Milan in Italy and win its group without defeats.[63] In addition, Jardel would win the first of four consecutive Bola de Prata awards while at Porto.[62] In Oliveira's second and last season at the club, Porto won the Primeira Liga for the fourth straight season (the Tetra), matching Sporting CP's achievement in the early 1950s, and secured its third double after beating Braga in the 1998 Taça de Portugal final.[28][64]

For the 1998–99 season, Porto tasked Portuguese coach Fernando Santos with winning the club's fifth successive Primeira Liga title (the Penta) – a Portuguese football record. He accomplished this feat, becoming thereafter known as the "Penta engineer" (a pun to his academic degree),[65] and saw Jardel's 36 goals win him the European Golden Shoe.[66][48] Porto lost the chance to win its sixth straight league title, after finishing four points behind 1999–2000 Primeira Liga champions Sporting, but overcame them to lift its tenth Taça de Portugal trophy.[67][28] Despite winning the Portuguese cup for the second time in two years, continued failure to retake the league title led to the resignation of Santos at the end of the 2000–01 season.[68]

Mourinho's golden years (2001–2004)[edit]

José Mourinho led Porto to consecutive UEFA Cup and UEFA Champions League titles.

The appointment of former club player and assistant coach Octávio Machado to head Porto back to the league title appeared to pay off as the team began the season with a Supertaça win against the 2000–01 Primeira Liga winners, Boavista.[42] However, this would be the only major achievement in a lacklustre season that would culminate with a third place in the league classification – the lowest in 20 years. The elimination from the 2001–02 Taça de Portugal, four days after losing away for the Primeira Liga, precipitated the sacking of Machado after 36 matches in charge.[69]

Two days later, Porto signed União de Leiria's coach, José Mourinho, who had previously worked in the club alongside Robson.[70] In his presentation, Mourinho promptly showcased his personality by stating unequivocally that the club would win next season's league title.[69] He kept true to his promise and delivered one of the club's most successful seasons. Fielding the likes of Deco, Ricardo Carvalho, Maniche, and less known players hired from other Portuguese clubs, such as Paulo Ferreira, Pedro Emanuel, Nuno Valente and Derlei, Porto won the 2002–03 Primeira Liga with relative comfort, finishing 11 points ahead of second-placed Benfica.[71] The club also reached the UEFA Cup final in Seville, where it overcame Celtic in a dramatic game, decided in extra-time, to win its second major European title.[72] Mourinho then secured an unprecedented treble for Porto by winning the Taça de Portugal final against his previous club.[28]

The 2003–04 season began with another 1–0 win over União de Leiria, which gave the club its 13th Supertaça.[42] Weeks later, Porto failed to repeat this result in the 2003 UEFA Super Cup, losing 1–0 to Milan.[73] The departure of striker Hélder Postiga was compensated by the definite signing of South Africa's Benni McCarthy, whose 20 league goals helped Porto in its league title defence and crowned him the competition's top scorer.[74] Confident with the quality of his team and motivated by the previous season's UEFA Cup victory, Mourinho attacked the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League with serious hopes of reaching far in the competition. Porto finished second in its group, losing only once to Real Madrid, and advanced to a round-of-16 meeting with Manchester United. In a dramatic turn of events, Porto scored on the 90th minute of the second leg at Old Trafford to draw 1–1 and proceed to the quarter-finals with a 3–2 aggregate win. The team then overcame Lyon and Deportivo La Coruña and reached the Gelsenkirchen final, where it defeated Monaco 3–0 to lift the club's second European Champion Clubs' Cup.[75] A 2–1 loss to Benfica in the Taça de Portugal final, held 10 days before, prevented another treble-winning season.[28]

Life after Mourinho (2004–2010)[edit]

The successful European performances of Mourinho's Porto projected the image of the coach and players like Carvalho, Ferreira and Deco, all of whom left the club in the aftermath of the Champions League victory.[76][77][78][79] The following season was an atypical one, as the club had three different coaches: Luigi Delneri,[d] Víctor Fernández and José Couceiro. Under Férnandez, Porto won the 2004 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira and the 2004 Intercontinental Cup, but lost the 2004 UEFA Super Cup to Valencia and was eliminated prematurely in the 2004–05 Taça de Portugal. Recording only 17 wins in 34 matches, Porto lost the Primeira Liga title to Benfica by three points.[81] During this period, the club was involved in corruption scandal Apito Dourado.

Porto players celebrate the club's second Tetra in 2008–09.

In 2005–06, Dutch coach Co Adriaanse was picked to reorganise the team and return the club to the top of Portuguese football. His tactical discipline and the contribution of new signings Lucho González and Lisandro López led the club to not only retake the Primeira Liga title but also secure its fifth domestic double, after beating holders Vitória de Setúbal in the Taça de Portugal final.[82] Adriaanse's domestic success did not transfer to the Champions League, as Porto finished in the bottom of its group.[83]

The club began the 2006–07 season with a new coach, Jesualdo Ferreira, signed from neighbours Boavista. Before Ferreira assumed his role, Porto won the season-opening Supertaça, with former club player Rui Barros acting as interim coach.[84] An experienced head coach, Ferreira had never achieved major club level success, but in his first season in Porto he became national champion for the first time.[85] The 2006–07 Primeira Liga title was only secured in a frantic final day, as Porto finished one point above Sporting and two above Benfica.[86] In the following season, the club achieved the Tri for the second time in its history – with López clinching the top goalscorer award –, but lost the Taça and Supertaça finals to Sporting CP.[87] As result of a legal investigation on match fixing in Portuguese football, Porto was punished with the loss of six points, which did not affect its final league classification.[88]

Having claimed a sixth league and cup double in the 2008–09 season,[89] Porto was on course to emulate the Penta of the late 1990s, but the series was broken by Benfica in the following season.[90] Although Ferreira won his first Supertaça and defended the Taça de Portugal title, the team's failure to claim a fifth consecutive league – finishing third, outside the Champions League-qualifying places – and a heavy defeat against Benfica in the final of the Taça da Liga contributed to his resignation at the end of the season. A home win against Benfica prevented the rivals from celebrating the league title at the Estádio do Dragão.[90] Under Ferreira's steering, Porto always qualified for the Champions League knockout stage, reaching the quarter-finals in 2008–09, where it was eliminated by holders Manchester United.[91]

Villas-Boas and recent years (2010–present)[edit]

Spectator view of a packed football stadium from behind one of the goals. The opposing stand and part of a lateral stand and the roof structure are seen in the background. A number of people are orderly placed on the pitch, holding banners of several shapez and sizes.
Porto edged Braga 1–0 in the 2011 UEFA Europa League Final held at the Aviva Stadium (opening ceremony pictured) in Dublin.

The arrival of Mourinho's former assistant André Villas-Boas, in the spring of 2010, set the stage to a highly successful 2010–11 season, which began with a 2–0 victory over Benfica for the Supertaça.[42] Spearheaded by João Moutinho, Silvestre Varela, Falcao and Hulk (the Bola de Prata winner), Porto performed strongly in the Primeira Liga and assured its 25th title with five matches to play, after beating Benfica in its stadium.[92] In addition, the club broke a number of records: biggest distance between champions and runners-up (21 points), most consecutive league wins (16) and highest percentage of points in a 30-game season (93.33%), dropping only six points and finishing the league without defeats, for the first time in its history.[93] Eight years after the 2003 triumph, Porto returned to the UEFA Cup (renamed UEFA Europa League) and reached the final in Dublin's Aviva Stadium. In an all-Portuguese affair, Porto beat Braga with a goal from the competition's top goalscorer Falcao and lifted the trophy for the second time,[94] as Villas-Boas became the youngest UEFA competition-winning coach.[95] Four days later, Porto won its third consecutive Taça de Portugal with a convincing 6–2 scoreline,[28] which not only secured the fourth trophy of the season but also placed Porto as the Portuguese club with the most titles in senior football.[92]

As Villas-Boas left for Chelsea, Porto recruited the services of his assistant, Vítor Pereira. For the third straight year, the club began the season with another Supertaça title,[42] which was followed by a 2–0 loss to Barcelona for the 2011 UEFA Super Cup.[96] Although lacking the goalscoring prolificacy of Falcao (sold to Atlético Madrid), Porto was able to revalidate the Primeira Liga title,[97] but was eliminated prematurely from the Taça and Champions League competitions. Transferred to the Europa League, Porto failed to defend its title after being knocked out by Manchester City.[98] In the following season, the club went a stage further in both domestic cup competitions and in the Champions League, where it fell to Málaga in the last-16 round.[99] In the 2012–13 Primeira Liga, Porto reduced the distance to leaders Benfica to two points, before hosting them in the penultimate matchday. In a dramatic turn of events, Porto won with a goal in stoppage time and moved to the top of the league table.[100] An away victory in the last game confirmed the Tri and Porto's 27th league title – the second without defeats.[101]

Porto entered the 2013–14 season with a new head coach – Paulo Fonseca, signed from 2012–13 Primeira Liga third-placed Paços de Ferreira[102] – but continued the trend of the previous four seasons by winning the Supertaça.[42] This title would be the highlight of the season, as the club underperformed in every other competition it was involved. In the league, Porto led with five points over its pursuers, but a series of compromising results pushed the club down to third place, resulting in the sacking of Fonseca.[103] Failing to overcome the Champions League group stage, Porto reached the Europa League quarter-finals, where they lost to the eventual winners Sevilla.[104] In the following weeks, two semi-final losses against Benfica closed the doors to the finals of the Taça de Portugal and Taça da Liga.[28][105]

Crest and kit[edit]

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt partner[e]
1975–1983 Adidas[106] none
1983–1997 Revigrés[107]
1997–2000 Kappa[106]
2000–2003 Nike[106]
2003–2008 PT
2008–2011 TMN[108]
2011–2014 MEO
2014– Warrior[109]

The club's first crest was created in 1910 and consisted of an old blue football with white seams bearing the club name's initials in white. On 26 October 1922, the crest was changed to its present-day appearance after the club approved a design by Augusto Baptista Ferreira (nicknamed "Simplício"), a graphical artist and one of the club's players.[110] In his proposal, the city's coat of arms – consisting at the time of a quartered shield (first and fourth quadrants: national arms; second and third quadrants: image of Our Lady holding baby Jesus and flanked by two towers holding above a banner with the Latin words "Civitas Virginis") surrounded by the collar of the Order of the Tower and Sword and topped by a crown supporting a green dragon with a red banner inscribed with "Invicta" (Undefeated [city]) – was added on top of the old crest, pushing the white letters down.[111]

In 1906, the club's first official team wore kits with a variety of colors and patterns, which included white shirts with red collars or vertical blue stripes, and even red shirts.[112] This indefinition in the equipment was only solved in 1909, when through the initiative of Monteiro da Costa, Porto stipulated in its first statutes that the players had to use "a shirt with blue vertical stripes, black shorts, and personal footwear" as the club's uniform, at every training and match.[113] Some argued that the kit should have included the city colours, green and white.[112] Monteiro da Costa, however, defended the blue-and-white combination because he believed the colors "should be those of the country's flag, and not of the city's flag", hoping that the club would "not only defend the good name of the city, but also that of Portugal, in sporting feuds against foreigners."[8]

In 1975, Adidas became the first sports apparel manufacturers to provide kits for the club.[106] Eight years later, Porto became the first Portuguese team to have a shirt partner, after signing a sponsorship deal with Revigrés for 10 million escudos per year.[107] This deal lasted for 20 years, with successive renovations, after which the national communications corporation Portugal Telecom (PT) became the new shirt sponsors. Still, Revigrés remain as one of the club's main partners and longest-serving collaborators.[114]

Grounds[edit]

For the training centre and youth academy, see CTFD PortoGaia.
The old Campo da Constituição ground houses the Vitalis Park, the club's youth training camp.

The club's first ground was the Campo da Rainha (Queen's Field), inaugurated in 1906 with an exhibition game against Boavista. The site was located near the residence of Monteiro da Costa and was the property of the city's horticultural society. Aided by his father, a horticultor by profession, Monteiro da Costa rented a portion (30 by 50 meters) of uncultivated terrain to create the first dedicated football pitch in the country. Later that year, the society's vivaria were transferred to another location, allowing Porto to increase the pitch area to match the sport's official dimensions.[115] The ground had capacity for 600 people, including a VIP tribune, and possessed a changing room equipped with showers and sinks, a bar and a gym. The first match between Porto and a foreign team took place at the Campo da Raínha, on 15 December 1907, when the hosts played Spanish side Real Fortuna.[116]

By 1911, the Campo da Raínha was becoming too small for the growing attendances. After being notified about the sale of the ground for construction of a factory, the club searched for a new ground and rented a terrain near the Constituição street for an annual fee of 350$00.[117] The Campo da Constituição (Constitution Field) was opened in January 1913 with a match against Oporto Cricket and Lawn Tennis Club and hosted Porto's home matches for the regional championship. Eventually, the larger capacity of this ground also became insufficient for the ever-increasing crowds attending the games, particularly against high-profile opponents.[118] On several occasions, between the 1920s and 1940s, Porto played host to matches at the Campo do Ameal (Ameal Field) or the Estádio do Lima (Lima Stadium), home of local rivals Sport Progresso and Académico, respectively.[119] It was in the latter ground that the club achieved their most important victory at the time, as they beat English champions Arsenal 3–2 in a friendly match on 7 May 1948.[26][120]

Estádio do Dragão during a UEFA Champions League match

In 1933, Porto approved a plan to build a new stadium to accommodate and meet the demands of larger attendances, but the project only moved forward with the purchase of 48,000 square metres (12 acres) of land in the eastern side of the city in 1947.[121] Designed by Portuguese architects Oldemiro Carneiro and Aires de Sá,[122] the construction of the Estádio do Futebol Clube do Porto – better known as Estádio das Antas (Antas Stadium) for the neighbourhood where it was built – began in January 1950, one month after the first stone was symbolically laid. Two years later, on 28 May 1952, the stadium was inaugurated with a ceremony, featuring the presence of the President of the Republic Francisco Craveiro Lopes,[121] and a match against Benfica, which Porto lost 2–8.[123] The stadium's initial layout had an open east sector (Marathon Door), which was closed in 1976 with the construction of a two-tier stand that raised the capacity to 70,000.[124] In 1986, works to lower the pitch and build an additional tier in the place of the athletics and cycling track were concluded, setting the capacity to a new maximum of 95,000. As stadium safety regulations became stricter during the following decade, the placing of individual seats brought the capacity of the Estádio das Antas down to 55,000 by 1997.[125]

The awarding of the UEFA Euro 2004 hosting rights to Portugal in 1999 was the perfect opportunity for Porto to move into a more modern, functional and comfortable stadium, in line with the demands of high-level international football. The club decided to build an entirely new ground and chose a site located a few hundreds of meters southeast of the Estádio das Antas. The project was commissioned to Portuguese architect Manuel Salgado,[126] and construction took two years to complete at a cost of 98 million. Baptised Estádio do Dragão (Dragon Stadium) by president Pinto da Costa, for the mythological creature placed atop the club's crest, it was officially inaugurated on 16 November 2003 with a match against Barcelona. Porto won 2–0 in front of a record 52,000 spectators, which also witnessed the professional debut of Lionel Messi. In June 2004, the venue hosted the opening ceremony and match of the UEFA Euro 2004, and four other tournament matches.[127] The highest attendance in an official match was registered on 21 April 2004, when 50,818 people saw Porto draw Deportivo La Coruña without goals, for the first leg of the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League semi-finals.[128] For safety reasons, its current capacity is limited to 50,431.[126]

Museum[edit]

Main article: F.C. Porto Museum

The F.C. Porto Museum was inaugurated on 28 September 2013, on occasion of the club's 120th anniversary. The museum includes an auditorium, a club store, a coffeehouse, and spaces for educational services and temporary exhibitions.

Rivalries[edit]

Porto's biggest rivalries are with the other Big Three members and regular league title contenders, Benfica and Sporting CP. They stem from the historical, political, economical and cultural clash between the cities of Porto and Lisbon, where the other two clubs are based.[129][130] These rivalries became more intense in the past decades, particularly since Pinto da Costa assumed Porto's presidency in 1982 and adopted a regionalistic and confrontational speech towards Lisbon.[131] In the following years, the club began establishing its dominance in Portuguese football, at the expense of Benfica and Sporting, who had been the traditional powers since the 1940s.[129]

The rivalry with Benfica is the strongest and most passionate, opposing the most representative football emblems from each city as well as the current most titled Portuguese clubs. The first match between Porto and Benfica – traditionally referred to as O Clássico (The Classic)[132][133] – took place on 28 April 1912, and ended with a 2–8 win for Benfica; Porto's first victory (3–2) came only in 1920.[129] As of 10 May 2014, the clubs have faced each other in 230 competitive matches, which have resulted in 89 wins for Porto, 85 for Benfica and 56 draws.[134]

The first meeting between Porto and Sporting CP occurred on 30 November 1919, during a friendly tournament organised by Porto.[135] Their first official encounter was in the first leg of the final of the inaugural Campeonato de Portugal in 1922, which Porto won 2–1 en route to its first national title.[130] Since then, the clubs have met in a total of 218 official matches, with 79 wins for Porto, 77 for Sporting CP and 62 draws.[136]

Records and statistics[edit]

For more details on this topic, see List of F.C. Porto records and statistics.
Radamel Falcao holds the record for top goalscorer in European competitions.

Former defender João Pinto holds the record for most matches played in all competitions (587) and in the Primeira Liga (407), while former goalkeeper Vitor Baía has the most appearances in international competitions (99).[137][5] Baía is also the most titled player, having won 25 trophies during his career in Porto.[138] Portuguese striker Fernando Gomes is the all-time club goalscorer in all competitions (352), having also scored the most league goals (288).[139] In European competitions, Porto's record goalscorer is Radamel Falcao, with 22 goals.[5]

José Maria Pedroto is the longest-serving coach, having taken charge of the team for 327 matches in a total of nine seasons,[140][141] while Jesualdo Ferreira became the first Portuguese coach to win three consecutive league titles (2006–2009).[142] André Villas-Boas's victorious campaign in the 2010–11 UEFA Europa League made him the youngest coach ever to win a European competition.[143]

The 2010–11 season was particularly strong in record achievements. Porto played the most matches (58) and secured the most wins (49) and highest winning percentage (84.4%).[144] For the league, it had the most consecutive wins (16) and suffered the fewest defeats (none).[145] In Europe, the club won the most matches (14 in 17) and scored the most goals (44) en route to the UEFA Europa League title – one of a record-matching four.[146]

Recent seasons[edit]

Further information: List of F.C. Porto seasons
Season Rank Pld W D L GS GA Pts Top scorer(s) in league Goals TP TL ST UCL UEL Other competitions
2004–05 2nd 34 17 11 6 39 26 62 Benni McCarthy
Ricardo Quaresma
11 R32 Not held W R16 UEFA Super Cup RU
Intercontinental Cup W
2005–06 1st 34 24 7 3 54 16 79 Ricardo Quaresma 10 W GS
2006–07 1st 30 22 3 5 65 20 69 Lisandro López 11 R64 W R16
2007–08 1st 30 24 3 3 60 13 69[f] Lisandro López 24 RU R16 RU R16
2008–09 1st 30 21 7 2 61 18 70 Ernesto Farías
Lisandro López
10 W SF RU QF
2009–10 3rd 30 21 5 4 70 26 68 Radamel Falcao 25 W RU W R16
2010–11 1st 30 27 3 0 73 16 84 Hulk 23 W R16 W W
2011–12 1st 30 23 6 1 69 19 75 Hulk 16 R32 SF W GS R32 UEFA Super Cup RU
2012–13 1st 30 24 6 0 70 14 78 Jackson Martínez 28 R16 RU W R16
2013–14 3rd 30 19 4 7 57 25 61 Jackson Martínez 20 SF SF W GS QF

Honours[edit]

As of the end of the 2013–14 season, Porto is the Portuguese club with the most official titles in senior football (74). Domestically, it has won 27 Primeira Liga, 16 Taça de Portugal, and a record 4 Campeonato de Portugal and 20 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira trophies. Porto are also Portugal's leading team in international competitions, having won 2 European Cup/UEFA Champions League, 2 UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League, 1 UEFA Super Cup and 2 Intercontinental Cup trophies – being the only Portuguese winners of the latter three competitions.[148]

On two occasions, Porto has won four titles in a single season: in 1987–88 (UEFA Super Cup, Intercontinental Cup, Primeira Liga and Taça de Portugal) and in 2010–11 (Supertaça, Primeira Liga, UEFA Europa League and Taça de Portugal), which also included the club's second continental treble, after its first in 2002–03 (Primeira Liga, Taça de Portugal and UEFA Cup).

Domestic[edit]

Winners (27): 1934–35, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1955–56, 1958–59, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1987–88, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13
Runners-up (24): 1935–36, 1937–38, 1940–41, 1950–51, 1953–54, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1968–69, 1974–75, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1986–87, 1988–89, 1990–91, 1993–94, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2004–05
Winners (16): 1955–56, 1957–58, 1967–68, 1976–77, 1983–84, 1987–88, 1990–91, 1993–94, 1997–98, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11
Runners-up (12): 1952–53, 1958–59, 1960–61, 1963–64, 1977–78, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1982–83, 1984–85, 1991–92, 2003–04, 2007–08
Winners (20) (record): 1981, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013
Runners-up (9): 1979, 1985, 1988, 1992, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2007, 2008
Runners-up (2): 2009–10, 2012–13
Winners (4) (record):[g] 1921–22, 1924–25, 1931–32, 1936–37
Runners-up (2): 1923–24, 1930–31

European[edit]

Winners (2): 1986–87, 2003–04
Winners (2): 2002–03, 2010–11
Runners-up (1): 1983–84
Winners (1): 1987
Runners-up (3): 2003, 2004, 2011

Worldwide[edit]

Winners (2): 1987, 2004

Players[edit]

For a list of F.C. Porto players with over 100 official appearances, see List of F.C. Porto players.
For reserve team players, see F.C. Porto B. For under-19 team players, see F.C. Porto Juniors.

Current squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Helton
2 Brazil DF Danilo
3 Netherlands DF Bruno Martins Indi
4 Brazil DF Maicon
5 Spain DF Iván Marcano
6 Brazil MF Casemiro
7 Portugal FW Ricardo Quaresma
8 Algeria MF Yacine Brahimi
9 Colombia FW Jackson Martínez (captain)
10 Colombia MF Juan Quintero
11 Spain FW Cristian Tello
12 Brazil GK Fabiano
13 Mexico DF Diego Reyes
14 Spain DF José Ángel
No. Position Player
15 Brazil MF Evandro
16 Mexico MF Héctor Herrera
17 Brazil MF Otávio
18 Spain FW Adrián López
21 Portugal FW Ricardo Pereira
22 Spain MF José Campaña
24 Portugal GK Ricardo Nunes
25 Spain GK Andrés Fernández
26 Brazil DF Alex Sandro
28 Brazil FW Kelvin
30 Spain MF Óliver Torres
36 Portugal MF Rúben Neves
44 Ghana DF Daniel Opare
99 Cameroon FW Vincent Aboubakar

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Turkey GK Sinan Bolat (at Galatasaray until 30 June 2015)
Senegal DF Abdoulaye Ba (at Rayo Vallecano until 30 June 2015)
Colombia DF Héctor Quiñones (at Penafiel until 30 June 2015)
Russia MF Marat Izmaylov (at FC Krasnodar until 30 June 2015)
Brazil MF Carlos Eduardo (at OGC Nice until 30 June 2015)
Portugal MF Josué (at Bursaspor until 30 June 2015)
Portugal MF Pedro Moreira (at Rio Ave until 30 June 2015)
No. Position Player
Portugal MF Tozé (at Estoril until 30 June 2015)
Portugal FW Licá (at Rayo Vallecano until 30 June 2015)
Portugal FW Silvestre Varela (at West Bromwich until 30 June 2015)
Angola FW Djalma Campos (at Konyaspor until 30 June 2015)
Guinea-Bissau FW Sami (at Braga until 30 June 2015)
Algeria FW Nabil Ghilas (at Córdoba until 30 June 2015)
Brazil FW Kléber (at Estoril until 30 June 2015)

Personnel[edit]

Technical staff[edit]

Julen Lopetegui is the current team manager
Position Staff
Head coach Spain Julen Lopetegui
Assistant coach Spain Julián Calero
Spain Juan Carlos Martínez
Portugal Rui Barros
Goalkeeping coach Spain Juan Carlos Arévalo
Fitness coach Portugal Raul Costa
Masseur Portugal José Luís
Nurse Portugal Eduardo Braga
Portugal José Mário Almeida
Doctor Portugal Nélson Puga
Portugal José Carlos Esteves
Medical team Portugal Paulo Colaço
Portugal Pedro Vale
Director of football Portugal Antero Henrique

Last updated: 12 July 2014
Source: Technical and medical teams (Portuguese)

Board members[edit]

Office Holder
President Pinto da Costa
Vice-president Adelino Caldeira
Alípio Fernandes
Álvaro Pinto Júnior
Antero Henrique
Eduardo Valente
Fernando Póvoas
Fernando Gomes
Ilídio Pinto
Joaquim Pinheiro
Joaquim Almeida
Américo Amorim
Reinaldo Teles
Vitor Hugo Silva
President of general assembly Fernando Pinto
President of audit committee José Paulo Almeida

Last updated: 24 April 2014
Source: Social organs (Portuguese)

Organisation[edit]

After going public in 1997, Porto created several satellite companies:

  • FC Porto – youth football, basketball, handball, roller hockey, athletics, club's magazine, etc.
  • FC Porto – Futebol SAD (professional football companie); SAD stands for Sociedade Anónima Desportiva
  • Porto Estádio (stadium management)
  • Porto Multimédia (official site and multimedia products)
  • Porto Comercial (merchandising)
  • Porto Seguro (insurance)

The FCPorto SAD is listed in the Euronext Lisbon stock exchange.

Media[edit]

Porto Canal's logo

Porto Canal is a television station managed by Porto,[149] which airs generalist, regional and club-related programming. This includes live broadcast of the home matches of the football reserve and youth teams, as well as of the senior basketball, handball and roller hockey teams. The channel is available through cable, satellite and IPTV.

The club also issues Dragões, an official monthly magazine that publishes articles and interviews of the teams, players and other club-related content.

Other sports[edit]

See also: Dragão Caixa

Active sections

Extinct sections

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Porto won the regional championship consecutively between 1918 and 1939.[16]
  2. ^ Porto finished the 1939–40 regional championship in third place, which did not grant entry into the Primeira Liga. However, Porto benefitted from a decision to expand the competition to two more teams, which allowed the club to participate.[24]
  3. ^ Until the 1995–96 season, league wins were worth two points.
  4. ^ Delneri never took charge of the team in a competitive match; he was sacked before the start of the season, two months after signing for Porto.[80]
  5. ^ Only home shirt partner shown.
  6. ^ Porto were deducted six points due to suspicion on attempted bribery of referees in the 2003–04 season (Pinto da Costa denied it and after the trial the club was absolved).[147]
  7. ^ Record shared with Sporting CP.

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Further reading[edit]

  • Bandeira, João Pedro (2012). Bíblia do FC Porto (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Prime Books. ISBN 9789896550943. 
  • Tovar, Rui (2011). Almanaque do FC Porto 1893–2011 (in Portuguese). Alfragide: Caderno. ISBN 9789892315430. 

External links[edit]