F. Murray Abraham
|F. Murray Abraham|
F. Murray Abraham, 2008
October 24, 1939
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Other names||Frank Murray Abraham|
|Spouse(s)||Kate Hannan (m. 1962)|
F. Murray Abraham (born Murray Abraham; October 24, 1939) is an American actor. He became widely known during the 1980s after winning the Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Antonio Salieri in Amadeus. He has appeared in many roles, both leading and supporting, in films such as The Name of the Rose, Finding Forrester, All the President's Men and Scarface. He is also known for his television and theatre work.
Early life 
Abraham was born Murray Abraham in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the son of Josephine (née Stello), a housewife, and Frederick Abraham, an auto mechanic. His father was an Assyrian Christian who immigrated from Syria during the 1920s famine; his paternal grandfather was a chanter in the Syriac Orthodox Church. His mother, one of fourteen children, was Italian American, and the daughter of an immigrant who worked in the coal mines of Western Pennsylvania. Abraham added "F." to his stage name, in honor of his father's first name. He has stated "Murray Abraham just doesn't seem to say anything. It just is another name, so I thought I'd frame it". Abraham was raised in El Paso, Texas, near the Mexican border. He attended Vilas Grammar School, and graduated from El Paso High School in 1958. He was a gang member during his teenage years. He attended Texas Western College (later named University of Texas at El Paso), where he was given the best actor award by Alpha Psi Omega for his portrayal of the Indian Nocona in Comanche Eagle during the 1959–60 season. He attended the University of Texas at Austin, then studied acting under Uta Hagen in New York City. He began his acting career on the stage, debuting in a Los Angeles production of Ray Bradbury's The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit.
Abraham made his screen debut as an usher in the George C. Scott comedy They Might Be Giants (1971). Abraham can be seen as one of the undercover police officers along with Al Pacino in Sidney Lumet's Serpico (1973), and in television roles including the bad guy in one third-season episode of Kojak. He played a cab driver in the theatrical version of The Prisoner of Second Avenue (1975), a mechanic in the theatrical version of The Sunshine Boys (1975), and one of the police officers in the film All the President's Men (1976) who arrests the Watergate burglars at the offices of the Democratic National Headquarters.
Until his acclaimed role in Amadeus (1984), Abraham was perhaps best known to audiences as a talking bunch of grapes in a series of television commercials for Fruit of the Loom underwear. He worked with Pacino again in the gangster film Scarface in 1983, playing drug dealer Omar Suárez.
Immediately after Amadeus, he appeared in The Name of the Rose (1986), in which he played Bernardo Gui, nemesis to Sean Connery's William of Baskerville. His director on the film, Jean-Jacques Annaud, has described Abraham - perhaps jokingly - as an "egomaniac" on the set, who considered himself more important than Sean Connery, since Connery did not have an Oscar.
Since Amadeus, he has mainly focused on classical theatre, and has starred in many Shakespearean productions such as Othello and Richard III. He was highlighted in many other plays by the likes of Samuel Beckett and Gilbert and Sullivan, and played the lead in Anton Chekhov's Uncle Vanya (for which he received an Obie Award).
He is also known for his roles in Woody Allen's Mighty Aphrodite (1995), Ahdar Ru'afo in Star Trek: Insurrection (1998), and Gus Van Sant's Finding Forrester (2000), where he once again played nemesis to Connery.
Abraham has focused on stage work throughout his career, giving notable performances as Pozzo in Mike Nichols's production of Waiting for Godot, Malvolio in Twelfth Night for the New York Shakespeare Festival, and Shylock in The Merchant of Venice for the Off Broadway Theatre For A New Audience (TFANA) in March 2007, which was performed at the Duke Theatre in New York and also at The Swan Theatre, part of the Royal Shakespeare Company. He reprised this role in February 2011, when he replaced Al Pacino in the Public Theater's production. In the 1997/98 Broadway season he starred in the new chamber musical Triumph of Love opposite Betty Buckley, based on Marivaux's classic comedy. The production did not find a large audience, running 85 performances, after its pre-opening preview period.
Abraham most recently made a guest appearance on the popular television series Saving Grace, on which he played an angel, Matthew and the Law & Order: Criminal Intent, on which he played Dr. Theodore Nichols, father of Det. Zach Nichols. Additionally, Abraham has worked as the primary narrator for the PBS series Nature for 32 episodes spanning 2007–2010.
F. Murray Abraham has also played Father Marco D'Aviano, the Capuchin Franciscan friar, advisor of Emperor Leopold I of Austria in the movie Battle of Vienna, an Italian movie in English by director Renzo Martinelli, released in Europe in 2012.
Oscar jinx 
Abraham's relatively low-profile film career subsequent to his Academy Award has been widely considered an example of the "Oscar jinx". According to film critic Leonard Maltin, professional failure following an early success is referred to in Hollywood circles as the "F. Murray Abraham syndrome". Abraham rejected this notion and told Maltin:
In the same interview, Abraham said:
Personal life 
In January 2010, Abraham was the on-the-scene hero of a real-life crime scene at the Classic Stage Company in New York, when he traded blows with a thief in the dressing room area during a public rehearsal.
Film and television 
|1971||They Might Be Giants||Clyde|
|1975||The Prisoner of Second Avenue||Taxi driver|
|1975||The Sunshine Boys||Car mechanic|
|1976||All the President's Men||Paul Leeper|
|1978||The Big Fix||Eppis|
|1984||Amadeus||Antonio Salieri||Academy Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor
|1986||The Name of the Rose||Bernardo Gui|
|1986||Dream West||Abraham Lincoln|
|1988||Russicum – I giorni del diavolo|
|1989||The Favorite||Abdul Hamid|
|1989||An Innocent Man||Virgil Cane|
|1989||Beyond the Stars||Dr. Harry Bertram|
|1989||Eye of the Widow||Kharoun|
|1990||The Bonfire of the Vanities||D.A. Abe Weiss||Uncredited|
|1990||La Batalla de los Tres Reyes||Osrain|
|1990||Cadence||Capt. Ramon Garcia||Uncredited|
|1991||By the Sword||Max Suba|
|1993||Last Action Hero||Detective John Practice|
|1993||Journey To The Center Of The Earth||Professor Harlech|
|1993||Through an Open Window||Narrator||Short film|
|1993||National Lampoon's Loaded Weapon||Dr. Harold Leacher|
|1994||Surviving the Game||Wolfe Sr.|
|1994||L’Affaire Lucien Haslans|
|1995||Dillinger and Capone||Al Capone|
|1995||Baby Face Nelson||Al Capone|
|1996||Children of the Revolution||Joseph Stalin|
|1996||Dead Man's Walk||Captain Caleb Cobb|
|1997||Color of Justice||Jim Sullivan|
|1998||Star Trek: Insurrection||Ad’har Ru’afo|
|1999||Excellent Cadavers||Tommaso Buscetta|
|1999||The All New Adventures of Laurel & Hardy in 'For Love or Mummy'||Prof. Covington|
|1999||Muppets From Space||Noah|
|2000||Finding Forrester||Prof. Robert Crawford|
|2001||Thir13en Ghosts||Cyrus Kristicos|
|2001||I Cavalieri che fecero l'impresa||Delfinello da Coverzano|
|2003||My Father, Rua Alguem 5555||Paul Minsky|
|2003||Piazza delle cinque lune||Entita|
|2003||Kingdom of David: The Saga of the Israelites||Narrator|
|2004||The Bridge of San Luis Rey||Viceroy of Peru|
|2004||Peperoni ripieni e pesci in faccia||Jeffrey|
|2004||Another Way of Seeing Things||Narrator|
|2006||Quiet Flows the Don||Pantaley|
|2006||Il Mercante di pietre||Shahid|
|2006||A House Divided||Grandfather Wahid|
|2007||Carnera: The Walking Mountain||Leon See|
|2007||Come le formiche||Ruggero|
|2007||Blood Monkey||Professor Hamilton|
|2008||Shark Swarm||Bill Girdler|
|2010||I Looked in Obituaries||Braque|
|2010||Law & Order: Criminal Intent||Dr. Theodore Nichols||Episode: "Three-In-One"|
|2011||Goltzius and the Pelican Company||The Margrave of Alsace|
|2011, 2012||The Good Wife||Burl Preston||Episodes: "Net Worth", "Alienation of Affection", "Anatomy of a Joke"|
|2011, 2012||Louie||John/Uncle Excelsior||Episodes: "New Jersey/Airport", "Dad"|
|2012||Blue Bloods||Leon Goodwin||Episode: "The Job"|
|2012||Homeland||Dar Adul||Episodes: "Two Hats", "Broken Hearts"|
|2012||September Eleven 1683||Father Marco d'Aviano|
|2013||Dead Man Down||Gregor|
|2013||Elementary (TV series)||Daniel Gottlieb||Episode: "A Landmark Story"|
- Angels in America
- The Ritz
- Triumph of Love
- Teibele and Her Demon
- Landscape of the Body
- Richard II
- King Lear
- Much Ado About Nothing
- The Fantasticks
- Waiting for Godot
- Uncle Vanya
- Oedipus Rex
- Twelfth Night
- The Jew of Malta
- The Merchant of Venice
- A Life in the Theatre
- Almost an Evening
- A Midsummer Night's Dream
Awards and honours 
- 1980: Drama Desk Award for Best Actor in a Play, for Teibele and Her Demon – Nominated
- 1984: Obie Award for Best Performance, for Uncle Vanya – Won
- 1992: Drama Desk Award for Best Actor in a Play, for A Life in the Theatre – Nominated
- 2011: Obie Award for "sustained excellence of performance", for The Merchant of Venice – Won
- 1984: Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor, for Amadeus – Won
- 1985: Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor (Tied with Albert Finney for Under the Volcano (1984)), for Amadeus – Won
- 1985: Academy Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role, for Amadeus – Won
- 1985: Golden Globe for Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama, for Amadeus – Won
- 1985: Albert Schweitzer Award for Classic Film Acting, for Amadeus – Won
- 1986: BAFTA Award for Best Actor, for Amadeus – Nominated
Awards for lifetime achievement 
In July 2004, during a ceremony in Rome, he was awarded the "Premio per gli Italiani nel Mondo". This is a prize distributed by the Marzio Tremaglia foundation and the Italian government to Italian emigrants and their descendants who have distinguished themselves abroad.
In popular culture 
In The Simpsons episode "Homer Simpson in: "Kidney Trouble"", Homer rushes home to see Abraham on Inside the Actors Studio and does not stop for a bathroom break, consequently costing his father his kidneys.
- Getting to Know F. Murray Abraham | LA STAGE TIMES
- Academy Award-Winning Actor F. Murray Abraham | The Diane Rehm Show from WAMU and NPR
- Salomon, Andrew (2007-02-15). "The Lion in Winter". Backstage.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-04. Retrieved 2007-02-15.
- How I Got My Equity Card. Actorsequity.org. Retrieved on 2012-10-15.
- F. Murray Abraham, Oscar Winner, Seeks Tolerance Through Arts. America.gov (2006-09-20). Retrieved on 2012-10-15.
- Tales from the Morgue: Hometown stars – F. Murray Abraham. Elpasotimes.typepad.com (2008-07-10). Retrieved on 2012-10-15.
- F. Murray Abraham Biography – Yahoo! Movies. Movies.yahoo.com. Retrieved on 2012-10-15.
- Jean-Jacques Annaud, The Name of the Rose, DVD commentary, Warner Home Video, 2004.
- The official source for Broadway Information. IBDB. Retrieved on 2012-10-15.
- Filmography by TV series for F. Murray Abraham. imdb.com
- Is winning an Oscar a curse or a blessing? film.com (2007).
- The Movie : F. Murray Abraham. amadeusimmortal.com
- Healy, Patrick (January 26, 2010). "F. Murray Abraham: Action Hero". The New York Times. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
- Rizzo, Frank. (2011-05-18) F. Murray Abraham Receives Obie for Tresnjak Production of "Merchant". Blogs.courant.com. Retrieved on 2012-10-15.
- F. Murray Abraham Gielgud Award 2010. Vimeo.com (2011-01-17). Retrieved on 2012-10-15.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: F. Murray Abraham|
- F. Murray Abraham at the Internet Movie Database
- F. Murray Abraham at the Internet Broadway Database
- F. Murray Abraham at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- F. Murray Abraham at the TCM Movie Database
- F. Murray Abraham at AllRovi
- F. Murray Abraham at Memory Alpha (a Star Trek wiki)
- Yahoo! Movies Biography
- F. Murray Abraham at IMG Artists