FAP 2026

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FAP 2026
FAP 2026.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer FAP
Production 1978–1990s
Designer Military Technical Institute Belgrade
Body and chassis
Class 6×6 Utility, Transport Truck
Body style COE
Powertrain
Engine Mercedes-Benz OM 402
Transmission FAP MS-120, 16-speed, synchromesh
Dimensions
Wheelbase 3,450 mm (135.8 in)
Length 7,720 mm (303.9 in)
Width 2,490 mm (98.0 in)
Height 3,100 mm (122.0 in)
Curb weight 11,570 kg (25,507 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor FAP 2220
Successor FAP 2228
MLRS M-77 Oganj based on a FAP 2026

FAP 2026 is a general purpose off-road lorry made by Serbian vehicle manufacturer Fabrika automobila Priboj (FAP). The six-wheel drive lorry is designed for transport of personnel, weapons and material up to 6 tons of total weight, as for traction of weapons and trailer up to 7.2 tons of weight for the needs of the Yugoslav People's Army.

Development[edit]

During 1965 the Department for Traffic of Federal Secretariat of People's Defense has formed work group with task to analyzes the unarmored vehicles of Yugoslav People's Army. the result of work group was the Study of non-combat vehicles and trailers in use with Yugoslav People's Army. The inferences of study were adopted by Main Military Technical Council in 1966. The study has concluded that there are 129 different vehicle marks in 320 types in service. A decision was made to reduce number of different vehicle marks in service by development of five vehicle classes: 0,75 tons 4x4 off-road vehicle, 1,5 tons 4x4 off-road truck, 3 tons 6x6 off-road truck, 6 tons 6x6 off-road truck and 9 tons 8x8 heavy off-road truck. [1]

During the 1970's the plan for 1,5 tons 4x4 and 3 tons 6x6 off-road trucks was realized by TAM, while the 6x6 heavy truck was developed by the FAP. The first 6 tons 6x6 military truck model developed by FAP was FAP 2220, mainly produced for transportation of the sections of PM M71 pontoon bridge and prototype series of M-77 Oganj self-propelled multiple rocket launcher. The new model, designated FAP 2026 BS/AV was developed during the late 1970's and introduced to service in 1978. Several solutions were taken from Mercedes-Benz, as Mercedes-Benz NG cab model and OM 402 8-cylinder, 4-stroke, water cooled diesel engine, due the FAP has produced trucks under Mercedes-Benz licence.[2]

The FAP 2026 was mass-produced for the needs of the Yugoslav People's Army from 1978 until 1990's. Several small series were produced during the 1990's after dissolution of Yugoslavia.

The FAP 2228 model was further development based on FAP 2026.

Variant[edit]

The standard variant is FAP 2026 BS/AV, with short cab and standard cargo bed. Used for transport of personnel (20 + 2 troops with equipment) , materials and as tractor for artillery and anti-aircraft artillery weapons.[3]

  • FAP 2026 BDS/AVG is used with PM M71 Floating Bridge as trucks for towing of tugboats, it has longer cab with cargo bed.
  • FAP 2026 BDS/A is variant with longer cab used as platform for different upgrades, as trucks for transportation of the PM M71 Floating Bridge sections, M-77 Oganj self-propelled multiple rocket launcher, mounting of M-85 Žirafa mobile radar and fire truck.[4]

The standard FAP 2026 BS/AV was used also as platform for well drill (BMB) and SORA 122mm self-propelled howitzer.

Technical data[edit]

Engine[edit]

  • Engine type Mercedes-Benz OM 402
  • No. of cylinder 6 in-line
  • Bore/Stroke (mm) 102/130
  • Displacement (cm3) 6.370
  • Output power (kW/HP) 205/279
  • At speeds (rpm) 2.200
  • Max. torque (Nm) 1.100
  • At speeds (rpm) 1.200-1.600
  • Gearbox
  • Type 16MS-120, 16-speed, synchromesh
  • Rated inlet torque 1200 Nm
  • Transmission ratio: 13.68; 11.64; 9.4; 8.0; 6.73; 5.73; 4.79; 4.07; 3.36; 2.89; 2.31; 1.96; 1.65; 1.41; 1.18; 1.0
  • Reverse 11.06; 9.41
  • PTO PP 80 / 3C
  • PTO application for winch drive
  • Timing gear
  • Type - mechanic, differential with three axles and two gear ratios:
  • Gear ratio
  • On-road (direct) 1 : 1
  • Off-road (reduced) 1 : 1.6
  • Propeller shafts
  • Type - tubular, open, with universal joints (needle bearings in the joints) with protected telescopic connection, *without retaining bearings.
  • Drive axles
  • Type - Banjo, with fully unloaded axle shafts.
  • Front axle is steering.
  • Total transmission ratio 9.4

Cab[edit]

  • Type short tipping
  • Construction metal, tipping
  • Number of seats 2
  • Driver's seat single parts
  • Cab insulation made on the internal side with special insulation of the bonnet on the lower side
  • Ventilation wing window on doors and roof opening
  • Heating by hot air from engine, through heater and fan
  • Wipers electric

Winch[edit]

  • Type with warm reducer and hydraulic power transfer
  • Rope total length 86 m, ø 16 mm
  • Towing force on the first drum winding 100.000 N +/- 10%

Wheels and tires[edit]

  • No. of wheels 6+1 spare (2 in front, 4 at rear)
  • Type of wheel 2-part with flat rim
  • Rim size 11.25 - 21
  • Tyre type 15.00 - 21, special construction with pressure regulation dependent on terrain

Equipment[edit]

  • The vehicle is equipped with set of tools, accessories and spare parts.

Electric equipment[edit]

  • Rated voltage 24 V Two batteries, capacity 143 Ah
  • Generator alternator with full radio interference, waterproof, rated power 28 V, 85 A, positioned on the engine right side
  • Alternator regulator with full radio interference, 28V
  • Electric starter waterproof, 24V, of 4.8 kW.

[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ FAP 2832 - part about Study of non-combat vehicles and trailers in use with Yugoslav People's Army (Serbia)
  2. ^ History of FAP (Serbian)
  3. ^ Yugoslav People's Army manual for FAP 2026 (Serbo-Croatian)
  4. ^ (Serbo-Croatian)
  5. ^ FFB Komerc - Specijalna Vozila - FAP 2026 BS/AV (Serbian)