Foot Ball Club Melgar, known simply as FBC Melgar, Melgar or Melgarcito, is a Peruvianfootball club based in Arequipa, Peru. It is one of Peru's oldest football teams, founded on March 25, 1915 by a group of football enthusiasts from Arequipa.
The team first participated in the Peruvian football league in 1919 in Lima and later was invited to the first true National football league, the Torneo Descentralizado, in 1966, when four teams from the provinces were invited to join the league. Joining them were Atlético Grau from Piura, Club Octavio Espinoza from Ica and Alfonso Ugarte from Trujillo. Previously, only teams from Lima and Callao had been allowed to compete for the National Championship. Due to a low finish the first year, Melgar was dropped from the league after the first year. After winning the Copa Perú they returned to the First Division where they have remained to this day. Melgar won the Torneo Descentralizado for the first time in 1981. In the 1983 season the club finished first in the First Stage and at the end the top six teams played a playoff tournament to determine the year's champion, which Melgar finished in second.
The club won nine cups in the departament of Arequipa, and won the Copa Perú in 1971. This championship allowed them to return to the First Division Campeonato Descentralizado where they currently remain.