Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation

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Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
Flag of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation.svg
Flag of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
Seal of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
James Comey

since September 4, 2013
Appointer Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Stanley Finch (BOI)
J. Edgar Hoover (FBI)
Formation 1908 (as Chief of the BOI)
Deputy Mark F. Giuliano, Deputy Director

The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation is the head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and responsible for the day-to-day operations. Along with the deputy director, the director ensures cases and operations are handled correctly. The director also is in charge of staffing the leadership in any one of the FBI field offices with qualified agents. The director briefed the president on any issues that arise from within the FBI until the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 was enacted in response to the September 11 attacks. Since then, the director reports to the Director of National Intelligence, who in turn reports to the president.[1]

Directors are appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the Senate.[2][3] In theory, they serve ten-year terms unless they resign, die, or are let go; in reality, none have served a full ten years, except J. Edgar Hoover and Robert Mueller, each of whom served longer than ten years. J. Edgar Hoover, appointed by Calvin Coolidge to the predecessor office of Director of the Bureau of Investigation in 1924, was by far the longest-serving director; he held the position from its establishment under the current title in 1935 until his death in 1972 because there was then no law limiting service time. In response to Hoover's lengthy tenure, Congress imposed a term limit of ten years (waived by the Senate for Robert Mueller on July 27, 2011).[4] The current FBI director is James Comey, who assumed his position on September 4, 2013.

When the Bureau of Investigation (BOI) was established in 1908, its head was called the Chief of the Bureau of Investigation.[5] It was changed to the Director of the Bureau of Investigation since the term of William J. Flynn (1919–1921), and to its current name when the BOI was renamed FBI in 1935.

Bureau of Investigation chiefs and directors (1908 to 1935)[edit]

# Picture Name
3 William J. Flynn.jpg Flynn, William J.William J. Flynn July 1, 1919 – August 21, 1921 2 years, 51 days Director of the BOI
4 William J. Burns.jpg Burns, William J.William J. Burns August 22, 1921 – May 10, 1924 2 years, 262 days
5 Hoover-JEdgar-LOC.jpg Hoover, J. EdgarJ. Edgar Hoover May 10, 1924 – June 30, 1935 11 years, 51 days Director of the BOI

Federal Bureau of Investigation directors (1935 to present)[edit]

# Picture Name Period[5] Length Notes
1 Hoover-JEdgar-LOC.jpg Hoover, J. EdgarJ. Edgar Hoover July 1, 1935 – May 2, 1972 36 years, 306 days Director of the FBI. Died at his Washington, D.C., home on May 2, 1972, from a heart attack.
Patrickgrey.jpeg Gray, L. PatrickL. Patrick Gray May 3, 1972 – April 27, 1973 0 years, 359 days Acting Director of the FBI
William Ruckelshaus.jpg Ruckelshaus, WilliamWilliam Ruckelshaus April 30, 1973 – July 9, 1973 0 years, 70 days Acting Director of the FBI
2 Clarence M. Kelley.jpg Kelley, Clarence M.Clarence M. Kelley July 9, 1973 – February 15, 1978 4 years, 221 days
Jbadams.jpg Adams, James B.James B. Adams February 15, 1978 – February 23, 1978 0 years, 8 days Acting Director of the FBI
3 Williamwebster.jpg Webster, William H.William H. Webster February 23, 1978 – May 25, 1987 9 years, 91 days
Otto-lg.jpg Otto, John E.John E. Otto May 26, 1987 – November 2, 1987 0 years, 160 days Acting Director of the FBI
4 William S. Sessions.jpg Sessions, William S.William S. Sessions November 2, 1987 – July 19, 1993 5 years, 259 days
Clarke-lg.jpg Clarke, Floyd I.Floyd I. Clarke July 19, 1993 – September 1, 1993 0 years, 44 days Acting Director of the FBI
5 Louisfreeh.jpeg Freeh, LouisLouis Freeh September 1, 1993 – June 25, 2001 7 years, 297 days
Pickard-lg.jpg Pickard, Thomas J.Thomas J. Pickard June 25, 2001 – September 4, 2001 0 years, 71 days Acting Director of the FBI
6 Robert S. Mueller official portrait.jpg Mueller, RobertRobert Mueller September 4, 2001 – September 4, 2013 12 years, 0 days
7 Comey-FBI-Portrait.jpg Comey, JamesJames Comey September 4, 2013 – present 0 years, 312 days