FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives
The FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives is a most wanted list maintained by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The list arose from a conversation held in late 1949 between J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the FBI, and William Kinsey Hutchinson, International News Service (the predecessor of the United Press International) Editor-in-Chief, who were discussing ways to promote capture of the FBI's "toughest guys". This discussion turned into a published article, which received so much positive publicity that on March 14, 1950, the FBI officially announced the list to increase law enforcement's ability to capture dangerous fugitives.
Individuals are generally only removed from the list if the fugitive is captured, dies, or if the charges against them are dropped; they are then replaced by a new entry selected by the FBI. In six cases, the FBI removed individuals from the list after deciding that they were no longer a "particularly dangerous menace to society". Machetero member Víctor Manuel Gerena, added to the list in 1984, has been on the list longer than anyone, at 30 years. Billie Austin Bryant spent the shortest amount of time on the list, being listed for two hours in 1969. Jose Manuel Garcia Guevara is the person most recently listed still at large. On rare occasions, the FBI will add a "Number Eleven" if that individual is extremely dangerous but the Bureau does not feel any of the current ten should be removed.
The list is commonly posted in public places such as post offices. In some cases, fugitives on the list have turned themselves in on becoming aware of their listing. As of June 18, 2013, 500 fugitives have been listed, eight of them women, and 470 (94%) captured or located, 155 (31%) of them due to public assistance. On May 19, 1996, Leslie Ibsen Rogge became the first person on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list to be apprehended due to the internet. The FBI maintains other lists of individuals, including the Most Wanted Terrorists, along with crime alerts, missing persons, and other fugitive lists.
On June 17, 2013, the list reached the milestone of 500 fugitives.
The Criminal Investigative Division (CID) at FBI Headquarters calls upon all 56 Field Offices to submit candidates for the FBI's "Ten Most Wanted Fugitives" list. The nominees received are reviewed by Special Agents in the CID and the Office of Public Affairs. The selection of the "proposed" candidate(s) is forwarded to the Assistant Director of the CID for his/her approval and then to the FBI's Director for final approval. This process takes some time which is why James Joseph "Whitey" Bulger, Jr., who was arrested in Santa Monica, California on June 22, 2011, remained on the list until May 9, 2012 despite no longer being at large, and Osama bin Laden remained on the list for almost a year after his death at the hands of U.S. forces on May 2, 2011.
List as of June 17, 2013
Rewards are offered for information leading to capture of fugitives on the list; the reward is $100,000 for all fugitives, with the exceptions of Jason Derek Brown and Víctor Manuel Gerena, which are $200,000 and $1,000,000, respectively.
|Photo||Name||Date added||Sequence number||Comments|
|Víctor Manuel Gerena||May 14, 1984||386||Gerena is wanted in connection with the armed robbery of approximately $7 million from a security company in West Hartford, Connecticut, in 1983. He allegedly took two security employees hostage at gunpoint and handcuffed, bound, and injected them with an unknown, non-lethal substance to disable them further. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $1,000,000 for information leading to Gerena's capture. He is believed to be in Cuba.|
|Glen Stewart Godwin||December 7, 1996||447||Godwin is wanted for his 1987 escape from Folsom State Prison in California, where he was serving a lengthy sentence for murder. He was subsequently imprisoned in Mexico on drug trafficking charges, but escaped from prison after allegedly murdering a fellow inmate. Godwin is currently believed to be involved in the illicit drug trade somewhere in Latin America, having possibly used aliases such as Dennis Harold McWilliams, Nigel Lopez and Miguel Carrera.|
|Robert William "Bobby" Fisher, Sr.||June 29, 2002||475||Fisher is wanted for murder of his wife Mary and their two children Robert, Jr. and Brittney and then blowing up the house in which they all lived in Scottsdale, Arizona, in April 2001. Investigators believe that Robert Fisher murdered his family because he felt threatened by his wife's intent to divorce.|
|Alexis Flores||June 2, 2007||487||Flores is wanted for the kidnapping, rape and murder of five-year-old Iriana DeJesus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in July 2000. He was deported back to his native Honduras in 2005 after serving a prison term for forgery in Arizona. He was added to the list after deportation when his DNA was matched to the DeJesus crime.|
|Jason Derek Brown||December 8, 2007||489||Brown is wanted for murder and armed robbery in Phoenix, Arizona. Authorities say that in November 2004, Brown allegedly shot and killed an armored car guard outside a movie theater and fled on a bicycle with $56,000 in a duffel bag. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $200,000 for information leading to Brown's capture. Authorities believe that he may have fled the country and could be living in France or Thailand.|
|Eduardo "Tablas" Ravelo||October 21, 2009||493||Ravelo is wanted for his alleged involvement in racketeering activities, conspiracy to launder monetary instruments, and conspiracy to possess heroin, cocaine and marijuana with the intent to distribute. His alleged criminal activities began in 2003. Ravelo is believed to be hiding with his wife and children in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico.|
|Semion Mogilevich||October 22, 2009||494||Mogilevich (Ukrainian: Семен Ю́дкович Могиле́вич) is wanted for his alleged participation in a multi-million dollar scheme to defraud thousands of investors in the stock of a public company incorporated in Canada, but headquartered in Newtown, Pennsylvania, between 1993 and 1998. The scheme to defraud collapsed in 1998, after thousands of investors lost in excess of $150 million, and Mogilevich, thought to have allegedly funded and authorized the scheme, was indicted in April 2003. In spite of Mogilevich's activities and the warrants issued against him, according to the FBI he is openly living in Moscow.|
|Fidel Urbina||June 5, 2012||497||Urbina is wanted for allegedly beating and raping a woman in March 1998. While out on bond, he also allegedly beat, raped and strangled a second woman to death in October 1998. Her body was later found in the trunk of a vehicle that had been burned. Both crimes occurred in Chicago, Illinois. Urbina may be residing in Durango, Mexico. He also has ties to the Chicago, Illinois, area.|
|José Manuel García Guevara||June 17, 2013||499||García is wanted for unlawful flight to avoid prosecution. In 2008, he allegedly broke into the mobile home of a 26-year-old woman in Lake Charles, Louisiana and raped and stabbed her to death in front of her 4-year-old stepson. García is believed to have fled to Dallas, Texas and then potentially on to Mexico.|
|Walter Lee Williams||June 17, 2013||500||Williams, a former USC professor, was wanted for allegedly sexually exploiting children and traveling abroad for the purpose of engaging in illicit sexual acts with children. He was arrested in Mexico the day after he was put on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list.|
- Former FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives
- The World's 10 Most Wanted, a list published by Forbes
- U.S. Marshals 15 Most Wanted Fugitives
- Specially Designated Global Terrorist
- "Facts on the Program". FBI. Retrieved 2006-07-10.
- "This Day in History 1950: The FBI debuts 10 Most Wanted". History.com. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
- McCabe, Paul (2001-03-21). "Ask the FBI.: The Ten Most Wanted list". USA Today.
- Douglas, John; Mark Olshaker (July 1999). The Anatomy of Motive: The FBI's Legendary Mindhunter Explores the Key to Understanding and Catching Violent Criminals. Mindhunters, Inc. ISBN 0-671-02393-4.
- "U.S. Fugitive Surrenders In Guatemala After Photo Is Seen On Internet". Associated Press. 1996-05-19.
- Biography - Wanted: Gentleman Bank Robber: The True Story of Leslie Isben Rogge, One of the FBI’s Most Elusive Criminals from Nish Publishing Company 
- "FBI Most Wanted Terrorists". FBI.com. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
- "Alleged rapist, killer added to FBI's 'Most Wanted' list". NBC News. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- ""Ten Most Wanted Fugitives" Program". FBI. Retrieved 2013-02-17.
- Melley, Brian and Greg Risling (2011-06-23). FBI arrests mob boss Whitey Bulger in Calif. Associated Press.
- "FBI Ten Most Wanted". Retrieved 2011-11-27.
- Pelofsky, Jeremy (2012-04-10). "FBI replaces bin Laden on Ten Most Wanted list". Yahoo! News. Reuters.
- "Gerena's FBI Top 10 Most Wanted Fugitive Alert". FBI. Retrieved 2006-07-10.
- "Fugitive Watch: Wanted by the FBI: Wanted for Bank Robbery Theft". ABC News. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
- "Machetero Gets 7 Years For 1983 Wells Fargo Robbery". Retrieved 2011-05-03.
- "Godwin's FBI Top 10 Most Wanted Fugitive Alert". FBI. Retrieved 2006-07-10.
- Underwood, Melissa. "Glen Stewart Godwin Wanted for Murder, Escape From Prison". FOXNews.com. Retrieved 2006-06-20.
- McDonald, R. Robin (October 27, 1996). "Most Wanted" (Fee required). Atlanta, Georgia: The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution. Retrieved December 25, 2009.
- Zoellner, Tom (August 7, 2002). "Report portrays suspect in family killing as cruel, controlling". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved 2-05-2010.
- "Fisher's FBI Top 10 Most Wanted Fugitive Alert". FBI. Retrieved 2006-07-10.
- "Flores' FBI Top 10 Most Wanted Fugitive Alert". FBI. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- "AMW Fugitive Data File for Alexis Flores". AMW.com. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
- "Brown's FBI Top 10 Most Wanted Fugitive Alert". FBI. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- "AMW Fugitive Data File for Jason Derek Brown". AMW.com. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
- The Nation April 4, 2013 1:00 am (2013-04-04). "Tarit: Thailand is region's No 1 terror target - The Nation". Nationmultimedia.com. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- "Ravelo' FBI Top 10 Most Wanted Fugitive Alert". FBI. Retrieved 2010-05-14.
- "Alleged Hit man Changes Appearance, FBI Says". WIBW-TV. October 21, 2009. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
- "Mogilevich' FBI Top 10 Most Wanted Fugitive Alert". FBI. Retrieved 2010-05-14.
- FBI Most Wanted "Semion Mogilevich"
- "Fugitives". America's Most Wanted. Retrieved 06-05-2012.
- "Man accused of rape, murder in Lake Charles makes Most Wanted list". American Press. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- "Ex-USC Professor Added to Most Wanted List Arrested in Mexico". KTLA TV. Retrieved 19 June 2013.