F-box/LRR-repeat protein 5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FBXL5gene.
This gene encodes a member of the F-box protein family which is characterized by an approximately 40 amino acid motif, the F-box. The F-box proteins constitute one of the four subunits of ubiquitin protein ligase complex called SCFs (SKP1-cullin-F-box), which function in phosphorylation-dependent ubiquitination. The F-box proteins are divided into 3 classes: Fbws containing WD-40 domains, Fbls containing leucine-rich repeats, and Fbxs containing either different protein-protein interaction modules or no recognizable motifs. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the Fbls class and, in addition to an F-box, contains several tandem leucine-rich repeats. Alternative splicing of this gene generates 2 transcript variants.
FBXL5 is an iron sensor. It promotes IRP2 ubiquitination and then its degradation.
Ilyin GP, Rialland M, Pigeon C, Guguen-Guillouzo C (2001). "cDNA cloning and expression analysis of new members of the mammalian F-box protein family". Genomics67 (1): 40–7. doi:10.1006/geno.2000.6211. PMID10945468.