Futebol Clube do PortoMH IHMH OM (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˌfuteˈbɔɫ ˈklube du ˈpoɾtu]) (Euronext: FCP), commonly known as FC Porto, Porto, or FCP, is a Portuguese multi-sports club from the city of Porto. Although they successfully compete in a number of different sports, FC Porto is mostly known for its association football team. Founded in Porto in 28 September 1893, it is one of the "Três Grandes" (Big Three, in English), football clubs in Portugal. FC Porto's supporters are often called "Portistas" or "Dragões" (Dragons).
FC Porto is the most successful Portuguese club in terms of national titles (together with Benfica), with 67 titles, the most successful Portuguese club in terms of international titles, with 7 titles, and the most successful Portuguese club in terms of total titles, with 74 titles. Domestically, it holds the record of five Primeira Liga titles in a row, having won the Primeira Liga 27 times. Other national titles won by the club include the Portuguese Cup 16 times, the Championship of Portugal 4 times (a national record, together with Sporting) and the Portuguese SuperCup 20 times (a national record, together with the record of five titles in a row). FC Porto became the second team in the history of the Primeira Liga (after Benfica) to twice complete an entire 30 game season unbeaten (in the 2010–11 and 2012–13 seasons). In the 2010–11 season, FC Porto achieved the largest difference ever between champion and runners-up (21 points) in a 3 points per win system.
The club was founded in 1893 by a wine merchant, António Nicolau de Almeida. The original stadium still exists (the field of constitution), currently serving the formation of the club, under the name Dragon Force.
Dragon, Porto's mascot
FC Porto's nickname, "Dragões" (Dragons), as well as the name of their stadium, Estádio do Dragão (Dragon's Stadium), is related to the club's coat of arms. Until 1922 the club's emblem was a blue football with the letters FCP in white. That year, one of the club's players thought of combining that emblem with the city of Porto's coat of arms at the time. These arms, given by Queen Maria II in 1837 (subsequently altered in 1940), had a quartered shield, showing in the first and fourth quarter the arms of Portugal, and in the second and third quarter the Virgin Mary holding the Child Jesus. The crest of the Royal House of Portugal was a dragon holding the motto "Invicta" (undefeated), surrounded by the collar of the Order of the Tower and Sword, Portugal's highest honour, bestowed on the city by the queen after the undefeated siege of July 1832 – August 1833. Still today the official titles of the city of Porto are: "Antiga, Mui Nobre, Sempre Leal e Invicta" (ancient, very noble, always loyal and undefeated), and to this date, the city is often referred to in Portugal as "a (cidade) Invicta" (the undefeated [city]). The colours of the club may likewise be inspired by the historical colours of Portugal: until the overthrow of the Monarchy in 1910, the Portuguese flag was blue and white (instead of the modern green and red) with the coat of arms of Portugal in the centre, crowned by a royal crown.
The Dragon The traditional symbol and crest of the House of Braganza is a green dragon, representing Saint George, patron saint of Portugal. Because of the use of the dragon in heraldry by the Braganza and Pedro IV's link with Porto, a dragon was added to the old coat of arms of the municipality of Porto and is still a part of F.C. Porto's coat of arms, who are nicknamed "the dragons".
The following 16 years saw FC Porto as an average team – often in the final 16, but not progressing much further. The exception was in 1994, when Porto reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Champions League. The semi-final, decided on a single game, resulted in a heavy loss (3–0) at the hands of Johann Cruyff's FC Barcelona at the Nou Camp.
Porto's home games are played at Estádio do Dragão (English: Dragon's Stadium) in Porto. Built in 2003 as a replacement for FC Porto's old ground, Estádio das Antas, and as a venue for UEFA Euro 2004, Estádio do Dragão has an all-seated capacity of 50,399. The stadium's name is derived from the presence of a dragon on the crest of the city of Porto during the Monarchy, which is also the nickname of Porto fans.
Designed by Manuel Salgado and built by the Grupo Amorim, it cost €97,755,318, of which €18,430,956 was supported by the Portuguese taxpayers. To support costs, each stand carries one or two sponsor names: EDP for the south end, TMN and SAPO ADSL in the east stands, PT and meo for the west stands, and finally Coca-Cola in the north stands. Away fans are placed in the left corner of the North stand, while Porto supporter groups ("SuperDragões" and "Colectivo Ultras 95") are at each end, although initially both groups were in the South stand.
A new multi-sport arena near the stadium was recently completed to harbour F.C. Porto's other sports such as the handball and basketball teams, which are regular contenders for the national titles and the roller hockey section, amongst the best in the sport worldwide. Supporters and players of the club are nicknamed Portistas or Dragões.
FC Porto has more than 20 cups and trophies in exhibition by its museum situated in the Dragão Stadium. The Museum is already opened. Commercially, the club has several stores called Loja Azul (Blue Store) scattered around the city, including two used with official supplier Nike. Since 1994, a merchandising goods fair called Portomania is organized during the pre-season. F.C. Porto publishes one of the older club-related publications in Europe: a monthly 60-page full-colour magazine called Dragões (Dragons) that has existed since the early 1980s.