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Fibroblast growth factor 12
Protein FGF12 PDB 1q1u.png
PDB rendering based on 1q1u.
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Symbols FGF12 ; FGF12B; FHF1
External IDs OMIM601513 MGI109183 HomoloGene10874 GeneCards: FGF12 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE FGF12 207501 s at tn.png
PBB GE FGF12 214589 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 2257 14167
Ensembl ENSG00000114279 ENSMUSG00000022523
UniProt P61328 P61329
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_004113 NM_001276419
RefSeq (protein) NP_004104 NP_001263348
Location (UCSC) Chr 3:
191.86 – 192.49 Mb
Chr 16:
28.16 – 28.45 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Fibroblast growth factor 12 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FGF12 gene.[1][2][3]

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family. FGF family members possess broad mitogenic and cell survival activities, and are involved in a variety of biological processes, including embryonic development, cell growth, morphogenesis, tissue repair, tumor growth, and invasion. This growth factor lacks the N-terminal signal sequence present in most of the FGF family members, but it contains clusters of basic residues that have been demonstrated to act as a nuclear localization signal. When transfected into mammalian cells, this protein accumulated in the nucleus, but was not secreted. The specific function of this gene has not yet been determined. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported.[3]


  1. ^ Smallwood PM, Munoz-Sanjuan I, Tong P, Macke JP, Hendry SH, Gilbert DJ, Copeland NG, Jenkins NA, Nathans J (Oct 1996). "Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) homologous factors: new members of the FGF family implicated in nervous system development". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 93 (18): 9850–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.93.18.9850. PMC 38518. PMID 8790420. 
  2. ^ Liu Y, Chiu IM (Nov 1997). "Assignment of FGF12, the human FGF homologous factor 1 gene, to chromosome 3q29-->3qter by fluorescence in situ hybridization". Cytogenet Cell Genet 78 (1): 48–9. doi:10.1159/000134625. PMID 9345906. 
  3. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: FGF12 fibroblast growth factor 12". 

Further reading[edit]