Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile
|Formation||20 June 1904 (as the AIACR)|
|Legal status||Voluntary association|
|Headquarters||Place de la Concorde|
|Membership||222 member organisations worldwide|
|Main organ||General Assembly|
World Health Organization
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
World Tourism Organization
UN Environment Programme
The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA, English: International Automobile Federation) is a non-profit association established as the Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR) on 20 June 1904 to represent the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users. To the general public, the FIA is mostly known as the governing body for many auto racing events.
The FIA is generally known by its French name or initials, even in non-French-speaking countries, but is occasionally rendered as International Automobile Federation.
Its most prominent role is in the licensing and arbitration of Formula One and World Rally Championship motor racing. The FIA along with the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) also certify land speed record attempts. The International Olympic Committee provisionally recognized the federation in 2011, and granted full recognition in 2013.
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The Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR) was founded in Paris on 20 June 1904.
In 1922, the FIA delegated the organisation of automobile racing to the Commission Sportive Internationale (CSI), an autonomous committee that later became the Fédération Internationale du Sport Automobile (FISA). A restructuring of the FIA in 1993 led to the disappearance of FISA, putting motor racing under direct management of the FIA.
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The true history of Formula One began in 1946 with the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile's (FIA's) standardisation of rules. Then in 1950, the FIA organised the first Drivers World Championship.
The World Sportscar Championship was created in 1953, and was the first points series for sports car racing in the world. The championship was solely for manufacturers up to 1981. From 1981, a Drivers Championship title was introduced and from 1985 the manufacturers title was replaced by a Teams Championship. After the 1992 season the World Sportscar Championship was cancelled and dissolved. There were no sportscar championships until 2010. The SRO Group introduced the GT1 World Championship, which was a Championship consisting of 1 Hour Sprint Races. After a successful 2010 season, the series began having difficulties and after the switch from GT1 to GT3 cars in 2012 the series folded at the end of the 2012 season. After the ACO successfully organised the ILMC in 2010 and 2011, the FIA and ACO to organise together the rebirth of the World Sportscar Championship, the FIA WEC from 2012 onwards.
In 1993, the National Hot Rod Association was officially recognised by the FIA World Motorsports Council and the FIA Drag Racing Commission was formed. FISA was dissolved, and its activities placed directly under the FIA.
The FIA General Assembly is The Federation's supreme governing body, consisting of the presidents of the FIA's numerous member clubs.
The head of the FIA and chairman of the General Assembly is the President. The President is elected to a four-year term by the FIA General Assembly, and from October 2005 onward will not be permitted to serve more than two terms. The previous President, who took office in 1993 and began his fourth term in 2005, is Max Mosley. Mosley did not stand for re-election in October 2009, with Jean Todt being elected president.
The 10-member FIA Senate consists of the President of the Senate; the current and previous presidents of the FIA; the Deputy President for the FIA Mobility and the Automobile group; the Deputy President for FIA Sport group; and five further members elected by the General Assembly. From FIA Statue #17: "The Senate takes the decisions required by the management of the FIA when circumstances do not permit a meeting of the Committee or of the World Councils, especially in cases of emergency; decisions thus taken must be confirmed during the next meeting of the Committee or of the relevant World Council."
The Senate also makes accounting and budget decisions, preparing draft budgets for the World Councils. The Senate forms sub-Committees on subjects such as Commercial Promotions, in order to make recommendations and review proposals.
The FIA World Council for Mobility and the Automobile governs all non-sporting FIA activities, and is headed by the Deputy President for Mobility and the Automobile.
The FIA World Motor Sport Council governs all the sporting events regulated by the FIA. It is also responsible for the promotion of safety in worldwide motorsport, the encouragement of standardized regulations, and the promotion of motorsport in new markets, including developing countries. The council consists of the FIA President, and Deputy President, seven FIA vice-presidents, and 17 other members. The seventeen others must represent a national sporting authority for at least one international event.
The FIA International Court of Appeal is the final appeal tribunal for international motor sport. It resolves disputes brought before it by any of motorsport's National Sporting Authorities worldwide, or by the President of the FIA. It can also settle non-sporting disputes brought by national motoring organizations affiliated to the FIA.
Other organisations and posts include the Mobility and Automobile commissions, sporting commissions, the FIA Deputy President for Sport, and the FIA Secretariat.
Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus
Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile
FIA Institute Young Driver Excellence Academy
In October 2010, the FIA Institute Young Driver Excellence Academy was announced; a new programme to develop young driver talent worldwide. After a three-day shootout in Melk, Austria on 6–8 February, twelve drivers were selected.
In June 1999, the EU commission opened an investigation into the FIA over anti-competitive behaviour in the protection of FIA sanctioned series. A settlement was reached in June 2001.
Martin Brundle wrote a column in the Sunday Times entitled "Witch-hunt threatens to spoil world title race" in which he accused the FIA of a witch-hunt against McLaren. The World Motor Sport Council responded by issuing a writ against the Sunday Times on charges of libel. Brundle hit back saying that "I have earned the right to have an opinion" and suggesting the writ was a "warning sign to other journalists". The 2007 Formula One espionage controversy involved accusations of theft made against McLaren, who were accused of stealing technological secrets from Ferrari.
In 2008, accusations surfaced that FIA President Max Mosley was involved in scandalous sexual behaviour. Following a June 2008 decision of the FIA to retain Max Mosley as president, the German branch of the FIA, the ADAC (the largest European motoring body), announced, "We view with regret and incredulity the FIA general assembly's decision in Paris, confirming Max Mosley in office as FIA president." It froze all its activities with the FIA until Max Mosley leaves office. Press reports also claimed that Bernie Ecclestone was investigating creating a rival to the Formula 1 series due to the scandal.
On 24 June 2009, following a dispute between the FIA and the newly created Formula One Teams Association (FOTA), the parties finally came to an agreement over the future of F1. Part of the agreement was that Max Mosley must step down as FIA President and must not stand for re-election (he stood down in October 2009). A new Concorde Agreement was subsequently signed on 31 July.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile.|
- Autosport: 26 July 2007, pages 8–9. World Motor Sport Council.
- "FIA Homepage – FIA Member Clubs". Fia.com. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- FIA gains official recognition from International Olympic Committee – Autoblog, 16 January 2012
- IOC upgrades FIA to full recognition status – Business Standard, 17 September 2013
- "F1 resolution found, says Mosley". BBC News. 24 June 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- "FIA President – Jean Todt". Fia.com. Retrieved 28 Aug 2010.
- "FIA Institute launches Global Driver Academy". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
- "Drivers Chosen for FIA Institute Young Driver Excellence Academy". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
- "52001XC0613(01) Notice published pursuant to Article 19(3) of Council Regulation No 17 concerning Cases COMP/35.163—Notification of FIA Regulations, COMP/36.638—Notification by FIA/FOA of agreements relating to the FIA Formula One World Championship, COMP/36.776—GTR/FIA ' other". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- "WMSC charges Sunday Times with libel". Planet-f1.com. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- "Brundle hits back at FIA". Planet-f1.com. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- "Mosley stays on as FIA president". BBC News. 3 June 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- Beer, Matt (1 August 2009). "New Concorde Agreement finally signed". autosport.com. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 2 August 2009.
- The FIA's official website
- 50by50: Global Fuel Economy Initiative
- Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile at Notable Names Database