FIA Formula E Championship

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Formula E
FIA Formula E Logo.jpg
Category Single seater
Country International
Inaugural season 2014–15
Constructors Dallara
Tyre suppliers Michelin
Official website FIAFormulaE.com

Formula E, officially the FIA Formula E Championship, is a class of auto racing, sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). The "formula", designated in the name, refers to a set of rules with which all participants' cars must comply. Formula E is intended to be the highest class of competition for one-make, single-seat, electrically-powered racing cars.[1] The series was conceived in 2012, with the inaugural championship to be held in 2014–15.

Former Formula One driver Lucas di Grassi was announced as the series test driver in September 2012.[2] He later stepped down from this role as he would have been unable to partake as a competitive driver in the first season if he were to remain as series test driver.[3] Forty-two cars were ordered in November 2012,[4] with Formula One team McLaren providing the motor, transmission and electronics that all cars will use.[5]

Ten host cities are planning races for the 2014 season, and Formula E originally intended to run races exclusively on street circuits. However, not all races are now set for street circuits. On December 4, 2013, a calendar with 10 host cities for the 2014 season has been confirmed, which consists of Beijing, Putrajaya, Rio de Janeiro, Punta del Este, Buenos Aires, Los Angeles, Miami, Monte Carlo, Berlin and London.[6] Berlin intends to race on a Tempelhof Airport circuit.[7]

In order to manage the costs of operating a Formula E team each constructor will be mandated to make their car available to two other teams for a maximum capped price. This cap is currently set at 350 000€.[8]

Specifications[edit]

A few details about the specifications have been released by the FIA.[1]

Overview[edit]

  • There will be 10 teams, 20 drivers, and 40 cars
  • Each team will include 2 drivers and 4 cars
  • e-Prix will be held in 10 cities across the world
  • Racing circuits will be held in cities, and will be approximately 2.5 km to 3 km long
  • Cars will accelerate from 0 km/h to 100 km/h in 3 seconds, with a maximum speed of 220 km/h
  • Noise decibel levels will be approximately 80 dB(SPL) (ordinary car: 70 dB; bus: 90 dB; Formula One track 130 dB[9][10])

The race[edit]

  • Early morning: free practice session, followed by qualifying
  • Late morning: qualifying 1 lap time each driver with both cars A and B
  • Afternoon: a 2-hour break to recharge the cars
  • Evening: Final race with 3 stints and 2 pit stops
  • Pit stop will involve a change of car: when the battery runs out a driver will make a planned pit stop and switch into a new fully charged car

Races are planned to be 45 minutes in length.

Technical specifications[edit]

Design[edit]

  • Aerodynamics optimized to facilitate overtaking
  • High ride height sensitivity and wide range of suspension set up possibilities to tackle the city centre streets
  • Cost effectiveness
  • Compliant to FIA safety regulations

Technology[edit]

  • Use of latest technology, pushing the boundaries for the future
  • Compromise between performance and cost effectiveness wherever possible
  • Extensive use of composite materials but limited usage of the most expensive carbon fibres

Dimensions[edit]

  • Overall length: 5,000 mm (197 in) (max)
  • Overall width: 1,800 mm (71 in) (max)
  • Overall height: 1,250 mm (49 in) (max)
  • Track width: 1,300 mm (51 in) (min)
  • Ride Height: 75 mm (3 in) (max)
  • Overall weight (inc driver): 800 kg (1,764 lb) (min) // Batteries alone 200 kg (441 lb)

Power[edit]

  • Max power (limited): 200 kW (268 hp), approx 230 N·m (170 ft·lbf) torque (estimated)[11]
  • Race mode (power-saving): 133 kW (178 hp)
  • Push-to-Pass: Additional 67 kW (90 hp)

Maximum power will be available during practice and qualifying sessions. During races, power-saving mode will apply with the 'Push-to-Pass' system temporarily allowing maximum power for a limited time. The amount of energy that can be delivered to the MGU by the RESS is limited to 30 kWh. This will be permanently monitored by the FIA.

Performance[edit]

  • Acceleration: 0 – 100 km/h (0-62 mph) in 3 s - Estimated
  • Maximum speed: 225 km/h (140 mph) (FIA limited) - Estimated

Final performance figures are still to be verified.

Engine[edit]

  • MGU by McLaren
  • Maximum of two MGU's allowed
  • MGU's must be linked only to the rear axle
  • The use of traction control is forbidden

Traction battery[edit]

  • The traction battery is a Rechargeable Energy Storage System (RESS) and supplies electric energy to the Power Circuit and thus to the traction motor. Any onboard battery electrically connected to the Power Circuit is considered to be an integral part of the vehicle's traction battery

Rechargeable Energy Storage System[edit]

  • A Rechargeable Energy Storage System (RESS) is a system that is designed to propel the car via the electric motor. In order to comply they must be:
    • FIA Standard
    • The maximum weight of the Battery Cells and/or Capacitor of the RESS must not be higher than 200 kgs
    • All Battery Cells must be certified to UN Transportation Standards as a minimum requirement

Chassis[edit]

  • Chassis / Survival cell - Carbon/aluminium honeycomb structure made by Dallara
  • Front and rear wing - Carbon structures and Aero styling by Dallara
  • Bodywork - Carbon - Kevlar honeycomb structures made by Dallara

Gearbox[edit]

  • Hewland paddle shift sequential gearbox
  • Fixed gear ratios to reduce costs

Brakes[edit]

  • Standard two separate Hydraulic systems, operated by the same pedal
  • Brake material is free choice
  • Calipers; the section of each caliper piston must be circular

The body of the callipers must be made from aluminium alloy

Wheels and Tyres[edit]

  • Bespoke 18" treaded Michelin tyres for use on both wet and dry conditions/surfaces
  • Championship specific wheel dimensions
  • O.Z. Racing Magnesium rims. Max width - front 260 mm (10 in) / rear 305 mm (12 in). Max Diameter - front 650 mm (26 in) / rear 690 mm (27 in)

Electronics[edit]

  • McLaren Electronics ECU/GCU including data logging system
  • Power supply management unit
  • CAN data acquisition pre-equipment
  • FIA Marshalling system
  • Beacon receiver
  • Telemetry is not permitted

Suspension[edit]

  • Double steel wishbones, pushrod operated, twin dampers and torsion bars suspension (front) and spring suspension (rear)
  • Adjustable ride height, camber and toe
  • Two way (front) / Four way (rear) adjustable Koni dampers
  • Adjustable anti-roll bar (front/rear)

Steering system[edit]

  • Non assisted rack and pinion steering system (power assistance is allowed)
  • Steering wheel with dashboard, marshalling display, gear change and clutch paddles

Safety[edit]

  • FIA safety standards including: front, side, rear and steering column impact tests
  • Front and rear roll hoop, impact structures and monocoque push tests
  • Anti-intrusion survival cell protection panels
  • Wheel retainer safety cables
  • Extinguisher system (electronically operated)

Camera equipment[edit]

  • Roll hoop, nose cone and face shot camera pre-equipment[12]

Races[edit]

The first season will be run from September 2014 to June 2015 with a maximum of 10 races.[13] A final calendar was approved by the World Motor Sports Council on April 11, 2014.[6]

Grand Prix City First race
China China Beijing 13 September 2014
Malaysia Malaysia Putrajaya 18 October 2014
Uruguay Uruguay Punta del Este 13 December 2014
Argentina Argentina Buenos Aires 10 January 2015
TBA TBA 14 February 2015
United States United States Miami 14 March 2015
United States United States Los Angeles 4 April 2015
Monaco Monaco Monte Carlo 9 May 2015
Germany Germany Berlin 30 May 2015
United Kingdom United Kingdom London 27 June 2015

Bold indicates the capital city of the respective country.

Rome, Rio de Janeiro and Bangkok were initially announced to be hosting races, but were later removed.

Entrants[edit]

Ten teams have been announced and confirmed by the FIA to be competing in the inaugural season. Others teams, such as Vastha Racing, Team Rosberg,[14] Bluebird,[15] and Prodrive,[16] have expressed interest in the series. The majority of teams consist of major motorsport operations worldwide, with championships in Formula Renault, GP2, INDYCAR, and DTM having been won by the parent companies of Formula E teams.

License Team Drivers
United Kingdom United Kingdom Drayson Racing TBA
China China China Racing
United States USA Andretti Autosport
United States USA Dragon Racing
France France e.dams
Japan Japan Super Aguri
Germany Germany Audi Sport Abt Lucas di Grassi
Daniel Abt [17]
India India Mahindra Racing TBA
United Kingdom United Kingdom Virgin Racing
Monaco Monaco Venturi Grand Prix

Drivers' Club[edit]

Forty drivers are currently among the Formula E "Drivers' Club". The "Drivers' Club" exists of potential drivers who will have an early opportunity to test the championship's car. However, the signing of these drivers is still in hands of the individual teams.[18]

Drivers
Germany Daniel Abt[18] Netherlands Christijan Albers[18] Spain Jaime Alguersuari[19] United States Marco Andretti[20]
France Nathanaël Berthon[17] United Kingdom Sam Bird[17] Italy Marco Bonanomi[17] France Sébastien Bourdais[18]
United Kingdom Alex Brundle[19] Switzerland Sébastien Buemi[20] United Kingdom Adam Carroll[17] India Karun Chandhok[20]
Spain Dani Clos[17] United Kingdom Ben Collins[19] United States Conor Daly[19] Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio[17]
Brazil Lucas di Grassi[20] Netherlands Robert Doornbos[19] Poland Kuba Giermaziak[17] Germany Nick Heidfeld[17]
United States J. R. Hildebrand[18] Japan Ryo Hirakawa[17] India Narain Karthikeyan[18] Austria Christian Klien[19]
United Kingdom Jon Lancaster[17] United Kingdom Katherine Legge[19] Italy Vitantonio Liuzzi[20] China Ma Qing Hua[20]
France Nicolas Minassian[19] France Franck Montagny[18] Italy Giorgio Pantano[17] Spain Agustin Paya[17]
United Kingdom Adrian Quaife-Hobbs[17] France Stéphane Sarrazin[17] Japan Takuma Sato[20] Brazil Bruno Senna[18]
Spain Oriol Servia[18] Spain Andy Soucek[17] France Adrien Tambay[20] Italy Jarno Trulli[17]

Television Coverage[edit]

TV production will be carried out by Aurora Worldwide Media[21]

TV Network Channel Prospective Audience Countries provided for
United States Fox Sports Fox Sports 1 180 million 80 Countries including:
United Kingdom ITV ITV4 10.6 million  United Kingdom
Japan TV Asahi TBA 51.4 million  Japan
Totals N/A 242 million 82
Source:[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "FIA Formula E Championship". fia.com. 
  2. ^ "Di Grassi revealed as Formula E test driver". Pitpass.com. 5 September 2012. 
  3. ^ "ElectricAutosport.com". Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "Formula E orders 42 cars". Pitpass.com. 15 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "McLaren to power Formula E". Pitpass.com. 12 November 2012. 
  6. ^ a b http://www.fiaformulae.com/news/WMSC-confirms-teams
  7. ^ "Bangkok revealed as candidate city for FIA Formula E Championship". formula-e-news.com. 2013-05-16. 
  8. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GeeUURaydbw&t=139
  9. ^ Allianz (2003-04-12). "Formula Williams F1 - All Ears". Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  10. ^ William Hamby (2004). "Ultimate Sound Pressure Level Decibel Table". 
  11. ^ http://www.topspeed.com/cars/2014-spark-renault-srt_01e-formula-e-race-car-ar159940.html
  12. ^ fiaformulae.com (2013). "FIA Formula E Technical Specifications". 
  13. ^ "World Motor Sport Council". FIA. 2013-06-28. 
  14. ^ Jamie O'Leary (2013-10-03). "Team Rosberg wants Formula E slot for 2014 season". autosport.com. Retrieved 2013-12-24. 
  15. ^ Pablo Elizalde (2013-06-25). "Formula E could be multi-make series as Bluebird announces new car". autosport.com. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  16. ^ Gary Watkins (2013-12-23). "Prodrive targets Formula E and Dakar". racer.com. Retrieved 2013-12-24. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Formula E Drivers' Club". FIA Formula E Championship. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Bruno Senna among latest contenders for a seat in Formula E". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). 27 January 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ex-F1 racers Jaime Alguersuari and Christian Klien eye Formula E". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). 12 February 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ex-Formula 1 drivers and IndyCar stars chasing Formula E seats". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). 8 January 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  21. ^ a b http://www.fiaformulae.com/television

External links[edit]