FIA Formula E Championship
||This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (December 2013)|
Formula E, officially the FIA Formula E Championship, is a class of auto racing, sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). The "formula", designated in the name, refers to a set of rules with which all participants' cars must comply. Formula E is intended to be the highest class of competition for one-make, single-seat, electrically-powered racing cars. The series was conceived in 2012, with the inaugural championship to be held in 2014–15.
Former Formula One driver Lucas di Grassi was announced as the series test driver in September 2012. He later stepped down from this role as he would have been unable to partake as a competitive driver in the first season if he were to remain as series test driver. Forty-two cars were ordered in November 2012, with Formula One team McLaren providing the motor, transmission and electronics that all cars will use.
Ten host cities are planning races for the 2014 season, and Formula E originally intended to run races exclusively on street circuits. However, not all races are now set for street circuits. On December 4, 2013, a calendar with 10 host cities for the 2014 season has been confirmed, which consists of Beijing, Putrajaya, Rio de Janeiro, Punta del Este, Buenos Aires, Los Angeles, Miami, Monte Carlo, Berlin and London. Berlin intends to race on a Tempelhof Airport circuit.
In order to manage the costs of operating a Formula E team each constructor will be mandated to make their car available to two other teams for a maximum capped price. This cap is currently set at 350 000€.
- 1 Specifications
- 2 Technical specifications
- 3 Races
- 4 Teams
- 5 Drivers
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
A few details about the specifications have been released by the FIA.
- There will be 10 teams, 20 drivers, and 40 cars
- Each team will include 2 drivers and 4 cars
- e-Prix will be held in 10 cities across the world
- Racing circuits will be held in cities, and will be approximately 2.5 km to 3 km long
- Cars will accelerate from 0 km/h to 100 km/h in 3 seconds, with a maximum speed of 220 km/h
- Noise decibel levels will be approximately 80 dB(SPL) (ordinary car: 70 dB; bus: 90 dB; Formula One track 130 dB)
- Early morning: free practice session, followed by qualifying
- Late morning: qualifying 1 lap time each driver with both cars A and B
- Afternoon: a 2-hour break to recharge the cars
- Evening: Final race with 3 stints and 2 pit stops
- Pit stop will involve a change of car: when the battery runs out a driver will make a planned pit stop and switch into a new fully charged car
Races are planned to be 45 minutes in length.
- Aerodynamics optimized to facilitate overtaking
- High ride height sensitivity and wide range of suspension set up possibilities to tackle the city centre streets
- Cost effectiveness
- Compliant to FIA safety regulations
- Use of latest technology, pushing the boundaries for the future
- Compromise between performance and cost effectiveness wherever possible
- Extensive use of composite materials but limited usage of the most expensive carbon fibres
- Overall length: 5,000 mm (197 in) (max)
- Overall width: 1,800 mm (71 in) (max)
- Overall height: 1,250 mm (49 in) (max)
- Track width: 1,300 mm (51 in) (min)
- Ride Height: 75 mm (3 in) (max)
- Overall weight (inc driver): 800 kg (1,764 lb) (min) // Batteries alone 200 kg (441 lb)
- Max power (limited): 200 kW (270 bhp), approx 230Nm torque (estimated)
- Race mode (power-saving): 133 kW (180 bhp)
- Push-to-Pass: Additional 67 kW
Maximum power will be available during practice and qualifying sessions. During races, power-saving mode will apply with the 'Push-to-Pass' system temporarily allowing maximum power for a limited time. The amount of energy that can be delivered to the MGU by the RESS is limited to 30 kWh. This will be permanently monitored by the FIA.
- Acceleration: 0 – 100 km/h (0-62 mph) in 3 s - Estimated
- Maximum speed: 225 km/h (140 mph) (FIA limited) - Estimated
Final performance figures are still to be verified.
- MGU by McLaren
- Maximum of two MGU's allowed
- MGU's must be linked only to the rear axle
- The use of traction control is forbidden
- The traction battery is a Rechargeable Energy Storage System (RESS) and supplies electric energy to the Power Circuit and thus to the traction motor. Any onboard battery electrically connected to the Power Circuit is considered to be an integral part of the vehicle's traction battery
Rechargeable Energy Storage System
- A Rechargeable Energy Storage System (RESS) is a system that is designed to propel the car via the electric motor. In order to comply they must be:
- FIA Standard
- The maximum weight of the Battery Cells and/or Capacitor of the RESS must not be higher than 200 kgs
- All Battery Cells must be certified to UN Transportation Standards as a minimum requirement
- Chassis / Survival cell - Carbon/aluminium honeycomb structure made by Dallara
- Front and rear wing - Carbon structures and Aero styling by Dallara
- Bodywork - Carbon - Kevlar honeycomb structures made by Dallara
- Hewland paddle shift sequential gearbox
- Fixed gear ratios to reduce costs
- Standard two separate Hydraulic systems, operated by the same pedal
- Brake material is free choice
- Calipers; the section of each caliper piston must be circular
The body of the callipers must be made from aluminium alloy
Wheels and Tyres
- Bespoke 18" treaded Michelin tyres for use on both wet and dry conditions/surfaces
- Championship specific wheel dimensions
- O.Z. Racing Magnesium rims. Max width - front 260 mm (10 in) / rear 305 mm (12 in). Max Diameter - front 650 mm (26 in) / rear 690 mm (27 in)
- McLaren Electronics ECU/GCU including data logging system
- Power supply management unit
- CAN data acquisition pre-equipment
- FIA Marshalling system
- Beacon receiver
- Telemetry is not permitted
- Double steel wishbones, pushrod operated, twin dampers and torsion bars suspension (front) and spring suspension (rear)
- Adjustable ride height, camber and toe
- Two way (front) / Four way (rear) adjustable Koni dampers
- Adjustable anti-roll bar (front/rear)
- Non assisted rack and pinion steering system (power assistance is allowed)
- Steering wheel with dashboard, marshalling display, gear change and clutch paddles
- FIA safety standards including: front, side, rear and steering column impact tests
- Front and rear roll hoop, impact structures and monocoque push tests
- Anti-intrusion survival cell protection panels
- Wheel retainer safety cables
- Extinguisher system (electronically operated)
- Roll hoop, nose cone and face shot camera pre-equipment
|Grand Prix||City||First race|
|China||Beijing||13 September 2014|
|Malaysia||Putrajaya||18 October 2014|
|Brazil||Rio de Janeiro||15 November 2014|
|Uruguay||Punta del Este||13 December 2014|
|Argentina||Buenos Aires||10 January 2015|
|United States||Los Angeles||14 February 2015|
|United States||Miami||14 March 2015|
|Monaco||Monte Carlo||9 May 2015|
|Germany||Berlin||30 May 2015|
|United Kingdom||London||27 June 2015|
Bold indicates the capital city of the respective country.
Rome, Rio de Janeiro and Bangkok were initially announced to be hosting races, but were later removed. However, Rio de Janeiro was re-announced on the final calendar on December 4, 2013, replacing Hong Kong.
Ten teams have been announced and confirmed by the FIA to be competing in the inaugural season. Others teams, such as Vastha Racing, Team Rosberg, Bluebird, and Prodrive, have expressed interest in the series. The majority of teams consist of major motorsport operations worldwide, with championships in Formula Renault, GP2, INDYCAR, and DTM having been won by the parent companies of Formula E teams.
|United Kingdom||Drayson Racing|
|Germany||Audi Sport Abt|
|United Kingdom||Virgin Racing|
|Monaco||Venturi Grand Prix|
Twenty-four drivers are currently among the Formula E "Drivers' Club". The "Drivers' Club" exists of potential drivers who will have an early opportunity to test the championship's car. However, the signing of these drivers is still in hands of the individual teams.
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- "ElectricAutosport.com". Retrieved 19 December 2013.
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- "McLaren to power Formula E". Pitpass.com. 12 November 2012.
- http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/111732. Missing or empty
- "Bangkok revealed as candidate city for FIA Formula E Championship". formula-e-news.com. 2013-05-16.
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- William Hamby (2004). "Ultimate Sound Pressure Level Decibel Table".
- fiaformulae.com (2013). "FIA Formula E Technical Specifications".
- "World Motor Sport Council". FIA. 2013-06-28.
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- Pablo Elizalde (2013-06-25). "Formula E could be multi-make series as Bluebird announces new car". autosport.com. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- Gary Watkins (2013-12-23). "Prodrive targets Formula E and Dakar". racer.com. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- "Bruno Senna among latest contenders for a seat in Formula E". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). 27 January 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- "Ex-F1 racers Jaime Alguersuari and Christian Klien eye Formula E". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). 12 February 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- "Ex-Formula 1 drivers and IndyCar stars chasing Formula E seats". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). 8 January 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2014.