Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana

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Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana
FIMI logo.jpg
Formation 1992
Headquarters Milan
Location
  • Italy
Chairman Enzo Mazza
Website fimi.it
Music of Italy
General topics
Genres
Media and performance
Music awards Italian Music Awards
Music charts Federation of the Italian Music Industry
Music festivals
Music media Music media in Italy
Nationalistic and patriotic songs
National anthem "Il Canto degli Italiani"
Regional music

The Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana (FIMI) (English: Federation of the Italian Music Industry) is an umbrella organization that keeps track of virtually all aspects of the music recording industry in Italy. It was established in 1992, when major corporate labels left the previously existing organization, the Associazione Fonografici Italiani (AFI).[1][2] During the following years, most of the Italian record labels left AFI to enter the newborn organization.[2] As of 2011, FIMI represents 2,500 companies operating in the music business.[3]

FIMI is a member of the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry and of the Italian employers' federation, Confindustria.[3] Its main purpose is to protect the interests of the Italian record industry.[3]

Starting from March 1995, the Federation of the Italian Music Industry also provides the Italian official albums chart. In January 1997, FIMI also became the provider of the Italian official singles chart. Due to the decrease of CD singles sales in Italy, FIMI replaced its physical singles chart with a digital downloads chart—based on legal Internet and mobile downloads—on 1 January 2008.[4]

In July 2011, Enzo Mazza was confirmed as FIMI chairman.[5]

Charts[edit]

FIMI Albums Chart[edit]

In September 1994, the chairman of the Federation of the Italian Music Industry, Caccia Dominioni, announced for the first time the intention to establish an albums chart in order to replace the previously existing ones, considered unreliable due to their compiling methods.[6]

The Federation of the Italian Music Industry compiled its first albums chart in March 1995. Issued on 7 March 1995, it was based on sales between 23 February 1995 and 1 March 1995.[7] This period coincided with the first week of sales for the albums released by the 45th Sanremo Music Festival contestants, the most important music event in Italy. The first number-one album was Bruce Springsteen's Greatest Hits.[7]

Between 1995 and 2009, the FIMI Albums Chart was based on data provided by Nielsen. Starting from January 2010, the FIMI Albums Chart's positions have been derived from GfK Retail and Technology Italia sales data. The chairman of the Federation of the Italian Music Industry, Enzo Mazza, explained this decision declairing that "the long-time partnership with Nielsen, started in 1995, was satisfying, but in a moment marked by a deep transformation and innovation of the market, we thought that the service offered by Nielsen was no more adequate".[8]

In 1995, the chart was based on data digitally gathered by 130 sellers.[9] The number of sellers was later increased and, as of 2011, the chart is based on the number of copies sold between Monday to Sunday by a subset of 3,400 retailers.[10] Starting from 14 October 2011, the FIMI Albums Chart also includes digital sales.[11]

FIMI Compilations Chart[edit]

In March 1995, alongside the FIMI Albums Chart, the Federation of the Italian Music Industry also began the FIMI Compilations Chart, listing the best-selling albums by various artists. These albums are not included in the FIMI Albums Chart.[9] The first number-one was Sanremo '95, released by RTI Music and featuring some of the songs performed during the 45th Sanremo Music Festival.[7]

FIMI Singles Chart[edit]

In January 1997, the Federation of the Italian Music Industry also started an official singles chart.[2][12][13] The first number-one single was Depeche Mode's "Barrel of a Gun".[13] Compiled by Nielsen,[2] the chart listed the best-selling physical singles in Italy, but on 1 January 2008 it was replaced by the Top Digital Download, listing the best-selling digital singles.[4] The last number one on the physical FIMI Singles Chart was "The Singles Collection" by Vasco Rossi.[14]

FIMI DVD Chart[edit]

The Italian DVD Chart was established by the Federation of the Italian Music Industry in October 2003. The first Italian DVD Chart listed only the first ten positions, and was headed by Sting's Inside the Songs of Sacred.[15] As of July 2011, it lists the 20 best-selling music DVDs in Italy, and is compiled by ACNielsen.[16]

Top Digital Download[edit]

On 10 April 2006, FIMI published the first chart listing the best-selling digital singles in Italy.[17] Compiled by Nielsen SoundScan, the chart was based on data provided by 10 digital stores.[17] The first number-one single was "Sei nell'anima" by Gianna Nannini.[18]

Due to the decrease of CD singles sales in Italy, on 1 January 2008 the Top Digital Download became the Italian official singles chart, replacing the chart based on physical sales.[4][14]

Sales certification[edit]

Certification system has existed in Italy since mid 1970s. During that period, albums had to sell 500,000 units to qualify for a Silver status, while for Gold, the requirement was 1,000,000 units.[19] The singles, similarly, were required to sell 1,000,000 units to reach the Gold level in the mid 1970s.[19] Sales requirements for music recordings in Italy for domestic and international repertoire are the same levels.

Albums[edit]

Note that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under FIMI.

Period Gold
certification
Platinum
certification
Diamond
certification
Until 31 December 2004[20][21][22] 50,000 100,000 500,000
From 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2007[21][22] 40,000 80,000 400,000
From 1 January 2008 to late 2009[22][23] 35,000 70,000 350,000
From late 2009[24] to 31 December 2011[25] 30,000 60,000 300,000
From 1 January 2012[26] 30,000 60,000 600,000
From 1 January 2014[27] 25,000 50,000 500,000

Singles[edit]

Italy has had a Gold certification program for singles during mid 1970s, with the level for Gold set at 1,000,000 units.[19] Even though, the requirement of 1,000,000 units for Gold was quite high for the Italian market, this program was carried on to the 1980s.[28] The singles certification program was abandoned when FIMI took over the operations, and it wasn't until 1999 that Italy re-launched its Gold and Platinum program for singles.[29]

Note that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under FIMI.

Period Gold
certification
Platinum
certification
Diamond
certification
From March 1999 to 31 December 2004[29][30] 25,000 50,000 N/A
From 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2009[21][22][31] 10,000 20,000 N/A
From 1 January 2010[32] 15,000 30,000 N/A
From 1 January 2014[27] 15,000 30,000 300,000

Note: Multi-platinum currently refers to singles which have sold more than 60,000 copies, whether on CD format or downloads.

Music DVDs[edit]

Note that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under FIMI.

Period Gold
certification
Platinum
certification
From 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2008[21] 15,000 30,000

List of certified albums[edit]

The following is a list of Platinum and multi-platinum albums that have been certified by the Federation of the Italian Music Industry.[33]

Platinum[edit]

Two times Platinum[edit]

Three times Platinum[edit]

Four times Platinum[edit]

Five times Platinum[edit]

Six times Platinum[edit]

Eight times Platinum[edit]

Diamond[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mario Luzzatto Fegiz (25 October 1992). "Sanremo '93, già una stonatura". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). 
  2. ^ a b c d "Inchiesta classifiche Rockol: la parola a Enzo Mazza (FIMI)" (in Italian). rockol.it. 26 November 2002. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c "FIMI - Profilo" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c Worden, Mark (14 January 2008). "Italy's Singles Chart Goes Digital". Billboard. Retrieved 11 February 2008. 
  5. ^ "FIMI nella continuità, Enzo Mazza riconfermato presidente" (in Italian). Rockol.it. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  6. ^ Mario Luzzatto Fegiz (16 September 1994). "Arriva la nuova hit parade: mai più errori o trucchi". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c Marinella Venegoni (7 March 1995). "La nuova hit parade trasparente rivoluziona la classifica festivaliera. Sanremo, i veri vincitori. Volano alto i Neri per Caso e Fiorello". La Stampa (in Italian). Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "Classifiche, dal 2010 FIMI cambia partner (da Nielsen a GfK)" (in Italian). Rockol.it. 2 December 2009. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Antonio Dipollina (7 March 1995). "Un Auditel per i dischi". la Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  10. ^ "Nota metodologica GfK Retail and Technology" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  11. ^ "Rivoluzione chart ufficiali FIMI/GfK: Entrano in Top Ten anche gli album digitali" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. 10 October 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  12. ^ "Italian Music Biz Relaunches CD Single". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media) 108 (45): 43. 9 November 1996. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  13. ^ a b "Singoli - I numeri uno dal 1997 al 2006" (in Italian). it-charts.150m.com. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  14. ^ a b Andrea Laffranchi (3 January 2008). "Una rivoluzione nella musica Addio alla hit dei cd "singoli"". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). 
  15. ^ "La hit dei dvd musicali: Sting al primo posto poi Mina e Pink Floyd". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). 15 October 2003. Retrieved 17 August 2008. 
  16. ^ "DVD Musicali - Classifica settimanale dal 25/07/2011 al 31/07/2011" (in Italian). Feseration of the Italian Music Industry. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  17. ^ a b "Gianna Nannini in testa alla hit della prima classifica del web". la Repubblica (in Italian). 10 April 2006. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  18. ^ Marinella Venegoni (11 April 1996). "Gianna Nannini è "nell’anima" e in testa a ogni hit". La Stampa (in Italian). Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  19. ^ a b c Billboard Vol. 86, No. 52. Billboard. 1974-12-26. p. 40. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  20. ^ Mark Worden (5 February 2005). "Italian Labels Body FIMI". Billboard magazine. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  21. ^ a b c d "Calano le vendite, la FIMI abbassa la soglia di dischi d'oro e di platino" (in Italian). Rockol.it. 14 January 2005. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  22. ^ a b c d Mark Worden (25 January 2008). "FIMI Lowers Gold, Platinum Levels". billboard.biz. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  23. ^ "Vendite a picco, scendono ancora i parametri per dischi d'oro e di platino" (in Italian). Rockol.it. 30 January 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  24. ^ Screen nDream. Billboard. 14 November 2009. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  25. ^ "Fimi: è online il sistema di certificazione ufficiale dei dischi d'oro e di platino". Federation of the Italian Music Industry. 6 September 2009. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  26. ^ "Assegnazioni dichi d'oro, platino, multi platino, diamond" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  27. ^ a b "FIMI Profili: Certificazioni: CATEGORIE CERTIFICAZIONE ALBUM e COMPILATION (prodotto fisico e online)" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  28. ^ Murells, Joseph (1984-12-31). Million selling records from the 1900s to the 1980s: an illustrated directory. Batsford. p. 10. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  29. ^ a b Mark Dezzani (27 March 1999). "Newsline...: Italian Label's Body". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc.) 111 (13): 69. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  30. ^ "newsline...". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc.) 117 (6): 45. 5 February 2005. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  31. ^ "IFPI Certification-levels 2009". IFPI. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  32. ^ "IFPI Certification-levels 2010". IFPI. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  33. ^ "FIMI Certificazioni: Archivio". FIMI (in Italian). Retrieved 2013-05-13. 

External links[edit]