FIVB World Grand Prix

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
FIVB World Grand Prix
Current season, competition or edition:
2014 FIVB World Grand Prix
Sport Volleyball
Founded 1993
No. of teams 28
Continent International (FIVB)
Most recent champion(s)  Brazil
Most titles  Brazil (10 titles)

The FIVB World Grand Prix is a women's volleyball competition. Played every year since 1993, it is considered the women's version of the FIVB Volleyball World League. In 2004, it distributed US$ 1.295 million in prizes.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

Old FIVB World Grand Prix logo

World Grand Prix was created in 1993 as part of the FIVB's marketing strategy to promote the sport of volleyball by establishing annual international competitions. It was modelled after the World League, a successful event for men that had been introduced three years before.

The Grand Prix made women's volleyball very popular in East Asia; the lack of interest on the part of the audience is nevertheless still significant throughout the world. Today (2004), the competition is maintained mainly with the support of Asian investors.

The budget for prize money has been growing steadily since 1993, but at a rather slow pace. The figures have reached $1.295 million in 2004 - meager when compared to the World League's $13 million.

The predominance of Asian sponsors determined the first major break with the World League's formula. Most of the cities that host preliminary round matches are located in Asia. A host country may or may not have a national volleyball team involved in the competition. A second break was introduced in recent years: in some continents, teams must qualify to participate in the competition.

Winners[edit]

The history of Grand Prix's previous winners is a clear indication of how women's volleyball has been dominated, since the early 1990s, by four teams: Cuba, Brazil, Russia and China. Along with five-times winner USA, they are the only ones to hold a title at this competition as of 2005.

In 1993, the Cubans padded their already impressive record of a gold medal in the 1992 Olympic Games by winning the first edition of the Grand Prix. They were also running for the gold in 1994, but were defeated by an underranked Brazil: at that time, the Brazilians had never been able to catch a single medal in any major women's volleyball competition.

In the following years, Brazil proved beyond any doubt that its time as underdog was over. It lost the finals in 1995 to USA, but came back in 1996 for a second Grand Prix title, winning all the matches that made up the Final Four round in five sets.

The Brazilians withdrew from the competition in 1997, and the winner was Russia. But they were back in 1998 for another gold. Russia took revenge in 1999, and defeated Brazil in straight sets to win their second Grand Prix title.

Russia's win in 2002 made them, like Brazil, three-time winners. But the South Americans untied the score by conquering the 2004, 2005, 2006, 2008 and 2009, and, afterwards, also 2013 and 2014 editions of the tournament. The winners in 2000, 2001 and 2003 were Cuba, USA and China, respectively. Netherlands won their first trophy in 2007. In 2010, 2011 and 2012 USA won three consecutive gold medals.

Competition formula[edit]

The Grand Prix's competition formula has proved less stable than the World League's. In the following years, major changes are likely to be introduced in an attempt to make women's volleyball more attractive to the audience. Some of the rules that are still in practice as of 2004 are:

  • The Grand Prix has qualification procedures. They are not the same in every continent: teams may have to play a specific qualification tournament, or may qualify based on the FIVB World Rankings.
  • The competition is divided in at least two phases: a preliminary round, with a system of rotating host cities; and one or more final rounds, with one or more host nations.
  • The preliminary round is divided in weeks. Each week, the participating teams are organized in pools, and each team plays one match against all other teams in its pool.
  • All games in a pool take place over a weekend in the same city. The cities are mostly located in Asia. Pools may be hosted in countries which are not actually involved in the competition.
  • When all matches of the preliminary round have been played, the top n teams (overall standings) qualify for the final round(s), and the remaining ones leave the competition. The value of n depends on the number of participating teams and the format that will be employed in the finals, but it is usually five or six.
  • If involved in the competition, host nation(s) automatically qualify for the final round(s).
  • The 2013 Gran Prix has seen a record number of 20 teams taking part in the competition. The first 5 plus organiser Japan qualify to the finals.[1]
  • The FIVB has tried different formats for the final round(s). Originally, it was a round-robin "Top Four" system in which four teams played against each other and the winner was determined by number of wins, set average, point average, direct confrontation. For some years now (2004), the most commonly used is a mixed format: quarter-finalists are organized in two pools, and the top two teams in each pool play semi-finals and finals according to the Olympic format.
  • In the preliminary round, a team is usually given the right to work with a list of eighteen players, from which the coach builds the twelve-player line-up that will be employed in a particular weekend. For the final round(s), only twelve players are allowed.

Appearance[edit]

China and Japan are the only teams that participated in all editions of the World Grand Prix.

Team App. First Last
 China 22 1993 2014
 Japan 22 1993 2014
 Brazil 21 1993 2014
 United States 21 1993 2014
 Cuba 20 1993 2014
 Russia 18 1993 2014
 South Korea 17 1993 2014
 Italy 16 1994 2014
 Germany 15 1993 2014
 Thailand 12 2002 2014
 Dominican Republic 11 2004 2014
 Netherlands 11 1994 2014
 Poland 11 2004 2014
 Kazakhstan 5 2007 2014
 Puerto Rico 5 2009 2014
 Argentina 4 2011 2014
 Chinese Taipei 4 1994 2012
 Serbia 4 2011 2014
 Turkey 4 2008 2014
 Peru 3 1994 2014
 Algeria 2 2013 2014
 Bulgaria 2 2013 2014
 Canada 2 2003 2014
 Czech Republic 2 2013 2014
 Australia 1 2014 2014
 Azerbaijan 1 2006 2006
 Belgium 1 2014 2014
 Croatia 1 2014 2014
 Kenya 1 2014 2014
 Mexico 1 2014 2014

Results[edit]


FIVB World Grand Prix
Year Host Champions Runners-up Third place Fourth place
1993
Details
Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Cuba

China

Russia

Brazil
1994
Details
China
Shanghai

Brazil

Cuba

China

Japan
1995
Details
China
Shanghai

United States

Brazil

Cuba

China
1996
Details
China
Shanghai

Brazil

Cuba

Russia

China
1997
Details
Japan
Kobe

Russia

Cuba

South Korea

Japan
1998
Details
Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Brazil

Russia

Cuba

China
1999
Details
China
Yu Xi

Russia

Brazil

China

Italy
2000
Details
Philippines
Quezon City

Cuba

Russia

Brazil

China
2001
Details
Macau
Macau

United States

China

Russia

Cuba
2002
Details
Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Russia

China

Germany

Brazil
2003
Details
Italy
Andria

China

Russia

United States

Netherlands
2004
Details
Italy
Reggio Calabria

Brazil

Italy

United States

Cuba
2005
Details
Japan
Sendai

Brazil

Italy

China

Cuba
2006
Details
Italy
Reggio Calabria

Brazil

Russia

Italy

Cuba
2007
Details
China
Ningbo

Netherlands

China

Italy

Russia
2008
Details
Japan
Yokohama

Brazil

Cuba

Italy

United States
2009
Details
Japan
Tokyo

Brazil

Russia

Germany

Netherlands
2010
Details
China
Ningbo

United States

Brazil

Italy

China
2011
Details
Macau
Macau

United States

Brazil

Serbia

Russia
2012
Details
China
Ningbo

United States

Brazil

Turkey

Thailand
2013
Details
Japan
Sapporo

Brazil

China

Serbia

Japan
2014
Details
Japan
Tokyo

Brazil

Japan

Russia

Turkey
2015
Details
United States
Omaha

Medal summary[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Brazil 10 5 1 16
2  United States 5 0 2 7
3  Russia 3 5 4 12
4  Cuba 2 4 2 8
5  China 1 5 3 9
6  Netherlands 1 0 0 1
7  Italy 0 2 4 6
8  Japan 0 1 0 1
9  Germany 0 0 2 2
 Serbia 0 0 2 2
11  South Korea 0 0 1 1
 Turkey 0 0 1 1
Total 22 22 22 66

MVP by edition[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Volley Gran Prix 2013 al via: formula e calendario Italia". 3 August 2013. 

External links[edit]