FK Austria Wien
|Full name||Fußballklub Austria Wien|
|Nickname(s)||Die Veilchen (The Violets)|
|Founded||15 March 1911|
|Ground||Franz Horr Stadium,
|2012–13||Austrian Bundesliga, 1st|
|Website||Club home page|
Fußballklub Austria Wien (German pronunciation: [aʊ̯sˈtʀiə viːn]; often known in English as Austria Vienna, and usually shortened to Austria in German-speaking countries) is an Austrian association football club from the capital city of Vienna. The club have won 24 Austrian Bundesliga titles, surpassed only by their cross-city rivals SK Rapid Wien. With 27 victories in the Austrian Cup and six in the Austrian Supercup, Austria Wien is the most successful club in each of those tournaments. The club reached the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup final in 1978, and the semi-finals of the European Cup the season after. The club play at the Franz Horr Stadium, known as the Generali-Arena for commercial purposes.
Foundation to World War II
FK Austria Wien was founded in Vienna on 15 March 1911 as the Wiener Amateur Sportvereinigung by players and officials of the Vienna Cricket- and Football- Club, taking violet and white as the new club's colours. The club has never been relegated, and is one of two Austrian clubs to have spent their entire history in the top flight, the other being derby rivals Rapid.
The team claimed its first championship title in 1924. Amateure changed their name to Austria in 1926 as the former amateurs had become professionals. The club also won their second league title that year.
The 1930s, one of Austria Wien's most successful eras, brought two titles (1933, 1936) in the Mitropa Cup, a tournament for champions in Central Europe. The star of that side was forward Matthias Sindelar, who was voted in 1998 as the greatest ever Austrian footballer.
The club's successes were halted by the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany in 1938. While Jewish players and staff at the club were exterminated or fled the country, Sindelar died under unresolved circumstances on 23 January 1939 of carbon monoxide poisoning in his apartment. He had refused to play for Germany, citing injury and international retirement. Even though the club did not have any success in this period, playing in the Gauliga Ostmark, they managed a much more important victory in keeping the name "Austria" despite attempts by Nazi sports authorities to rename the club.
Post-World War II
Austria Wien won their first league title for 23 years in 1949, and retained it the following year. They later won a fifth title, in 1953. The club won 16 titles in 33 seasons between 1960 and 1993, starting with a hat-trick of titles (1961, 1962, and 1963). Forward Ernst Ocwirk, who won five league titles in two separate spells at the club, managed the side to their 1969 and 1970 Bundesliga titles. Other players of this era included Horst Nemec.
The 1970s saw the beginning of another successful era, despite no league title between 1970 and 1976 as an ageing squad was rebuilt. The side returned to a period of dominance with eight league titles in the 11 seasons from 1975–76 to 1985-86. After winning the 1977 Austrian Cup national Cup, Austria Wien reached the 1978 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, which it lost 4–0 to Belgian club Anderlecht. The following season, the club reached the semi-finals of the European Cup, losing 1-0 on aggregate to Swedish team Malmo. In 1982–83, Austria Wien reached the semi-finals of the Cup Winner's Cup, losing 5-3 on aggregate to Real Madrid of Spain.
Players at Austria Wien in this era in this successful era included: Herbert "Schneckerl" Prohaska, Felix Gasselich, Thomas Parits, Walter Schachner, Gerhard Steinkogler, Toni Polster and Tibor Nyilasi.
At the start of the 1990s, Austria Wien enjoyed its so far last successful era: a hat-trick of Bundesliga titles (1991–93); three cup titles (1990, 1992 and 1994) as well as four Super cup titles (1991, 1992, 1993, 1994) were won. The club declined in the late 1990s due to financial problems which caused key players to be sold.
Austria Wien was taken over by Austro-Canadian billionaire Frank Stronach's Magna auto-parts consortium in 1999, and due to further deals with the Memphis cigarette company was renamed FK Austria Memphis Magna. Stronach's investment in players, on a budget three times as high as the average in the league, saw a first Bundesliga title for ten years in 2002–03. Despite this, coach Walter Schachner was fired, and his replacement Christoph Daum could not retain the league title, but won the Cup.
In 2004 the name Memphis was removed. Austria Wien reached their last European quarter-final in 2004-05 as they were eliminated by Parma of Italy in the UEFA Cup. On 21 November 2005, Frank Stonach decided to resign from his post. As a result several players such as topscorer Roland Linz, Vladimír Janočko, Joey Didulica, Libor Sionko, Filip Šebo and Sigurd Rushfeldt were transferred to other teams in Summer 2006. The 2005–06 season concluded with a league-and-cup double.
The season 2006–07 saw a decline at the club due to a much-reduced budget and loss of key players. Despite losing 4-1 on aggregate to Benfica of Portugal in the preliminary round of the Champions League, the team managed to qualify (against Legia Warsaw winning 2–1 on aggregate) for the Group Phase of the UEFA Cup tournament. Former player and coach Thomas Parits became the new general manager, and after losing three days later 4–0 away to Red Bull Salzburg, sacked coaching pair Peter Stöger and Frank Schinkels. Georg Zellhofer replaced them. The league season saw a sixth-place finish despite being in last place on Christmas, although Austria Wien also won the Cup. The side improved the following season, finishing in third.
The summer of 2008 brought notable changes for Austria Wien. Twelve players left the club, among them key players like Sanel Kuljic and Yüksel Sariyar, who went and joined Frank Stronach's newly founded team FC Magna in Austria's second division. The Betriebsführervertrag with Stronach's Magna company expired, which gave the club a wholly new structure. On 1 July 2008 the original name FK Austria Wien, without any sponsor name included for the first time in 30 years. The club also recruited Chinese international Sun Xiang, who became the first Chinese player to play in the Austrian Bundesliga. In the 2012-13 season Austria Vienna won their 24th league title, ahead of holders Red Bull Salzburg, but lost the Cup final 1-0 to third-tier FC Pasching. In August 2013, Austria Wien qualified for the group stages of the UEFA Champions League group stage for the first time after defeating Dinamo Zagreb in the play-offs round. They were drawn against Porto, Atlético Madrid and Zenit St. Petersburg (all of them have won European trophies in the 21st century). Austria finished last in the group after a loss to Porto at home (0-1), a draw against Zenit in Saint Petersburg (0-0), two losses against Atlético and an away draw against Porto, which eventually put the Portuguese side to the third place in the group. A consolation came when Austria defeated Zenit 4-1 at Ernst-Happel-Stadion.
FK Austria Wien play their home games at the Franz Horr Stadium which has a total capacity of 12,500 including its new East-Stand. The stadium was renamed "Generali Arena" in a sponsorship deal announced at the end of 2010 with Italian insurers Generali.
The stadium was constructed in 1925 for Slovan Vienna, a Czech immigrants' club, and was largely destroyed by the Allies in World War II. In 1973 it was named after Franz Horr, chairman of the Viennese FA, and Austria Vienna moved into the ground the following year.
Austria Wien contest the Wien derby with their local rival Rapid Wien. The two clubs are the most supported and successful in the entire country. Both teams originate from Hietzing, the 13th district in the west of the city, but have since moved into different districts. While Austria Wien is seen as a middle-class club, Rapid traditionally hold the support of the capital's working class. The two clubs first met in a league championship match on 8 September 1911, a 4-1 victory for Rapid. The fixture is the most-played derby in European football after the Old Firm match in Glasgow, Scotland.
Austrian Bundesliga (24)
- Champions: 1923–24 (regional title), 1925–26 (regional title); 1948–49, 1949–50; 1952–53; 1960–61, 1961–62, 1962–63; 1968–69, 1969–70; 1975–76; 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81; 1983–84, 1984–85, 1985–86; 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93; 2002–03, 2005–06, 2012–13
Austrian Cup (27)
- Champions: 1921, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1933, 1935, 1936, 1948, 1949, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1967, 1971, 1974, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1986, 1990, 1992, 1994, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
- Winners: 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 2003, 2004
Wiener Cup (2)
- Winners: 1948, 1949
Mitropa Cup (2)
- Champions: 1933, 1936
- Runners Up: 1978
- Runners Up: 1952
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
- See also[clarification needed].
Out on loan
- "Monaco set for group stage draw". UEFA.com. 28 August 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "TEAM". FK Austria Wien (in German). fk-austria.at. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
- "Squad". UEFA. uefa.com. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to FK Austria Wien.|
- Official website (German)
- Official Youth Academy site (German)
- Austria Wien at UEFA.com
- Austria Wien at EUFO.de
- Austria Wien at Weltfussball.de
- Austria Wien at Football Squads.co.uk
- Austria Wien at National Football Teams.com
- Austria Wien at Football-Lineups.com