FMA IA 50 Guaraní II
|IA 50 Guarani II|
|Manufacturer||Fabrica Militar de Aviones (FMA)|
|First flight||26 April 1963|
|Retired||7 January 2007|
|Primary user||Fuerza Aérea Argentina|
|Number built||3 prototypes + 32 series aircraft|
|Developed from||IAe 35 Huanquero|
A twin-engined light transport known as the Guaraní I was developed from the Huanquero and first flew on 6 February 1962. The design was a refined version of the Huanquero, keeping 20% of the structure and with an all-metal wing. The aircraft was further developed as the Guaruani II; the main difference was a single swept fin and a shortened rear fuselage. It also used the more powerful Turbomeca Bastan VIA turboprop. The fuselage was semi-monocoque with squared cross-section, and it had unswept wings and swept tailplanes. The prototype flew on 26 April 1963.
In June 1965 the Guarani II prototype (serial number TX-01) was exhibited and flown at the Paris Air Show at Le Bourget Airport, France). TX-01 was later flown to the CEV (“Centre d’Essays en Vol”, Air Test Centre) at Istres, France, for technical evaluation, where it was tested for a total of 200 flying hours. It was flown back to the FMA, Argentina in February 1966, being the first Latin American built aircraft to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.
Retirement from service
The last flying example, retired in 2006 at the II Brigada Aérea (IInd Air Brigade), at Paraná, Entre Rios, Argentina, is currently preserved at the National Aeronautics Museum ("Museo Nacional de Aeronáutica") of the Argentine Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Argentina), at Morón, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
- Argentine Air Force
- Argentine Federal Police
- Argentine Navy
- Servicio Penitenciario Federal
- Líneas Aéreas Provinciales de Entre Ríos
- Gobierno de Córdoba
- Gobierno de Salta
- Ministerio de Bienestar Nacional
Specifications (IA 50)
Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1965-66 
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: 15 passengers
- Payload: 1,810 kg (2,600 lb)
- Length: 14.86 m (48 ft 9 in)
- Wingspan: 19.53 m (64 ft 1 in)
- Height: 5.81 m (19 ft 0¾ in)
- Wing area: 41.81 m² (450 ft²)
- Airfoil: NACA 633218
- Aspect ratio: 9
- Empty weight: 3,924 kg (8,650 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 7,120 kg (15,700 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Turbomeca Bastan VI-A Turboprop, 694 kW (930 shp) each
- Never exceed speed: 515 km/h (278 knots, 320 mph)
- Maximum speed: 500 km/h (270 knots, 311 mph)
- Cruise speed: 450 km/h (243 knots, 280 mph) (econ. cruise)
- Stall speed: 145 km/h (78 knots, 90 mph)
- Range: 1,995 km (1,078 nmi, 1,240 mi)
- Service ceiling: 12,500 m (41,010 ft)
- Rate of climb: 13.4 m/s (2,640 ft/min)
- Taylor 1965, p.3.
- Taylor 1965, pp. 3–4.
- Article on the 50th anniversary of the "Fabrica Militar de Aviones" - listing all the aircraft developed and manufactured there since 1927, Aerospacio, Buenos Aires, 1977. (in Spanish)
- Taylor, John W. R. (1965). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1965-66. London: Samson Low, Marston.
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to FMA IA 50 Guaraní II.|
- (Spanish) Development and Specifications
- (Spanish) Individual aircraft histories
- (Spanish) Newspaper article about the G-II
- FMA IA 50 Guaraní II at Flickr
- FMA IA 50 Guaraní II at Flickr