FM broadcasting in India

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FM broadcasting began on 23 July 1977 in Chennai, then Madras, and was expanded during the 1990s.[1] In the mid-nineties, when India first experimented with private FM broadcasts, the small tourist destination of Goa was the fifth place in this country of one billion where private players got FM slots. The other four centres were the big metro cities: Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai. These were followed by stations in Bangalore, Hyderabad, Jaipur and Lucknow.

Times FM (now Radio Mirchi) began operations in 1993 in Ahmedabad. Until 1993, All India Radio or AIR, a government undertaking, was the only radio broadcaster in India. The government then took the initiative to privatize the radio broadcasting sector. It sold airtime blocks on its FM channels in Indore, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Vizag and Goa to private operators, who developed their own program content. The Times Group operated its brand, Times FM, till June 1998. After that, the government decided not to renew contracts given to private operators. In 2000, the government announced the auction of 108 FM frequencies across India.[2]

Radio City Bangalore is India's first private FM radio station and was started on July 3, 2001. It launched with presenters such as Rohit Barker, Darius Sunawala, Jonzie Kurian and Suresh Venkat.[3]

Indian policy currently states that these broadcasters are assessed a One-Time Entry Fee (OTEF), for the entire license period of 10 years. Under the Indian accounting system, this amount is amortised over the 10 year period at 10% per annum. Annual license fee for private players is either 4% of revenue share or 10% of Reserve Price, whichever is higher.

Earlier, India's attempts to privatise its FM channels ran into rough weather when private players bid heavily and most could not meet their commitments to pay the government the amounts they owed.

Content[edit]

News is not permitted on private FM. Nationally, many of the current FM players, including the Times of India, Hindustan Times, Mid-Day, and BBC are essentially newspaper chains or media, and they are already making a strong pitch for news on FM.The policy guidelines for Phase III of the expansion plan for FM and community radio, rolled out in 2011, offered a concession that private operators could rerun news from All India Radio, but without any additions or change.[4] The Supreme Court of India on 17 October 2013 issued notice to the Centre on a public interest litigation (PIL) seeking a direction to allow private radio stations, including community radio, to broadcast news.[5]

FM stations in New Delhi[edit]

  • AIR FM Rainbow / FM-1 (107.1 MHz)
  • AIR FM Gold /FM-2 (106.4 MHz)
  • AIR Rajdhani/Gyanvani Channel (Non-Regular broadcast) (105.6 MHz)
  • Oye FM (104.8 MHz)
  • Fever 104 (104 MHz)
  • Radio Mirchi FM (98.3 MHz)
  • Hit FM (95 MHz)
  • Radio One FM (94.3 MHz)
  • Red FM (93.5 MHz)
  • Big FM (92.7 MHz)
  • Radio City (91.1 MHz)
  • Radio Jamia 90.4 FM
  • Delhi University Educational Radio (Available only in University area) (DU Radio FM) (90.4 MHz)

apna radioa iimc 90.4

FM stations in Kolkata[edit]

FM stations in Mumbai[edit]

FM stations in Bangalore[edit]

FM stations in Chennai[edit]

FM stations in Kerala[edit]

  • Real FM 103.6
  • Best FM 95.00,
  • Radiomango 91.9,
  • Red FM 93.5,
  • Club FM 104.8

Market view[edit]

India's new private FM channels could also change the advertising scenario. Traditionally, radio accounts for 7% to 8% of advertiser expenditures around the world. In India, it is less than 2% at present.[citation needed]

List of FM radio Stations in India[edit]

Due to lack of management in ministry of broadcasting of India they have no further plan to spread FM Radio all part of India.

In a Bihar region govt. of India not given any private licence for FM Radio. But it is very necessary to establise one private FM radio in this flood and earthquake area for contacting affected people.

Current allocation process[edit]

In FM Phase II — the latest round of the long-delayed opening up of private FM in India — some 338 frequencies were offered of which about 237 were sold.[citation needed] The government may go for rebidding of unsold frequencies quite soon. In Phase III of FM licensing, smaller towns and cities will be opened up for FM radio.

Reliance and South Asia FM (Sun group) bid for most of the 91 cities, although they were allowed only 15% of the total allocated frequencies. Between them, they have had to surrender over 40 licenses.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://allindiaradio.org/milestone.html][dead link]
  2. ^ "Radio Mirchi". www.wikipedia.com. Retrieved 15 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Radio City (Indian radio station)". www.wikipedia.com. Retrieved 15 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "Control freakery". The Indian Express. Oct 19, 2013. Retrieved Oct 19, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Why not let private radio stations air news?". Hindustan Times. October 17, 2013. Retrieved 19 October 2013.