|Fabrique Nationale Herstal FNP|
FNP-40 with stainless steel slide.
|Place of origin|
|Used by||See Users|
|Effective firing range||55 yd (50 m)|
Detachable box magazine; capacities:
|Sights||3-dot white or Tritium night sights|
The FN FNP pistol is a series of semi-automatic, polymer-framed pistols manufactured in Columbia, SC, by FNH USA, a division of Fabrique Nationale de Herstal. The pistol debuted in early 2006 and is chambered for the 9×19mm Parabellum, .40 S&W, .45 ACP, and .357 SIG cartridges.
All variations of the pistol include ambidextrous decocking levers and a reversible magazine release, as well as an integrated tactical accessory rail. In addition, the FNP-45 offers an ambidextrous slide release.
According to FNH USA, the FNP line of pistols is the only polymer-framed autoloading pistol on the market (as of its introduction) with fully replaceable frame rails; this allows the pistol to be rebuilt after extensive firing, thereby extending service life. (Steyr M Series pistols also have this feature, and were released in 1999.)
Design and operation
The FNP series weapons are hammer fired weapons utilizing a Browning cam system with an external extractor. The trigger module is housed inside the polymer frame as an individual unit connected to the hammer. The magazine release button is held in place by a retention pin which can be removed to allow the magazine release button to be reversed. The trigger pull for the FNP-9 variant is generally 8 pounds while in double action and 3–4 pounds while in single action. While the lower frame is made of high-strength polymer, the slide is made of stainless steel. Generous magazine wells make reloading the weapon easy.
Disassembly and reassembly of the handgun is relatively simple. To disassemble the weapon, the slide is locked to the rear and the magazine is released from the weapon. The takedown lever located to the front of the frame is rotated downwards and the slide is gently released to allow it to slip off the frame rails. Once removed, the recoil spring is removed from its couched position in the barrel and the barrel is removed. To reassemble the weapon the process is reversed with the slide being slid onto the frame rails and the takedown lever rotated up while the slide is locked to the rear.
The FNP Series pistol is produced in five basic models with several different variations on each model. Each of the five models, the FNP-45, the FNP-40, the FNP-357, the FNP-9 and the FNP-9M (discontinued), are offered with the following features:
- Double-action only (N/A on FNP-357)
- Single-action only (discontinued)
- Double/single action
- Stainless steel slide (matte natural finish)
- Stainless steel slide (black finish)
- Stainless steel slide (black finish) with Dark Earth Frame
- Night sights
- Standard sights
The FNP-9 and FNP-40 have also been marketed as the Browning Pro-9 and Pro-40.
- Belgium: The Genk police force purchased 190 FNP-9 and FNP-9M pistols in April 2005.
- Spain: Spanish Navy Marines have begun to replace old Llama M82s with FNP-9s.
- United States: A quantity of 27 FNP pistols was donated to New Roads, Louisiana police department in October 2009 to replace damaged guns, due to budgetary constraints.
- "FNP-9, DA/SA, Matte Black Stainless Handgun". http://fnhusa.com - FNH USA Official Website. 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
- "FNP-40, DA/SA, Matte Black Stainless Handgun". http://fnhusa.com - FNH USA Official Website. 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
- "FNP-45, DA/SA, Matte Black Stainless Handgun". http://fnhusa.com - FNH USA Official Website. 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
- "FNP-45 Tactical owner's manual". http://fnhusa.com - FNH USA Official Website. 2009. Retrieved 2011-03-08.
- FNP pistols are made in Columbia, SC, although marked with "Fredericksburg, VA" on the slide, indicating not the place of manufacture but the registered location of FNH's Federal Firearms License. http://www.fnhusa.com/le/about.asp
- FNH USA press release on FNP debut
- FNH USA website on FNP-357
- The FNP-9/Browning Pro-9 at Modern Firearms.
- "A Belgian Police Zone Selects the FNP9 Polymer Pistol from FN HERSTAL". http://fnherstal.com - FN Herstal Official Website. April 11, 2005. Archived from the original on 2006-02-04. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
- "FNH USA donates guns to police department in need". http://fnhusa.com - FNH USA Official Website. October 20, 2009. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
- Official website —FNH USA
- FNP-45 Tactical Owner's manual
- FNH Firearms Blog
- Owner review of the FNP9 DA/SA variant